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# I'd really appreciate any explainations to the questions

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Intern
Joined: 24 Jul 2007
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I'd really appreciate any explainations to the questions [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2007, 07:03
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I'd really appreciate any explainations to the questions below.

1. While larger banks can afford to maintain their own data-processing operations, many smaller regional and community banks are finding that the cost associated with upgrading data-processing equipment and with the development and maintenance of new products and technical staff are prohibitive.

A. cost associated with
B. costs associated with
C. costs arising from
D. cost of
E. costs of

2. Effots to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970's, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the riches and poorest districts.

A. has not significantly reduced the gaps existing
B. has not been significant in reducing the gap that exists
C. has not made a significant reduction in the gap that exists
D. have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
E. have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing
Director
Joined: 17 Sep 2005
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08 Aug 2007, 07:20
1. It's B

While larger banks can afford to maintain their own data-processing operations, many smaller regional and community banks are finding that the costs associated with upgrading data-processing equipment and with the development and maintenance of new products and technical staff are prohibitive.

- Brajesh
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08 Aug 2007, 07:24
1. B
2. D

Assuming these are correct, here's my line of thought.

1. I narrowed it down to A and B because I wanted costs associated with...and with the development.... to be parallel. Between A and B I went with B because at the end of the sentence it says "are prohibitive" which means cost(s) must be plural. If it were just the cost, it would say "is prohibitive"

2. Right away I narrowed it down to D and E. The beginning of the underlined section "has not..." refers back to the efforts to equalize the funds from the very beginning of the sentence. Since efforts are plural you have to use have instead of has. I then chose D between the last two options because E just doesn't make sense.

Are those the OA or am I off?
Director
Joined: 17 Sep 2005
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08 Aug 2007, 07:28
2. It's D

- "Efforts" is the subject so plural "have" is required.

Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970's have not significantly reduced the gap that exists between the riches and poorest districts.

E is Passive and Wordy.

- Brajesh
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