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If a and b are two-digit positive integers greater than 10

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If a and b are two-digit positive integers greater than 10 [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2014, 04:03
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If a and b are two-digit positive integers greater than 10, is the remainder when a is divided by 11 less than the remainder when b is divided by 11?

(1) The remainder when a is divided by 69 is the fifth power of a prime number

(2) The remainder when b is divided by 12 is b

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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If a and b are two-digit positive integers greater than 10 [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2014, 04:03
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SOLUTION

If a and b are two-digit positive integers greater than 10, is the remainder when a is divided by 11 less than the remainder when b is divided by 11?

First of all, note that the remainder when a positive integer is divided by 11 could be 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 or 10.

(1) The remainder when a is divided by 69 is the fifth power of a prime number:

a=69q+prime^5 and prime^5<69 (the remainder must be less than the divisor). The only prime number whose fifth power is less than 69 is 2: (2^5=32) < 69. So, we have that a=69q+32: 32, 101, 170, ... Since a is a two-digit integer, then a=32.

Now, a=32 divided by 11 gives the remainder of 10. Since 10 is the maximum remainder possible when divided by 11, then this remainder cannot be less then the remainder when b is divided by 11 (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 or 10). So, the answer to the question is NO.

Sufficient.

(2) The remainder when b is divided by 12 is b:

The remainder must be less than the divisor, hence b must be less than 12 and since we are told that b is a two-digit integers greater than 10, then b must be 11.

Now, b=11 divided by 11 gives the remainder of 0. Since 0 is the minimum remainder possible, than the remainder when a is divided by 11 cannot possible be less than 0. So, the answer to the question is NO.

Sufficient.

Answer: D.

Try NEW remainders PS question.
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Re: If a and b are two-digit positive integers greater than 10 [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2014, 05:14
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Bunuel wrote:


If a and b are two-digit positive integers greater than 10, is the remainder when a is divided by 11 less than the remainder when b is divided by 11?

(1) The remainder when a is divided by 69 is the fifth power of a prime number

(2) The remainder when b is divided by 12 is b

Kudos for a correct solution.



a=11x+r1
b=11y+r2

now question is is r1>r2

st.1 : a=69k+p^5

p is a prime number and its fifth value is the remainder.

if p=2 then P^5 =32
if p=3 then P^5 = 243 which is not possible (remainder cannot be greater than the divisor)
hence p=2
a=69k+32
also, as per the question 'a' is two digit number therefore, k=0 hence a=32 ( when k=1 value of 'a' becomes a=69+32=101)

but we need to know the value of b to compare the remainders hence statement 1 is not sufficient

st.2 : remainder of b, when b is divided by 12 is only possible if b is less than 12. also, since b is a two digit number therefore possible values of b are 10 and 11. but since b is greater than 10 hence value of b=11

combining 1 and 2
remainder when a=32 is divided by 11 is 10
remainder when b=11 is divided by 11 is 0
clearly r1 is greater than r2

hence answer should be C.
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Re: If a and b are two-digit positive integers greater than 10 [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2014, 07:14
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1) The remainder when a is divided by 69 is the fifth power of a prime number

Let us consider prime numbers - 2, 3 ... . Note that remainder will have a value less than 69
2^5 = 32 -> Possible
3^5 = 243 -> This cannot the remainder

Therefore from 1) , the only possible 2-digit integer that can represent a is => 69*(0)+32 = 32

Note that other numbers are 3 digit numbers eg : 69*1 + 32 = 101

Since, we don't have any information about b , this is insufficient

2) The remainder when b is divided by 12 is b

This implies that the number b itself is less than 12, ranging from 1 - 11 . As B) is a 2-digit +ve integer > 10, the number is 11

Since, we don't have any information about a , this is insufficient


Combining 1) and 2) , we know that a is 32 and b is 11

Therefore, the remainder when a (32) is divided by 11 is 10 => 11*(2) + 10
the remainder when b(11) is divided by 11 is 0


Hence, both the statements together are sufficient to answer this question. C) is the answer
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Re: If a and b are two-digit positive integers greater than 10 [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2014, 07:34
Bunuel wrote:


If a and b are two-digit positive integers greater than 10, is the remainder when a is divided by 11 less than the remainder when b is divided by 11?

(1) The remainder when a is divided by 69 is the fifth power of a prime number

(2) The remainder when b is divided by 12 is b

Kudos for a correct solution.



As per statement 2, B can only be 11. Since 11 divided 11 has a remainder of 0, let A be any value but its remainder when A is divided by 11 can never be less than 0. Hence statement 2 is sufficient.
Statement one is clearly insufficient to ans the question.

Ans=B
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Re: If a and b are two-digit positive integers greater than 10 [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2014, 07:57
I'll bite.

1)rem A/69 = fifth power of a prime number. . . only 2 has a 5th power below 69 (32), so the remainder is 32. 69 + 32 = 101, so A must then be 32, since 32 can be divided by 69 zero times with a remainder of 32. 32/11 = 2 with a remainder of 10. Rem. 10 is the highest possible remainder when dividing by 11, so remainder of B/11 cannot be larger. No is sufficient.

A-D

2)Rem when b/12 = b. B could be 11, causing a remainder of 11, or could be 10 causing a remainder of 10. We know nothing about A from this statement, so it's insufficient.

Therefore, A?

Nvmd - I see my error. . .
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If a and b are two-digit positive integers greater than 10 [#permalink] New post 22 Jun 2014, 03:34
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SOLUTION

If a and b are two-digit positive integers greater than 10, is the remainder when a is divided by 11 less than the remainder when b is divided by 11?

First of all, note that the remainder when a positive integer is divided by 11 could be 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 or 10.

(1) The remainder when a is divided by 69 is the fifth power of a prime number:

a=69q+prime^5 and prime^5<69 (the remainder must be less than the divisor). The only prime number whose fifth power is less than 69 is 2: (2^5=32) < 69. So, we have that a=69q+32: 32, 101, 170, ... Since a is a two-digit integer, then a=32.

Now, a=32 divided by 11 gives the remainder of 10. Since 10 is the maximum remainder possible when divided by 11, then this remainder cannot be less then the remainder when b is divided by 11 (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 or 10). So, the answer to the question is NO.

Sufficient.

(2) The remainder when b is divided by 12 is b:

The remainder must be less than the divisor, hence b must be less than 12 and since we are told that b is a two-digit integers greater than 10, then b must be 11.

Now, b=11 divided by 11 gives the remainder of 0. Since 0 is the minimum remainder possible, than the remainder when a is divided by 11 cannot possible be less than 0. So, the answer to the question is NO.

Sufficient.

Try NEW remainders PS question.
_________________

NEW TO MATH FORUM? PLEASE READ THIS: ALL YOU NEED FOR QUANT!!!

PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 11 Rules for Posting!!!

RESOURCES: [GMAT MATH BOOK]; 1. Triangles; 2. Polygons; 3. Coordinate Geometry; 4. Factorials; 5. Circles; 6. Number Theory; 7. Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets; 9. PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders; 11. GMAT Prep Software Analysis NEW!!!; 12. SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) NEW!!!; 12. Tricky questions from previous years. NEW!!!;

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS ; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: If a and b are two-digit positive integers greater than 10 [#permalink] New post 22 Jun 2014, 03:35
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Re: If a and b are two-digit positive integers greater than 10   [#permalink] 22 Jun 2014, 03:35
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