If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and : GMAT Problem Solving (PS)
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# If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and

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If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2004, 14:19
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If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and 13 men and 24 women can do it in 4 days, how long will 7 men and 10 women take to do it?

(A) 4.2 days
(B) 6.8 days
(C) 8.3 days
(D) 9.8 days
(E) 10.2 days
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2004, 17:16
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If you solve the two equations:

12M + 16W = 5
13M + 24W = 4

and then plug M and W into

7M + 10W = X,

X should be the amount of days.

Thats too much math for me, and the numbers don't look too clean either.
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Re: If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2004, 17:18
Wow, this is an insane problem. I wonder if someone can come up with a quick solution but it took me a long time to figure it out. Too much calculation. I came up with 1452/175 days or about 8.3 days.

1) M/12 + W/16 = 5
2) M/13 + W/24 = 4

Multiply second line by -3/2 to eliminate variable W:
2) -3M/26 - W/16 = -6

Add up line 1 and 2:
M/12 - 3M/26 = 5 - 6
(-18 + 13)M/156 = -1
-5M = -156
M = 156/5

Now plug in second equation to get W:
156/65 + W/24 = 4
12/5 + W/24 = 20/5
W/24 = 8/5
W = 192/5

Plug in back to the question asked:
M/7 + W/10 = X
156/(5*7) + 192/(5*10) = X
156/35 + 96/25 = X
(672+780)/175 = X
X = 1452/175 = approx 8.3 days

Will certainly not be on the GMAT.
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Re: If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2004, 17:24
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Here is how it is solved:

5(12 M + 16 W) = 4(13 M + 24 W)
60M + 80W = 52M + 96W

That gives, 8M = 16W, which is , 1M=2W

Now, 12 M + 16W can do work in 5 days.
So, 12 M + 8 M can do work in 5 days.
So, 20M can do work in 5 days.

Now, 7M + 10W = 7M + 5M = 12 M

Hence, if 20M can do work in 5 days, 12M can do work in (20*5)/12 = 8.33 days.
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Re: If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2004, 17:35
These are some the toughest problems that I have. I do have the solutions, but I am throwing them out in the hope that somebody can come up with a simpler solution as well as to challenge people.
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Re: If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2014, 23:24
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Here is how I solved it:

Create two equations based on the information given. Start from the basics. Each man can do 1/x work per day and each woman can to 1/y work per day. If we have 12 men and 16 women, then in total they can do 12/x work per day and 16/y work per day together. We also know that they can do the work together in 5 days. So in 1 day, how much of the job did they finish? 1/5 or 20%. Repeat this logic to create the second formula.
12/x + 16/y = 1/5
13/x + 24/y = 1/4

Solve for common denominators in each formula:
12y+16x=((xy)^2)/5
13y+24x=((xy)^2)/4

Multiply by denominator of fraction in each formula to get nice numbers. Since both would equal the same variable, make them equal to each other:
60y+80x=52y+96x
8y=16x
y=2x

Plug y=2x into the first equation to get:
12/x+16/2x=1/5
12/x+8/x=1/5
20/x=1/5
x=100

If x=100 and y=2x, y=200

Now in the original equation, it asks us how long 7 men and 10 women can do the work. We can create the following formula, similar to what we did in the first step. This formula tells us that in one day 7 men and 10 women can do X% of the job. We can simply take the reciprocal of the fraction to get the number of days the job will be completed in:
7/x+10/y=1/z (we want to solve for z)
7/100+10/200=1/z
7/100+5/100=1/z
12/100=1/z
z=100/12 or 8.33

Last edited by psal on 16 Jan 2014, 12:36, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2014, 02:57
smcgrath12 wrote:
If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and 13 men and 24 women can do it in 4 days, how long will 7 men and 10 women take to do it?

Similar questions to practice:

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if-w-women-can-do-a-job-in-d-days-then-how-many-days-will-83771.html
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Re: If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2014, 20:37
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smcgrath12 wrote:
If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and 13 men and 24 women can do it in 4 days, how long will 7 men and 10 women take to do it?

You will often be able to ballpark or find the exact solution by just working on the multiples of the given equations.

Say rate of work of each man is M and that of each woman is W.

Given: 12M + 16W = 1/5 (Combined rate done per day)
______3M + 4W = 1/20 (in lowest terms) ...........(I)
Given: 13M + 24W = 1/4 ......................................(II)

Reqd: 7M + 10W = ?

Using equations (I) and (II) we need to find the sum of 7M and 10W. We can get a multiple of 7M in various ways:
(3M + 4W = 1/20) * 5 gives 15M + 20W = 1/4
Adding this to equation II, we get 28M + 44W = 1/2
7M + 11W = 1/8

7 men and 11 women complete the work in 8 days. 7 men and 10 women will take a little more than 8 days to complete the work. If you do get such a question in GMAT, you will easily be able to manipulate the equations to get the desired equation. Finding the values of M and W is way too painful to interest GMAT.
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Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Intern Joined: 05 Mar 2014 Posts: 9 Schools: Ross '18 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 275 Re: If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and [#permalink] ### Show Tags 11 Mar 2014, 17:15 My answer is 8.33 days. Here is the way I`ve done: (1) - 12M (Men) + 16W (Woman) = 100 (The amount of work) in 5 days, or 20/day (2) - 13M + 24W = 100 in 4 days, or 25/day Now, to find M, You do: (1)*3 = 36M + 48W = 60/day (2)*-2 = -26M - 48W = -50/day Now You subtract one from the other: 10M = 10 => 1M = 1/day then, on (1), 12*1 + 16W = 20 16W = 8 => W = 1/2. Finally: 7M + 10W = 100 in: 7*1 + 10*(1/2) = 12. 100/12 = 8.33 SVP Status: The Best Or Nothing Joined: 27 Dec 2012 Posts: 1858 Location: India Concentration: General Management, Technology WE: Information Technology (Computer Software) Followers: 47 Kudos [?]: 1928 [3] , given: 193 Re: If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and [#permalink] ### Show Tags 13 Mar 2014, 18:59 3 This post received KUDOS Let a man do $$\frac{1}{x}$$ work per day and each woman do $$\frac{1}{y}$$ work per day $$\frac{12}{x} + \frac{16}{y} = \frac{1}{5}............$$(1) $$\frac{13}{x} +\frac{24}{y} = \frac{1}{4}$$ ............ (2) Multiply (1) by 3 & (2) by 2 $$\frac{36}{x} + \frac{48}{y} = \frac{3}{5}$$ ....... (3) $$\frac{26}{x} + \frac{48}{y} = \frac{1}{2}$$ ........ (4) Equation (3) - (4) $$\frac{10}{x} = \frac{1}{10}$$ x = 100 y = 200 We require to find z; substituting the values $$\frac{7}{x}+\frac{10}{y}= \frac{1}{z}$$ $$\frac{7}{100}+ \frac{10}{200} = \frac{1}{z}$$ $$\frac{7}{100}+ \frac{5}{100} = \frac{1}{z}$$ $$\frac{12}{100} = \frac{1}{z}$$ $$z = \frac{100}{12} = 8.33 = Answer$$ _________________ Kindly press "+1 Kudos" to appreciate GMAT Club Legend Joined: 09 Sep 2013 Posts: 13416 Followers: 575 Kudos [?]: 163 [0], given: 0 Re: If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and [#permalink] ### Show Tags 18 May 2015, 00:39 Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot! Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos). Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email. _________________ Manager Joined: 12 Oct 2014 Posts: 66 Location: India Concentration: Finance, General Management GMAT 1: 550 Q44 V21 WE: Analyst (Investment Banking) Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 12 [1] , given: 241 Re: If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and [#permalink] ### Show Tags 28 Jul 2015, 21:49 1 This post received KUDOS 3 This post was BOOKMARKED smcgrath12 wrote: Here is how it is solved: 5(12 M + 16 W) = 4(13 M + 24 W) 60M + 80W = 52M + 96W That gives, 8M = 16W, which is , 1M=2W Now, 12 M + 16W can do work in 5 days. So, 12 M + 8 M can do work in 5 days. So, 20M can do work in 5 days. Now, 7M + 10W = 7M + 5M = 12 M Hence, if 20M can do work in 5 days, 12M can do work in (20*5)/12 = 8.33 days. Often we forget that amount of work is always same, until stated explicitly. Excellent approach. Thanks, Gaurav Intern Joined: 11 Apr 2016 Posts: 39 Location: India WE: Business Development (Computer Software) Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 3 Re: If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and [#permalink] ### Show Tags 04 Jul 2016, 21:58 An easier way to do it with simple equations : Let rate of work for men be M and women be W The 2 equations we get are : 12M + 16W = 1/5 ..... (1) 13M + 24 W = 1/4......(2) Now notice 16W could be converted to 24W by multiplying it with 3/2. Hence multiply statement 1 by 3/2 18M + 24W = 3/10 13M + 24W = 1/4 Now subtract both equations and we get value of M = 1/100 Substitute value of M in equation 1 we get value of W = 1/200 Use M & W values to find value of 7 M + 10 W => 1 = (7/100 + 20/100) * T T = 200/24 = 8.3 days Senior Manager Joined: 07 Dec 2014 Posts: 490 Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 80 [0], given: 2 Re: If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and [#permalink] ### Show Tags 17 Jul 2016, 20:31 let d=number of days needed let m=rate of 1 man per 1 day w=rate of 1 woman per 1 day 5(12m+16w)=4(13m+24w) m=2w substituting, d(7m+5m)=5(12m+8m) d=8.3 days VP Joined: 08 Jul 2010 Posts: 1440 Location: India GMAT: INSIGHT WE: Education (Education) Followers: 68 Kudos [?]: 1405 [0], given: 42 Re: If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and [#permalink] ### Show Tags 29 Aug 2016, 09:22 smcgrath12 wrote: If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and 13 men and 24 women can do it in 4 days, how long will 7 men and 10 women take to do it? (A) 4.2 days (B) 6.8 days (C) 8.3 days (D) 9.8 days (E) 10.2 days Answer: Option C Please find solution as attached. Attachments File comment: www.GMATinsight.com Sol4.jpg [ 107.01 KiB | Viewed 3643 times ] _________________ Prosper!!! GMATinsight Bhoopendra Singh and Dr.Sushma Jha e-mail: info@GMATinsight.com Call us : +91-9999687183 / 9891333772 http://www.GMATinsight.com/testimonials.html Feel free to give a Kudos if it is a useful post . Manager Joined: 17 Aug 2015 Posts: 91 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 143 Re: If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and [#permalink] ### Show Tags 29 Aug 2016, 10:27 If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and 13 men and 24 women can do it in 4 days, how long will 7 men and 10 women take to do it? (A) 4.2 days (B) 6.8 days (C) 8.3 days (D) 9.8 days (E) 10.2 days We can solve this using algebra but as others have noted doing this on GMAT may not be feasible. So I thought about an intuitive explanation and so forum members let me know if you concur. So we have 13 Men and 24 Women who together will finish the task in 4 days (per the prompt). Now if we reduce women and men by half. The task is going to take twice the time. We see that we reduce Men to 7 (reduce by slightly less than half 6/13) and Women to 10 (reduce by slightly more than half 14/24 = 7/12). So my time would have nearly doubled. 9.8 is next nearest to 8 , but that would imply that time required has become 2.5 times. 8.8 is a good guess using this reasoning and turns out to be the correct answer. Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 7118 Location: Pune, India Followers: 2129 Kudos [?]: 13625 [0], given: 222 Re: If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and [#permalink] ### Show Tags 30 Aug 2016, 00:22 ajdse22 wrote: If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and 13 men and 24 women can do it in 4 days, how long will 7 men and 10 women take to do it? (A) 4.2 days (B) 6.8 days (C) 8.3 days (D) 9.8 days (E) 10.2 days We can solve this using algebra but as others have noted doing this on GMAT may not be feasible. So I thought about an intuitive explanation and so forum members let me know if you concur. So we have 13 Men and 24 Women who together will finish the task in 4 days (per the prompt). Now if we reduce women and men by half. The task is going to take twice the time. We see that we reduce Men to 7 (reduce by slightly less than half 6/13) and Women to 10 (reduce by slightly more than half 14/24 = 7/12). So my time would have nearly doubled. 9.8 is next nearest to 8 , but that would imply that time required has become 2.5 times. 8.8 is a good guess using this reasoning and turns out to be the correct answer. Nothing wrong with the solution but I would be a little uncomfortable making this approximation. If I know the approximate relation between that the rate of work of men and women, then perhaps I will have an easier time making these assumptions. _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

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Re: If 12 men and 16 women can do a piece of work in 5 days and   [#permalink] 30 Aug 2016, 00:22
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