If an act of civil disobedienceâ€”willfully breaking a specific law in order to bring about legal reformâ€”is done out of self-interest alone and not out of a concern for others, I t cannot be justified. But one is justified in performing an act of civil disobedience if oneâ€™s conscience requires one to do so.
Which one of the following judgments most closely conforms to the principles stated above?
(A) Keishaâ€™s protest against what she perceived to be a brutal and
repressive dictatorship in another country was an act of justified civil disobedience, because in organizing an illegal but peaceful demonstration calling for a return to democratic leadership in that country, she acted purely out of concern for the people of that country.----> doesn't satifies the condition that one doesnt act out of self-interest ---->out.
(B) Janiceâ€™s protest against a law that forbade labor strikes was motivated solely by a desire to help local mine workers obtain fair wages. But her conscience did not require
her to protest this law, so Janice didnâ€™t perform an act of justified civil disobedience.-->out
(C) In organizing an illegal protest against the practice in her country of having prison inmates work eighteen hours per day, Georgette performed an act of justified civil disobedience: though she acted out of concern for her fellow inmates rather than out of concern for herself.
---> promising but it doesn't satisfy that condition that one's protest must bring out a legal reform--->out.
(D) Mariaâ€™s deliberate violation of a law requiring prepublication government approval of all printed materials
was an act of justified civil disobedience: though her interest as an owner of a publishing company would be served by repeal of the law, she violated the law because her conscience required doing so on behalf of all publishers.
----> 1st condition: bring about a legal reform, it satisfies. 2nd condition: out of concern about others and not out of self-interest, it satisfies. 3rd condition: conscience requires , it also satisfies ------> perfect!
(E) In organizing a parade of motorcyclists riding without helmets through the capital city, Louiseâ€™s act was not one of justified civil disobedience: she was willfully challenging a specific law requiring motorcyclists to wear helmets, but her conscience did not require
her to organize the parade.-->out.
D it is.
a very interesting CR