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I wanted to know when to use -ing and when that ... as

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I wanted to know when to use -ing and when that ... as [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2006, 01:57
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I wanted to know when to use -ing and when that ... as illustrated in following examples:

Among lower- paid workers, union members are less likely than non union members to be enrolled in lower- end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.
a). imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend
b). imposing stricter limits on medical services , requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
c). that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
d). that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, and spending
e). that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending


One of Ronald Reagan’s first acts as President was to rescind President Carter’s directive that any chemical banned on medical grounds in the United States be prohibited from sale to other countries.
(A) that any chemical banned on medical grounds in the United States be prohibited from sale to other countries
(B) that any chemical be prohibited from sale to other countries that was banned on medical grounds in the United States
(C) prohibiting the sale to other countries of any chemical banned on medical grounds in the United States
(D) prohibiting that any chemical banned on medical grounds in the United States is sold to other countries
(E) that any chemical banned in the United States on medical grounds is prohibited from being sold to other countries
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New post 06 Sep 2006, 02:09
First sentence: that...

Second: -ing....

Cannot explain :)

Second sentence -ing is pretty straight forward since all the other choices are very clearly incorrect....
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New post 06 Sep 2006, 03:22
The Second one is an -ing bcos directive does not take that after the word.
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New post 06 Sep 2006, 04:34
Can anyone explain...even i face such prolem..is there any rule or so..
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New post 06 Sep 2006, 04:54
not sure i can explain this succinctly.... but imposing in my experience is used as a description, e.g. :

The 7 foot doorman was imposing.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were an imposing sight.

imposed is the verb:

The Central Bank imposed stricter reserve requirements in an attempt to constrain excessive liquidity.
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New post 06 Sep 2006, 08:06
Q1 Refer here:
http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=34523
Q2 Refer here:
http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=33553
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New post 11 Sep 2006, 02:12
According to United States Air Force officials, a cannon shooting dead chickens at airplanes has proved helpful to demonstrate what kind of damage can result when jets fly into a flock of large birds.
(A) shooting dead chickens at airplanes has proved helpful to demonstrate
(D) that shoots dead chickens at airplanes proves itself helpful to demonstrate
(E) that shoots dead chickens at airplanes has proved helpful in demonstrating
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New post 13 Sep 2006, 00:27
kripalkavi wrote:
quasars wrote:
According to United States Air Force officials, a cannon shooting dead chickens at airplanes has proved helpful to demonstrate what kind of damage can result when jets fly into a flock of large birds.
(A) shooting dead chickens at airplanes has proved helpful to demonstrate
(D) that shoots dead chickens at airplanes proves itself helpful to demonstrate
(E) that shoots dead chickens at airplanes has proved helpful in demonstrating


E?


I think what need to be addressed is the usage of 'that' and '-ing' form, only then we can differentiate between the two.
'that' is restrictive, which means it restricts us to a particular thing. In this case that restricts cannon toa particualr kind of cannon.
Now I think -ing represents a verb in an ongoing sense or a noun in case of gerund, what do you think.
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New post 13 Sep 2006, 00:40
quasars wrote:
kripalkavi wrote:
quasars wrote:
According to United States Air Force officials, a cannon shooting dead chickens at airplanes has proved helpful to demonstrate what kind of damage can result when jets fly into a flock of large birds.
(A) shooting dead chickens at airplanes has proved helpful to demonstrate
(D) that shoots dead chickens at airplanes proves itself helpful to demonstrate
(E) that shoots dead chickens at airplanes has proved helpful in demonstrating


E?


I think what need to be addressed is the usage of 'that' and '-ing' form, only then we can differentiate between the two.
'that' is restrictive, which means it restricts us to a particular thing. In this case that restricts cannon toa particualr kind of cannon.
Now I think -ing represents a verb in an ongoing sense or a noun in case of gerund, what do you think.


Hmmm...I agree with you on the use of 'that'.
I'm still not conviced with the explanation for '-ing' though. Can anybody clear this up for us?
  [#permalink] 13 Sep 2006, 00:40
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