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If 6xy = x^2*y + 9y, what is the value of xy?

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If 6xy = x^2*y + 9y, what is the value of xy? [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2007, 15:20
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A
B
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D
E

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Question Stats:

26% (02:30) correct 74% (01:38) wrong based on 302 sessions
If 6xy = x^2*y + 9y, what is the value of xy?

(1) y – x = 3

(2) x^3 < 0
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Bunuel on 06 Jul 2014, 10:09, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question and added the OA.
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Re: If 6xy = x^2*y + 9y, what is the value of xy? [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2007, 15:52
ArvGMAT wrote:
If 6xy = x2y + 9y, what is the value of xy?

(1) y – x = 3
(2) x3 < 0


if (x2y) in (6xy = x2y + 9y) is x^2y, x can not be -ve.

6xy = x^2 + 9y
6xy = y (x^2 + 9)
x^2 - 6x + 9 = 0
(x - 3)^2 = 0
so x = 3.

1: y = 6. sufficient.
2: absurd. nsf.

probably A but the question is not a formulated properly.
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Re: If 6xy = x^2*y + 9y, what is the value of xy? [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2007, 18:24
i believe is E, because the question can be solved without a or b
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Re: If 6xy = x^2*y + 9y, what is the value of xy? [#permalink] New post 05 Jun 2013, 04:13
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The equation in question can be rephrased as follows:
x^2 y – 6xy + 9y = 0


y(x^2 –6x+9)=0

y(x–3)^2=0

Therefore, one or both of the following must be true: y = 0 or
x=3
It follows that the product xy must equal either 0 or 3y. This question can therefore be rephrased “What is y?”

(1) INSUFFICIENT: This equation cannot be manipulated or combined with the original equation to solve directly for x or y. Instead, plug the two possible scenarios from the original equation into the equation from this statement:

If x = 3, then y = 3 + x = 3 + 3 = 6, so xy = (3)(6) = 18. If y = 0, then x = y – 3 = 0 – 3 = -3, so xy = (-3)(0) = 0.
Since there are two possible answers, this statement is not sufficient.

(2) SUFFICIENT: If x3 < 0, then x < 0. Therefore, x cannot equal 3, and it follows that y = 0. Therefore, xy = 0.

Ans B

Please someone confirm on the solution, if the approach is correct
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Re: If 6xy = x^2*y + 9y, what is the value of xy? [#permalink] New post 05 Jun 2013, 04:25
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Manhnip wrote:
The equation in question can be rephrased as follows:
x^2 y – 6xy + 9y = 0


y(x^2 –6x+9)=0

y(x–3)^2=0

Therefore, one or both of the following must be true: y = 0 or
x=3
It follows that the product xy must equal either 0 or 3y. This question can therefore be rephrased “What is y?”

(1) INSUFFICIENT: This equation cannot be manipulated or combined with the original equation to solve directly for x or y. Instead, plug the two possible scenarios from the original equation into the equation from this statement:

If x = 3, then y = 3 + x = 3 + 3 = 6, so xy = (3)(6) = 18. If y = 0, then x = y – 3 = 0 – 3 = -3, so xy = (-3)(0) = 0.
Since there are two possible answers, this statement is not sufficient.

(2) SUFFICIENT: If x3 < 0, then x < 0. Therefore, x cannot equal 3, and it follows that y = 0. Therefore, xy = 0.

Ans B

Please someone confirm on the solution, if the approach is correct


Yes, that's correct.

If 6xy = x^2y + 9y, what is the value of xy?

6xy=x^2y + 9y --> y(x^2-6x+9)=0 --> y(x-3)^2=0 --> either x=3 or y=0 (or both).

(1) y – x = 3. If y=0 and x=-3, then xy=0 but if x=3 and y=6, then xy=18. Not sufficient.

(2) x^3 < 0 --> x<0 --> x\neq{3}, then y=0 and xy=0. Sufficient.

Answer: B.

Similar question to practice: if-6xy-x-2y-9y-what-is-the-value-of-xy-106556.html

Hope it helps.
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Re: If 6xy = x^2*y + 9y, what is the value of xy? [#permalink] New post 19 Jun 2014, 02:10
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Re: If 6xy = x^2*y + 9y, what is the value of xy? [#permalink] New post 06 Jul 2014, 06:34
Bunuel wrote:
Manhnip wrote:
The equation in question can be rephrased as follows:
x^2 y – 6xy + 9y = 0


y(x^2 –6x+9)=0

y(x–3)^2=0

Therefore, one or both of the following must be true: y = 0 or
x=3
It follows that the product xy must equal either 0 or 3y. This question can therefore be rephrased “What is y?”

(1) INSUFFICIENT: This equation cannot be manipulated or combined with the original equation to solve directly for x or y. Instead, plug the two possible scenarios from the original equation into the equation from this statement:

If x = 3, then y = 3 + x = 3 + 3 = 6, so xy = (3)(6) = 18. If y = 0, then x = y – 3 = 0 – 3 = -3, so xy = (-3)(0) = 0.
Since there are two possible answers, this statement is not sufficient.

(2) SUFFICIENT: If x3 < 0, then x < 0. Therefore, x cannot equal 3, and it follows that y = 0. Therefore, xy = 0.

Ans B

Please someone confirm on the solution, if the approach is correct


Yes, that's correct.

If 6xy = x^2y + 9y, what is the value of xy?

6xy=x^2y + 9y --> y(x^2-6x+9)=0 --> y(x-3)^2=0 --> either x=3 or y=0 (or both).

(1) y – x = 3. If y=0 and x=-3, then xy=0 but if x=3 and y=6, then xy=18. Not sufficient.

(2) x^3 < 0 --> x<0 --> x\neq{3}, then y=0 and xy=0. Sufficient.

Answer: B.

Similar question to practice: if-6xy-x-2y-9y-what-is-the-value-of-xy-106556.html

Hope it helps.



Aaah this formatting.. I read the stem as x^(2y) and was totally stuck. Can this ambiguity in notation come in actual test ? I would have expected a bracket or at the least correct ordering like 6xy = yx^2
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Re: If 6xy = x^2*y + 9y, what is the value of xy? [#permalink] New post 06 Jul 2014, 10:12
Expert's post
himanshujovi wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Manhnip wrote:
The equation in question can be rephrased as follows:
x^2 y – 6xy + 9y = 0


y(x^2 –6x+9)=0

y(x–3)^2=0

Therefore, one or both of the following must be true: y = 0 or
x=3
It follows that the product xy must equal either 0 or 3y. This question can therefore be rephrased “What is y?”

(1) INSUFFICIENT: This equation cannot be manipulated or combined with the original equation to solve directly for x or y. Instead, plug the two possible scenarios from the original equation into the equation from this statement:

If x = 3, then y = 3 + x = 3 + 3 = 6, so xy = (3)(6) = 18. If y = 0, then x = y – 3 = 0 – 3 = -3, so xy = (-3)(0) = 0.
Since there are two possible answers, this statement is not sufficient.

(2) SUFFICIENT: If x3 < 0, then x < 0. Therefore, x cannot equal 3, and it follows that y = 0. Therefore, xy = 0.

Ans B

Please someone confirm on the solution, if the approach is correct


Yes, that's correct.

If 6xy = x^2y + 9y, what is the value of xy?

6xy=x^2y + 9y --> y(x^2-6x+9)=0 --> y(x-3)^2=0 --> either x=3 or y=0 (or both).

(1) y – x = 3. If y=0 and x=-3, then xy=0 but if x=3 and y=6, then xy=18. Not sufficient.

(2) x^3 < 0 --> x<0 --> x\neq{3}, then y=0 and xy=0. Sufficient.

Answer: B.

Similar question to practice: if-6xy-x-2y-9y-what-is-the-value-of-xy-106556.html

Hope it helps.



Aaah this formatting.. I read the stem as x^(2y) and was totally stuck. Can this ambiguity in notation come in actual test ? I would have expected a bracket or at the least correct ordering like 6xy = yx^2


Edited the original post to avoid such confusions in future.

By the way x^2y means x^2*y. If it were x^{2y} it would be written x^(2y). But don't worry on the actual test the formatting will be clearer.

Hope it helps.
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Re: If 6xy = x^2*y + 9y, what is the value of xy? [#permalink] New post 06 Jul 2014, 20:23
Bunnuel,

Why is it wrong to divide the original equation by y? Since dividing the equation by y gives you x^2-6x+9=0 which gives you x=3, then statement 1 is sufficient to give you the value of y and therefore give you the value of xy as 18.

Statement 2 is not consistent with the original equation as it shows x^3<0 which is not possible (x=3, so 3^3=27) and is therefore insufficient.
Therefore, answer should be A.

Or is it that only because statement 2 is inconsistent with the original equation and therefore we need to try a different approach?
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Re: If 6xy = x^2*y + 9y, what is the value of xy? [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2014, 00:06
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ravih wrote:
Bunnuel,

Why is it wrong to divide the original equation by y? Since dividing the equation by y gives you x^2-6x+9=0 which gives you x=3, then statement 1 is sufficient to give you the value of y and therefore give you the value of xy as 18.

Statement 2 is not consistent with the original equation as it shows x^3<0 which is not possible (x=3, so 3^3=27) and is therefore insufficient.
Therefore, answer should be A.

Or is it that only because statement 2 is inconsistent with the original equation and therefore we need to try a different approach?


If you divide (reduce) 6xy = x^2*y + 9y by y, you assume, with no ground for it, that y does not equal to zero thus exclude a possible solution (notice that both y = 0 AND x = 3 satisfy the equation).

Never reduce equation by variable (or expression with variable), if you are not certain that variable (or expression with variable) doesn't equal to zero. We can not divide by zero.
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COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

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Re: If 6xy = x^2*y + 9y, what is the value of xy? [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2014, 00:09
Thats an important lesson! thanks Bunuel!
Re: If 6xy = x^2*y + 9y, what is the value of xy?   [#permalink] 07 Jul 2014, 00:09
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