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Hunters and warriors, bison were hunted by the native

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Hunters and warriors, bison were hunted by the native [#permalink] New post 18 Jun 2012, 20:39
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

64% (01:33) correct 36% (00:42) wrong based on 22 sessions
Hunters and warriors, bison were hunted by the native Navajo, and they used the hides for shelters and meat for food.

A) bison were hunted by the native Navajo, and they used the hides for shelters and meat for food
B) the native Navajo hunted bison, using the hides for shelters and meat for food.
C) bison were hunted by the native...
D) the native Navajo had hunted bison, and they used the hides for shelters and meat for food
E) hunting by the native Navajo...

It's easy to throw out answers A, C and E because the introductory phase is modifying incorrectly.

My question:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Why is B the correct answer? Isn't it unclear whether the Navajo or bison is "using"? I thought that using modifies back to the noun and in this case the direct object, bison.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Modifier ? via PowerScore [#permalink] New post 18 Jun 2012, 22:42
Quote:
Why is B the correct answer? Isn't it unclear whether the Navajo or bison is "using"? I thought that using modifies back to the noun and in this case the direct object, bison.

Nope, the adjective clause after bison will modified the Subject of Main clause or all of Main clause. In the above case, the adjective clause modified the Subject of main clause.
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Re: Hunters and warriors, bison were hunted by the native Navajo [#permalink] New post 19 Jun 2012, 03:16
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damham17 wrote:
Hunters and warriors, bison were hunted by the native Navajo, and they used the hides for shelters and meat for food.

A) bison were hunted by the native Navajo, and they used the hides for shelters and meat for food
B) the native Navajo hunted bison, using the hides for shelters and meat for food.
C) bison were hunted by the native...
D) the native Navajo had hunted bison, and they used the hides for shelters and meat for food
E) hunting by the native Navajo...

It's easy to throw out answers A, C and E because the introductory phase is modifying incorrectly.

My question:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Why is B the correct answer? Isn't it unclear whether the Navajo or bison is "using"? I thought that using modifies back to the noun and in this case the direct object, bison.


As per mGmat sc guide The verb "using" modifies the main subject but not the noun just before it. In d, they is ambiguous.
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Re: Hunters and warriors, bison were hunted by the native Navajo [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2012, 10:25
Expert's post
First thing: Can a bison use hides for shelters and meat for food? Herbivorous as it is, does a bison eat meat? Unless you want to surrender meaning to literal structure, bison cannot be the modified noun, just because of its proximity to the modifier.
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Re: Hunters and warriors, bison were hunted by the native Navajo [#permalink] New post 27 Jun 2012, 20:35
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Hi @danham17,

When a verb-ing modifier is separated from a clause by using comma, the verb-ing modifier modifies the entire clause preceding it. In these structures, the verb-ing modifiers present either additional information about the preceding clause or the result of the preceding clause. Also, the verb-ing associates with the subject of the preceding clause. This is so because the verb-ing modifiers are constituted from verbs and denote an action. Hence, they need to associate with the subject of the preceding clause.

Now let's take a look at the sentence in question with correct answer (Choice B):

Hunters and warriors, the native Navajo hunted bison, using the hides for shelters and meat for food.

In this choice, the verb-ing modifier "using" is preceded by a comma. Hence, it is modifying the entire preceding clause. Here, "using" is correctly presenting additional information about the preceding clause. The native Navajo hunted bison and used the hides for shelters and meat for food. Also, "using" correctly associates with the subject "the native Navajo" because they used the skin and the meat. Hence, this is the correct answer.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Hunters and warriors, bison were hunted by the native Navajo [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2012, 00:58
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Expert's post
An important point that has been ignored by many is the wrong use of past perfect tense in D; The antecedence of – they - is not under question at all here in D, because logically – they - cannot refer to bison or hides or shelters. If you don’t consider logic, when you have some doubt a pronoun’s reference, then you will be off the mark.

D is wrong because it says - had hunted -; Hunting is a general way of life and here is no timeline for that except that the tribes did that for their living. It is simultaneous with the habit of using hides for shelters and meat for food. Therefore, you need a simple past tense – hunted - , if you want to describe the avocation of the tribes.
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Re: Hunters and warriors, bison were hunted by the native Navajo   [#permalink] 28 Jun 2012, 00:58
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