Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 20 Aug 2014, 11:09

Flash Sale:

The Economist GMAT Tutor - 15% Off All Courses


Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

If a society encourages freedom of thought and expression,

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 05 May 2003
Posts: 427
Location: Aus
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
If a society encourages freedom of thought and expression, [#permalink] New post 19 Aug 2004, 11:26
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

0% (00:00) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 1 sessions
24. If a society encourages freedom of thought and expression, then, during the time when it does so, creativity will flourish in that society. In the United States creativity flourished, during the eighteenth century. It is clear, therefore, that freedom of thought was encouraged in the United States during the eighteenth century.

An error of reasoning of the same kind as one contained in the passage is present in each of the following arguments EXCEPT:

(A) According to the airline industry, airfares have to rise if air travel is to be made safer; since airfares were just raised, we can rest assured that air travel will therefore become safer.

(B) We can conclude that the Hillside police department has improved its efficiency, because crime rates are down in Hillside, and it is an established fact that crime rates go down when police departments increase their efficiency.

(C) People who are really interested in the preservation of wildlife obviously do not go hunting for big game; since Gerda has never gone hunting for big game and intends never gone hunting for big game and intends never to do so. it is clear that she is really interested in the preservation of wildlife.

(D) If the contents of a bottle are safe to drink, the bottle will not be marked "position" so, since the bottle is not marked "poison", its contents will be safe to drink.

(E) None of the so-called Western democracies is really democratic, because, for a country to be democratic, the opinion of each of its citizens must have a meaningful effect on government, and in none of these countries does each citizen's opinion have such an effect.

Please explain
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 16 Jun 2004
Posts: 893
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 19 Aug 2004, 11:50
B is the only exception - others seem to agree the logic, IF A then B, when B then A is the cause.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Jul 2004
Posts: 274
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 19 Aug 2004, 13:03
The argument pushes forth a premise.

A -> B

and assumes B to conlude A. this is invalid

in E, None of the so-called Western democracies is really democratic, because, for a country to be democratic, the opinion of each of its citizens must have a meaningful effect on government, and in none of these countries does each citizen's opinion have such an effect.

Democratic -> opinon of all

and says NOT option hence NOT democratic.

E. is actually valid, and is not a flawed argument.

E
GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
Joined: 07 Jul 2004
Posts: 5097
Location: Singapore
Followers: 17

Kudos [?]: 136 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 19 Aug 2004, 18:21
(B) it is. The rest of the choices follows the logic. Although on surface (B) looks like it is going along with the same logic, but if you read carefully, it says 'its an established fact'.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 05 May 2003
Posts: 427
Location: Aus
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 20 Aug 2004, 07:20
B is not the answer. Give it another shot, remember its a except question.
GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
avatar
Joined: 15 Dec 2003
Posts: 4318
Followers: 20

Kudos [?]: 155 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 20 Aug 2004, 08:35
Bhai wrote:
A?

You are right Bhai. I totally did not see the EXCEPT question :hammer. A's reasoning is If A then B, since A then B. This is opposite to all other answers which are If A then B, since B then A
_________________

Best Regards,

Paul

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 07 Oct 2003
Posts: 358
Location: Manhattan
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 21 Aug 2004, 16:17
good question
I also missed (poor attentiveness will kill ya) that this is an except question at first. A seems to be the only when to go against the flow established in the original statement by saying: a leads to b
if a then must be b
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 20 Jul 2004
Posts: 593
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 21 Aug 2004, 22:57
Geethu wrote:
SigEpUCI wrote:
The argument pushes forth a premise.

A -> B

and assumes B to conlude A. this is invalid

in E, None of the so-called Western democracies is really democratic, because, for a country to be democratic, the opinion of each of its citizens must have a meaningful effect on government, and in none of these countries does each citizen's opinion have such an effect.

Democratic -> opinon of all

and says NOT option hence NOT democratic.

E. is actually valid, and is not a flawed argument.

E



E is the answer.

Was struggling betwen D and E and chose D. :x
But after reading these explanations, SigEpUCI seems right.
=> Other answer choices including question stem seem to say
"Statement 1: A causes B. Statement 2: Since B has happened, A should've happened"
[B happens to be negative in C and D, but is maintained negative in both Statement1 and Statement2]

=> Only E says
"Statement 1: A causes B. Statement 2: Since A did NOT happen, B did not happen"
  [#permalink] 21 Aug 2004, 22:57
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
10 Experts publish their posts in the topic If a society encourages freedom of thought and expression, gracezz 10 07 Oct 2009, 20:08
Freedom yogachgolf 15 04 Dec 2007, 19:23
In our society, personality is considered an expression of Swagatalakshmi 8 17 Nov 2006, 22:00
Am I wasting my time (encouraging thoughts needed) Lozgirl 4 27 Feb 2006, 15:51
If a society encourages freedom of thought and expression, WinWinMBA 5 09 May 2005, 17:25
Display posts from previous: Sort by

If a society encourages freedom of thought and expression,

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


cron

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.