If 3^(6x) = 8,100, what is the value of [3^(x-1)]^3? : GMAT Problem Solving (PS)
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# If 3^(6x) = 8,100, what is the value of [3^(x-1)]^3?

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If 3^(6x) = 8,100, what is the value of [3^(x-1)]^3? [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2010, 02:51
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If 3^(6x) = 8,100, what is the value of [3^(x-1)]^3?

A. 90
B. 30
C. 10
D. 10/3
E. 10/9
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Bunuel on 16 May 2013, 07:57, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Anything Wrong in this problem??? Can anyone dare to solve? [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2010, 03:10
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amitjash wrote:
If 3^6x = 8,100, what is the value of (3^x – 1)^3 ?

A. 90
B. 30
C. 10
D. 10/3
E. 10/9

Please when posting such questions make sure that it's not ambiguous.

Correct question is: If 3^(6x) = 8,100, what is the value of [3^(x-1)]^3?
Or it can be written using the formating as: If $$3^{6x}=8,100$$, what is the value of $$(3^{x-1})^3$$? (It's not hard at all).

$$3^{6x}=(3^{3x})^2=90^2=8,100$$ --> $$3^{3x}=90$$.

$$(3^{x-1})^3= 3^{3x-3}=\frac{3^{3x}}{3^3}=\frac{90}{27}=\frac{10}{3}$$.

Check Number Theory chapter of Math Book for exponents (link in my signature).
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Re: Anything Wrong in this problem??? Can anyone dare to solve? [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2010, 07:18
Excellent. No a side note, Bunuel, I started approaching this using the "power of prime in a number" - I had seen the link somewhere which had the formula N/p + N/p^2+N/p^3... until N>p^x and thought of equating that to 6x and solve thus. I know yours is much simpler. However would that approach have worked? Is that formula exactly saying what is the highest power of the prime in the number?
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Re: Anything Wrong in this problem??? Can anyone dare to solve? [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2010, 07:41
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mainhoon wrote:
Excellent. No a side note, Bunuel, I started approaching this using the "power of prime in a number" - I had seen the link somewhere which had the formula N/p + N/p^2+N/p^3... until N>p^x and thought of equating that to 6x and solve thus. I know yours is much simpler. However would that approach have worked? Is that formula exactly saying what is the highest power of the prime in the number?

No need to complicate simple questions.

The formula is correct (everything-about-factorials-on-the-gmat-85592.html) but it has nothing to do with this problem, (highest power of 3 in 81,000 won't be equal to 6x, because 3^(6x)=81,000=2^m*3^n*5^k, so as 81,000 has other factors than 3 in it then 6x won't be an integer at all).
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Re: Anything Wrong in this problem??? Can anyone dare to solve? [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2010, 07:56
When I think some more, I don't think we can use that formula. Isn't that formula for factorials - (a) N! not N and (b) as you rightly pointed out it would result in a fraction for 6x, not integer.

For 3^(3x) = 90, if I wanted to solve it, it is clear than x is fractional. So is the answer basically taking logarithms? Any other way?
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05 Dec 2010, 18:56
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ajit257 wrote:
Q11:
If 3^6x = 8,100, what is the value of 3^((x – 1)3) ?
3
A. 90
B. 30
C. 10
D. 10/3
E. 10/9

In a question such as this where you have $$3^{6x} = 8100$$ where 8100 is not a perfect sixth power but the options do not have irrational numbers, you should immediately go and analyze what is asked. You will not need to solve for x. You will end up using either $$3^{6x} = 8100$$ or $$3^{3x} = 90$$
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10 May 2011, 03:20
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If 3^(6x) = 8,100, what is the value of (3^(x – 1))^3 ?

A. 90
B. 30
C. 10
D. 10/3
E. 10/9

Last edited by IEsailor on 10 May 2011, 03:44, edited 1 time in total.
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10 May 2011, 03:41
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IEsailor wrote:
If 3^(6x) = 8,100, what is the value of (3^(x – 1))^3 ?

A. 90
B. 30
C. 10
D. 3/10
E. 9/10

Something wrong with the answer choices. One of them has to be 10/3.

Given that 3^(6x) = 8,100, we need to find (3^(x – 1))^3 , which is same as 3^(3x-3) or (3^3x)/27

Since 3^(6x) = 8,100, 3^3x = 90

So, value of given expression is 90/27 = 10/3
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10 May 2011, 03:45
My apologies ..Have edited the answer choices
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10 May 2011, 03:46
BeyondGmatscore understood the explanation very well. Thanks for the help
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10 May 2011, 04:47
3^(6x) = 8,100

=> (3^3x)^2 = 8100

=> 3^3x = 90

(3^(x – 1))^3 = (3^x/3))^3 = 3^3x/3^3

= 90/3^3 = 10/3

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10 May 2011, 05:36
If 3^(6x) = 8,100, what is the value of (3^(x – 1))^3 ?

[3^(x-1)]^3 = 3^3x * 3^(-3) = 3^3x * 1/27

3^(6x) = [3^(3x)]^2 = 8100
3^(3x) = 90

thus, 90/27 =10/3
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Re: Anything Wrong in this problem??? Can anyone dare to solve? [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2013, 19:09
Bunuel wrote:
amitjash wrote:
If 3^6x = 8,100, what is the value of (3^x – 1)^3 ?

A. 90
B. 30
C. 10
D. 10/3
E. 10/9

Please when posting such questions make sure that it's not ambiguous.

Correct question is: If 3^(6x) = 8,100, what is the value of [3^(x-1)]^3?
Or it can be written using the formating as: If $$3^{6x}=8,100$$, what is the value of $$(3^{x-1})^3$$? (It's not hard at all).

$$3^{6x}=(3^{3x})^2=90^2=8,100$$ --> $$3^{3x}=90$$.

$$(3^{x-1})^3= 3^{3x-3}=\frac{3^{3x}}{3^3}=\frac{90}{27}=\frac{10}{3}$$.

Check Number Theory chapter of Math Book for exponents (link in my signature).

Hi Bunnel,

Please point out the mistake in this approach. Why am I not getting correct answer by this method.

3^6x=8100=3^4*2^2*5^2
=> 6x=4, as all nos are primes
=> x= 2/3

Now, 3^(3*(x-1)) = 3^(3*(-1/3)) = 3^(-1) = 1/3.

Still based on denominator I chose D.
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Re: Anything Wrong in this problem??? Can anyone dare to solve? [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2013, 03:13
cumulonimbus wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
amitjash wrote:
If 3^6x = 8,100, what is the value of (3^x – 1)^3 ?

A. 90
B. 30
C. 10
D. 10/3
E. 10/9

Please when posting such questions make sure that it's not ambiguous.

Correct question is: If 3^(6x) = 8,100, what is the value of [3^(x-1)]^3?
Or it can be written using the formating as: If $$3^{6x}=8,100$$, what is the value of $$(3^{x-1})^3$$? (It's not hard at all).

$$3^{6x}=(3^{3x})^2=90^2=8,100$$ --> $$3^{3x}=90$$.

$$(3^{x-1})^3= 3^{3x-3}=\frac{3^{3x}}{3^3}=\frac{90}{27}=\frac{10}{3}$$.

Check Number Theory chapter of Math Book for exponents (link in my signature).

Hi Bunnel,

Please point out the mistake in this approach. Why am I not getting correct answer by this method.

3^6x=8100=3^4*2^2*5^2
=> 6x=4, as all nos are primes
=> x= 2/3

Now, 3^(3*(x-1)) = 3^(3*(-1/3)) = 3^(-1) = 1/3.

Still based on denominator I chose D.

From 3^6x=8100=3^4*2^2*5^2 we cannot say that 6x=4 --> 3^4=8100=3^4*2^2*5^2 --> 1=2^2*5^2 which is not correct.
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Re: If 3^(6x) = 8,100, what is the value of [3^(x-1)]^3? [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2014, 22:38
3^6x = 8100

3^3x . 3^3x = 90 . 90

3^3x = 90

Divide both sides by 27

$$3^(3x-3)$$ = 90/27

\frac{{3^(x-1)}^3[}{fraction] = [fraction]10/3} = Answer = C
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Re: If 3^(6x) = 8,100, what is the value of [3^(x-1)]^3? [#permalink]

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Re: PS - Exponents   [#permalink] 30 Nov 2016, 22:51
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