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How to differentiate subject phrase and modifiers

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How to differentiate subject phrase and modifiers [#permalink] New post 30 Jan 2013, 18:06
Hi Gmatters,

I'm currently studying SC with MGMAT Guide 8, and there is something bothering me: When correcting a sentence, how do you spot the difference between what could be a subject phrase or a modifiers? Specially when both have -ing form.

Example:

A.There are, according to my doctor, many courses of treatment available to me.
B. After all the gardening we did, the sun shining on the flowerbeds make a beatiful sight.

Thanks!
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Re: How to differentiate subject phrase and modifiers [#permalink] New post 30 Jan 2013, 19:00
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Subject – person or thing which carries out the verb

Modifier describes and provides a more accurate definitional meaning to another element in a sentence.

It is not too difficult to spot (or at least most of the times)

There (pronoun that refers to courses) are (verb), according to my doctor (modifier), many courses (subject) of treatment available to me

many courses of treatment (modifier that refers to courses - of treatment) (there) ARE avaiable to me, according to the doctor.

After all the gardening we did, the sun shining on the flowerbeds make a beatiful sight.

the sun (subject) make (verb) a beautiful sight (object complement ) shining on the flower (adverb), after all the gardening we did

here the verb should be makes because is 3 singular person and "after all the gardening we did" is so to make sense but is correct at the beginning of the phrase because it goes to modify the sun.

Ask if something remains unclear
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Re: How to differentiate subject phrase and modifiers   [#permalink] 30 Jan 2013, 19:00
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