enigma123 wrote:

If a car traveled from Townsend to Smallville at an average speed of 40 mph and then returned to Townsend later that evening, what was the average speed for the entire trip?

(1) The trip from Townsend to Smallville took 50% longer than the trip from Smallville to Townsend.

(2) The distance from Townsend to Smallville is 165 miles.

How can the answer be A folks?

A couple of basics:

1.

Average Speed = Total Distance/ Total

Time2.

Average Speed = Weighted

Average of different speeds where '

time taken' is the weight

3. If equal distances (say d) are traveled at different speeds, a and b,

average speed = 2d/[d/a + d/b] = 2ab/(a+b)

In this case,

average speed is independent of 'd', the distance.

4. If speeds a and b are maintained for equal

time intervals, say t,

average speed = (at+bt)/2t = (a+b)/2

In this case,

average speed is independent of 't', the

time interval.

Given: Car travels equal distances.

Speed in first case is 40 mph. We need the

speed in the second case to get the

average speed (given by 2*40*b/(40+b))

(1) Ratio of

time in the two cases

T to S: S to T= 3:2

Then ratio of

speed in the two cases = 2:3

We know the

speed from T to S = 40

Then

speed from S to T must be 60

Since we have the value of b (= 60) i.e. the

speed while coming back, we can easily find the

average speed..

Sufficient.

(2) As we discussed, distance traveled doesn't affect

average speed in this case. Not sufficient

Answer (A)

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