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(1) \(a+b>0\) --> \(a-ax>0\) --> \(a(1-x)>0\) --> either \(a>0\) and \(1-x>0\), so \(x<1\) OR \(a<0\) and \(1-x<0\), so \(x>1\). Not sufficient.

(2) \(a-b>0\) --> \(a+ax>0\) --> \(a(1+x)>0\) --> either \(a>0\) and \(1+x>0\), so \(x>-1\) OR \(a<0\) and \(1+x<0\), so \(x<-1\). Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) Sum (1) and (2) (we can do this as the signs of these inequalities are in the same direction) --> \((a+b)+(a-b)>0\) --> \(a>0\), so we have first range from (1): \(x<1\) and first case from (2): \(x>-1\) --> \(-1<x<1\), so \(x\) may or may not be negative. Not sufficient.

x=-b/a; x>0 means a and b have to be different sign. I am usually not good at picking numbers, but in this case if you see a+b>0 and a-b>0 it is clear that 5+2>0 5-2>0 and 5+(-2)>0 5-(-2)>0 hence we cannot say that a and b will have the same sign. Hence E.
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(1) \(a+b>0\) --> \(a-ax>0\) --> \(a(1-x)>0\) --> either \(a>0\) and \(1-x>0\), so \(x<1\) OR \(a<0\) and \(1-x<0\), so \(x>1\). Not sufficient.

(2) \(a-b>0\) --> \(a+ax>0\) --> \(a(1+x)>0\) --> either \(a>0\) and \(1+x>0\), so \(x>-1\) OR \(a<0\) and \(1+x<0\), so \(x<-1\). Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) Sum (1) and (2) (we can do this as the signs of these inequalities are in the same direction) --> \((a+b)+(a-b)>0\) --> \(a>0\), so we have first range from (1): \(x<1\) and first case from (2): \(x>-1\) --> \(-1<x<1\), so \(x\) may or may not be negative. Not sufficient.

Answer: E.

you've made things easier bunuel. +1
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Consider giving me kudos if you find my explanations helpful so i can learn how to express ideas to people more understandable.

awesome explanations both bunuel and mainhoon --these two approaches would probably serve two different types of students really well. nice work!

there's also a potential blend of the two-- mainhoon's rephrase (are the signs of a and b different) and the stacking/adding of inequalities when evaluating choice c for that same rephrased question (if your head gets turned around when too many numbers are involved)
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(1) \(a+b>0\) --> \(a-ax>0\) --> \(a(1-x)>0\) --> either \(a>0\) and \(1-x>0\), so \(x<1\) OR \(a<0\) and \(1-x<0\), so \(x>1\). Not sufficient.

(2) \(a-b>0\) --> \(a+ax>0\) --> \(a(1+x)>0\) --> either \(a>0\) and \(1+x>0\), so \(x>-1\) OR \(a<0\) and \(1+x<0\), so \(x<-1\). Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) Sum (1) and (2) (we can do this as the signs of these inequalities are in the same direction) --> \((a+b)+(a-b)>0\) --> \(a>0\), so we have first range from (1): \(x<1\) and first case from (2): \(x>-1\) --> \(-1<x<1\), so \(x\) may or may not be negative. Not sufficient.

Answer: E.

Great solution sir, but can you correct me?? I took option a) because to satisfy a+b>0. one of them ,a or b, must be negative. So, if a is positive b is negative. x should be positive. On the contrary, if b is positive, a must be negative. So the x should be positive to keep the negative sign of a alive. Thank you. Waiting for your assistance

(1) \(a+b>0\) --> \(a-ax>0\) --> \(a(1-x)>0\) --> either \(a>0\) and \(1-x>0\), so \(x<1\) OR \(a<0\) and \(1-x<0\), so \(x>1\). Not sufficient.

(2) \(a-b>0\) --> \(a+ax>0\) --> \(a(1+x)>0\) --> either \(a>0\) and \(1+x>0\), so \(x>-1\) OR \(a<0\) and \(1+x<0\), so \(x<-1\). Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) Sum (1) and (2) (we can do this as the signs of these inequalities are in the same direction) --> \((a+b)+(a-b)>0\) --> \(a>0\), so we have first range from (1): \(x<1\) and first case from (2): \(x>-1\) --> \(-1<x<1\), so \(x\) may or may not be negative. Not sufficient.

Answer: E.

Great solution sir, but can you correct me?? I took option a) because to satisfy a+b>0. one of them ,a or b, must be negative. So, if a is positive b is negative. x should be positive. On the contrary, if b is positive, a must be negative. So the x should be positive to keep the negative sign of a alive. Thank you. Waiting for your assistance

Why does \(a+b>0\) imply that either a or b is negative? Why cannot both be positive?
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Re: If ax + b = 0, is x > 0 (1) a + b > 0 (2) a - b > 0 [#permalink]

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12 May 2014, 08:22

I don't understand fossey or bunuel's solution. Bunuel's soln- I'm kinda confused on how you are marking as both either > and > or < and < . Can Somebody please explain this

Re: If ax + b = 0, is x > 0 (1) a + b > 0 (2) a - b > 0 [#permalink]

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13 May 2014, 00:16

nivi123 wrote:

I don't understand fossey or bunuel's solution. Bunuel's soln- I'm kinda confused on how you are marking as both either > and > or < and < . Can Somebody please explain this

Hi,

What is the product when 2 positive nos a,b are multiplied. The product is >0 When a positive number and a negative number is multipled the product is <0 When 2 negative nos are multiplied then the product is >0

Now in the given inequality arrived by simplifying the given expression we get that a*(1-x) >0 now this is possible only if either a>0 and (1-x)>0 or a <0 and (1-x) <0

Hope it helps
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“If you can't fly then run, if you can't run then walk, if you can't walk then crawl, but whatever you do you have to keep moving forward.”

If ax + b = 0, is x > 0 (1) a + b > 0 (2) a - b > 0 [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2014, 20:24

we have a+b>0 a-b>0 if we add both the equations. a>0 if we subtract both the equations, b>0 then we know both have same signs.... hence can determine, sign of x=-b/a is >0 or not What is wrong in my explanation? some please help... Bunuel

we have a+b>0 a-b>0 if we add both the equations. a>0 if we subtract both the equations, b>0 then we know both have same signs.... hence can determine, sign of x=-b/a is >0 or not What is wrong in my explanation? some please help... Bunuel

For two inequalities, you can only apply subtraction when their signs are in the opposite directions: If \(a>b\) and \(c<d\) (signs in opposite direction: \(>\) and \(<\)) --> \(a-c>b-d\) (take the sign of the inequality you subtract from). Example: \(3<4\) and \(5>1\) --> \(3-5<4-1\).

Choose two numbers: a=3, b=2. a+b>0 and a-b>0 are individually and together fulfilled.

ax+b= 3*x+2=0 => x=-2/3 < 0 => we have shown that both I and II are insufficient.

To get insufficiency you should get both a NO and an YES answers to the question. You have a NO answer, so to get that the statements are insufficient, you should choose numbers which give an YES answer to the question.
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