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Re: How many prime numbers between 1 and 100 are factors of 7,15 [#permalink]
19 Mar 2014, 20:27

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Re: How many prime numbers between 1 and 100 are factors of 7,15 [#permalink]
29 Mar 2015, 18:01

Expert's post

Hi elisabettaportioli,

The speed with which you 'prime-factor' 7150 into its 'pieces' is likely going to be influenced by the 'first' number you factor out.

Looking at 7150, you could easily start with a 2 (because 7150 is even), a 5 (because 7150 ends in a 0) or a 10 (also since it ends in a 0).

I actually started with 50, since 50 divides into 100 twice.....7100 = (71x2) fifties....

So 7150 = 142 fifties + 1 fifty = (50)(143)

The (50) can be quickly broken down into (2)(5)(5)

Now, looking at the 143, we know that NO even numbers will divide in (since even numbers do NOT divide into odd numbers). If you know the 'rule of 3', then you know that 3 does NOT divide in. Since 3 doesn't divide in, 9 won't divide in either. 5 won't divide in for obvious reasons. Thus, we're really left with just a handful of possibilities:

1) 143 might be prime 2) 7, 11 and/or 13 might divide in

It's pretty easy to eliminate 7 as an option (it divides into 14, but not 3). Once you find that 11 divides in, you end up with the 13 by default.

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