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I studied modifiers this morning and found some interesting

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I studied modifiers this morning and found some interesting [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2010, 21:36
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I studied modifiers this morning and found some interesting stuffs.
Read this first: http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/pos ... tml#p35386
Then:
Summative modifier: http://grammar.about.com/od/rs/g/summat ... erterm.htm
A modifier (usually a noun phrase) that appears at the end of a sentence and serves to summarize the idea of the main clause.
Here are two sentences that contrast relative clauses and summative modifiers. Notice how the which in the first one feels 'tacked on':
Economic changes have reduced Russian population growth to less than zero which will have serious social implications.
Economic changes have reduced Russian population growth to less than zero, a demographic event that will have serious social implications.
Resumptivie Modifier: http://grammar.about.com/od/rs/g/resump ... erterm.htm
A modifier that repeats a key word at the end of a sentence and then adds informative or descriptive details related to that word.
Since mature writers often use resumptive modifiers to extend a sentence, we need a word to name what I am about to do in this sentence, a sentence that I could have ended at that comma, but extended to show how resumptive modifiers work."
The reader assumes from such messages that the writer has certain doubts, doubts that perhaps others may have, thus connecting, as possible fellow doubters, the writer and the reader.
Building a sentence with appositive http://grammar.about.com/od/basicsenten ... sitive.htm
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Re: Summative modifiers and Resumptive modifiers [#permalink] New post 25 Jun 2010, 01:08
Thanks David for sharing these resources..

i m really fighting with Modifiers...
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Re: Summative modifiers and Resumptive modifiers [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2010, 22:52
As part of your modifiers review, you might also want to (re)learn the subtleties with appositives (noun modifiers) and absolute phrases (clause modifiers)

Appositives:
http://grammar.about.com/od/grammarfaq/ ... sitive.htm

Absolute Phrases:
http://grammar.about.com/od/basicsenten ... utephr.htm

I also like how MGMAT goes over these topics. Check those sections out again.
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Re: Summative modifiers and Resumptive modifiers [#permalink] New post 29 Jun 2010, 23:41
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http://grammar.about.com/od/basicsenten ... utephr.htm
So dogged were Frances Perkins’investigations of the garment industry, and her lobbying for wage and hour reform was persistent, Alfred E. Smith and Franklin D. Roosevelt recruited Perkins to work within the government, rather than as a social worker.

A. and her lobbying for wage and hour reform was persistent,
B. and lobbying for wage and hour reform was persistent, so that
C. her lobbying for wage and hour reform persistent, that
D. lobbying for wage and hour reform was so persistent,
E. so persistent her lobbying for wage and hour reform, that

Does this SC contain Absolute Phrase? Is "so persistent her lobbying for wage and hour reform" an absolute phrase because it has no verb?
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Re: Summative modifiers and Resumptive modifiers [#permalink] New post 30 Jun 2010, 08:36
Yes, that phrase in (E) is an absolute phrase.

so persistent is her lobbying for wage and hour reform

with the verb is removed, you have your absolute phrase.
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Re: Summative modifiers and Resumptive modifiers [#permalink] New post 02 Sep 2011, 02:11
Quote:
I studied modifiers this morning and found some interesting stuffs.
Read this first: http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/pos ... tml#p35386
Then:
Summative modifier: http://grammar.about.com/od/rs/g/summat ... erterm.htm
A modifier (usually a noun phrase) that appears at the end of a sentence and serves to summarize the idea of the main clause.
Here are two sentences that contrast relative clauses and summative modifiers. Notice how the which in the first one feels 'tacked on':
Economic changes have reduced Russian population growth to less than zero which will have serious social implications.
Economic changes have reduced Russian population growth to less than zero, a demographic event that will have serious social implications.
Resumptivie Modifier: http://grammar.about.com/od/rs/g/resump ... erterm.htm
A modifier that repeats a key word at the end of a sentence and then adds informative or descriptive details related to that word.
Since mature writers often use resumptive modifiers to extend a sentence, we need a word to name what I am about to do in this sentence, a sentence that I could have ended at that comma, but extended to show how resumptive modifiers work."
The reader assumes from such messages that the writer has certain doubts, doubts that perhaps others may have, thus connecting, as possible fellow doubters, the writer and the reader.
Building a sentence with appositive http://grammar.about.com/od/basicsenten ... sitive.htm


Hey thanks! This is good stuff! :-D
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Re: Summative modifiers and Resumptive modifiers [#permalink] New post 12 Sep 2011, 22:54
Hi all,

I need certain clarification on these issues.

1. Appositives are preferred to relative clause.
2. Resumptive modifiers are preferred to relative clauses.

Can we conclude this.


And also,

Regarding modifiers - the relative clause (who,whom,which,that,when)

1. Restrictive clauses modify noun phrases. So, if i encounter that in a sentence then it means that - that modifies the entire noun phrase before it.
In case of non restrictive clauses the wh forms, it means that they modify the noun preceding it.

2. Absolute phrases modify the clause preceding the comma. How far it is preferable when other options are also available.



Please clarify on this. Thanks in advance.
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Re: Summative modifiers and Resumptive modifiers [#permalink] New post 12 Sep 2011, 23:57
DavidArchuleta wrote:
http://grammar.about.com/od/basicsentencegrammar/a/sbabsolutephr.htm
So dogged were Frances Perkins’investigations of the garment industry, and her lobbying for wage and hour reform was persistent, Alfred E. Smith and Franklin D. Roosevelt recruited Perkins to work within the government, rather than as a social worker.

A. and her lobbying for wage and hour reform was persistent,
B. and lobbying for wage and hour reform was persistent, so that
C. her lobbying for wage and hour reform persistent, that
D. lobbying for wage and hour reform was so persistent,
E. so persistent her lobbying for wage and hour reform, that

Does this SC contain Absolute Phrase? Is "so persistent her lobbying for wage and hour reform" an absolute phrase because it has no verb?


I don't know if am wrong.

Absolute phrases are those that modify the entire sentence. But here the absolute phrases modify Frances Perkins investigation rite. Why absolute phrase here. Why not B.

Am totally confused in this regard. Somebody bail me out.
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Re: Summative modifiers and Resumptive modifiers [#permalink] New post 28 Sep 2011, 20:06
DavidArchuleta wrote:
I studied modifiers this morning and found some interesting stuffs.
Read this first: http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/pos ... tml#p35386
Then:
Summative modifier: http://grammar.about.com/od/rs/g/summat ... erterm.htm
A modifier (usually a noun phrase) that appears at the end of a sentence and serves to summarize the idea of the main clause.
Here are two sentences that contrast relative clauses and summative modifiers. Notice how the which in the first one feels 'tacked on':
Economic changes have reduced Russian population growth to less than zero which will have serious social implications.
Economic changes have reduced Russian population growth to less than zero, a demographic event that will have serious social implications.
Resumptivie Modifier: http://grammar.about.com/od/rs/g/resump ... erterm.htm
A modifier that repeats a key word at the end of a sentence and then adds informative or descriptive details related to that word.
Since mature writers often use resumptive modifiers to extend a sentence, we need a word to name what I am about to do in this sentence, a sentence that I could have ended at that comma, but extended to show how resumptive modifiers work."
The reader assumes from such messages that the writer has certain doubts, doubts that perhaps others may have, thus connecting, as possible fellow doubters, the writer and the reader.
Building a sentence with appositive http://grammar.about.com/od/basicsenten ... sitive.htm


David, Thanks for sharing these articles.
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Re: Summative modifiers and Resumptive modifiers   [#permalink] 28 Sep 2011, 20:06
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