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However much scientists may agree that the average global

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However much scientists may agree that the average global [#permalink] New post 19 Jun 2012, 05:09
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However much scientists may agree that the average global temperature is rising and that this rise is at least partially caused by human activity, global warming remains a subject of heated debate for both American citizens and lawmakers.


(A) However much scientists may agree that

(B) Despite agreement among scientists to the fact

(C) Although scientists agree

(D) Even though most scientists may agree

(E) There is agreement among many scientists that
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Re: However much scientists [#permalink] New post 19 Jun 2012, 13:13
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@Kashishh: 'much' is used to describe extent, intensity, or degree. It is used to modify non-countables.

1. However much he loved her, she always pulled away.

2. Much of his hostility can be attributed to his lack of friends.


In both cases, you cannot count the thing that is being modified by 'much.' 'Love' and 'hostility' therefore are non-countables. Similarly, 'agree' is not something that can be counted. "Much of scientists' agreement on plate tectonics is actually based on shaky ground (so to speak :)).

With 'many', the shift becomes one from non-countables to countables.

1. Many of his friends attest to his grumpiness.

2. Many of the country's economic woes can be attributed to bureaucratic ineptitude.

In both cases, the nouns - 'friends' and 'woes' can be counted.

Thus in the original sentence, we are modifying the extent of the scientists' agreeing, so we want to use 'much.'

Hope that helps :)
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Re: However much scientists [#permalink] New post 19 Jun 2012, 05:12
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However much scientists may agree that the average global temperature is rising and that this rise is at least partially caused by human activity, global warming remains a subject of heated debate for both American citizens and lawmakers.


(A) However much scientists may agree that

(B) Despite agreement among scientists to the fact - needs that

(C) Although scientists agree - needs that

(D) Even though most scientists may agree - needs that

(E) There is agreement among many scientists that - creates a run on sentence
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Re: However much scientists [#permalink] New post 19 Jun 2012, 05:57
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However much scientists may agree that the average global temperature is rising and that this rise is at least partially caused by human activity, global warming remains a subject of heated debate for both American citizens and lawmakers.


(A) However much scientists may agree that

'However' is being used in the sense of 'to whatever extent' and should not be confused with the use of 'however' to suggest contradiction. The 'may' suggests that scientists do not definitely agree. As such there is nothing wrong grammatically wrong with this answer choice. Many of the following answer choices will grammatically sound too; however, they will change the meaning of this sentence, thus making them invalid.

(B) Despite agreement among scientists to the fact

'to the fact' is wordy.

(C) Although scientists agree

Changes original meaning of sentence from 'may agree' to 'agree.'

(D) Even though most scientists may agree

Here the extent of the agreement is not being addressed the way it is in the original sentence.

(E) There is agreement among many scientists that

This answer choice is even more stark then (D). Suddenly many scientists are agreeing, an occurrence that would change the meaning of the original sentence.

Hope that helps :)
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Re: However much scientists [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2012, 09:41
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@kashshihh,

With 'much', as in 'verb much', it is being used as an adverb. Therefore, we do not want to put the 'much' before the 'verb.' This does not hold true for most adverbs, but is specific to 'much.'

Hope that helps!
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Re: However much scientists [#permalink] New post 19 Jun 2012, 12:51
ChrisLele wrote:
However much scientists may agree that the average global temperature is rising and that this rise is at least partially caused by human activity, global warming remains a subject of heated debate for both American citizens and lawmakers.


(A) However much scientists may agree that

'However' is being used in the sense of 'to whatever extent' and should not be confused with the use of 'however' to suggest contradiction. The 'may' suggests that scientists do not definitely agree. As such there is nothing wrong grammatically wrong with this answer choice. Many of the following answer choices will grammatically sound too; however, they will change the meaning of this sentence, thus making them invalid.

(B) Despite agreement among scientists to the fact

'to the fact' is wordy.

(C) Although scientists agree



Changes original meaning of sentence from 'may agree' to 'agree.'

(D) Even though most scientists may agree

Here the extent of the agreement is not being addressed the way it is in the original sentence.

(E) There is agreement among many scientists that

This answer choice is even more stark then (D). Suddenly many scientists are agreeing, an occurrence that would change the meaning of the original sentence.

Hope that helps :)


@ chrislele- MUCH with Scientists - is it a correct usage? Please explain.
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Re: However much scientists [#permalink] New post 19 Jun 2012, 12:54
Really uses of Much with Scientist is confusing .....
It needs to be explained by Expert !
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Re: However much scientists [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2012, 03:25
ChrisLele wrote:
@Kashishh: 'much' is used to describe extent, intensity, or degree. It is used to modify non-countables.

1. However much he loved her, she always pulled away.

2. Much of his hostility can be attributed to his lack of friends.


In both cases, you cannot count the thing that is being modified by 'much.' 'Love' and 'hostility' therefore are non-countables. Similarly, 'agree' is not something that can be counted. "Much of scientists' agreement on plate tectonics is actually based on shaky ground (so to speak :)).

With 'many', the shift becomes one from non-countables to countables.

1. Many of his friends attest to his grumpiness.

2. Many of the country's economic woes can be attributed to bureaucratic ineptitude.

In both cases, the nouns - 'friends' and 'woes' can be counted.

Thus in the original sentence, we are modifying the extent of the scientists' agreeing, so we want to use 'much.'

Hope that helps :)


thnx for the detailed reply with examples,i understood the countables and non countables.
ur examples too, but one more point - if much is modifying 'agree' then isn't the placement of 'much' is ... i mean shudn't it be - scientist much agree or like that?
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Re: However much scientists [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2012, 04:21
Thanks for great explanation :D
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Re: However much scientists [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2012, 10:39
ChrisLele wrote:
@kashshihh,

With 'much', as in 'verb much', it is being used as an adverb. Therefore, we do not want to put the 'much' before the 'verb.' This does not hold true for most adverbs, but is specific to 'much.'

Hope that helps!


Great explaination. absolutely clear! Thankyou, +1
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Re: However much scientists may agree that the average global [#permalink] New post 15 Jan 2013, 17:05
However much scientists may agree that the average global temperature is rising and that this rise is at least partially caused by human activity, global warming remains a subject of heated debate for both American citizens and lawmakers.

Is it sloppy GMAT practice to eliminate all answer choices expect A because if you have a 'that' following an 'and' you need to have one prior?
Re: However much scientists may agree that the average global   [#permalink] 15 Jan 2013, 17:05
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