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If CD is the diameter of the circle, does x equal 30?

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If CD is the diameter of the circle, does x equal 30? [#permalink] New post 05 Feb 2012, 16:08
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A
B
C
D
E

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Attachment:
Triangle.jpg
Triangle.jpg [ 13.63 KiB | Viewed 3071 times ]
If CD is the diameter of the circle, does x equal 30?

(1) The length of CD is twice the length of BD.
(2) y = 60

[Reveal] Spoiler:
This is how I am trying to solve this, but there is bit of a guess work. So can someone please help?

Considering the figure CD is the diameter of the circle and its the hypotenuse of the triangle too i.e. Angle CBD= 90 degrees. --------------------------------------(1). This is where I am guessing.

If that's the case then considering statement 1

Knowing that the side ratios of the 30:60:90 degree triangle are 1:\sqrt{3}:2 the know that the x = 30 and y = 60 as the x is the angle opposite to the shortest leg. Therefore, sufficient.

Statement 2

x + y + B = 180
x+60+90 = 180
x = 30. Sufficient.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Is angle x = 30 degrees? [#permalink] New post 05 Feb 2012, 17:01
Expert's post
Attachment:
Triangle.jpg
Triangle.jpg [ 13.63 KiB | Viewed 3055 times ]
If CD is the diameter of the circle, does x equal 30?

A right triangle inscribed in a circle must have its hypotenuse as the diameter of the circle. The reverse is also true: if the diameter of the circle is also the triangle’s hypotenuse, then that triangle is a right triangle.

So, angle CBD is a right angle.

(1) The length of CD is twice the length of BD --> ratio of a hypotenuse to a side is 2:1 --> we have 30°, 60°, and 90° right triangle, where the sides are always in the ratio 1:\sqrt{3}:2. BD corresponds with 1, thus it's smallest side and opposite the smallest angle (30°). Sufficient.

(2) y = 60. x=180-90-60=30. Sufficient.

Answer: D.
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Re: Is angle x = 30 degrees? [#permalink] New post 05 Feb 2012, 17:05
enigma123 wrote:
If CD is the diameter of the circle, does x equal 30?

(1) The length of CD is twice the length of BD.
(2) y = 60

This is how I am trying to solve this, but there is bit of a guess work. So can someone please help?

Considering the figure CD is the diameter of the circle and its the hypotenuse of the triangle too i.e. Angle CBD= 90 degrees. --------------------------------------(1). This is where I am guessing.




Hi,You are right in your logic. In fact what you are guessing is actually true ,with respect to the figure-- If the hypotenuse of the triangle is also the diameter of the circle , then the angle opposite to it is a right angle .
In other words 'the angle inscribed by the diameter of a circle is a right angle'.
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Re: If CD is the diameter of the circle, does x equal 30? [#permalink] New post 05 Feb 2012, 17:10
Agree dentobizz and Bunuel - but no where in question says that its a diameter - so are we assuming or am I missing something?
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Re: If CD is the diameter of the circle, does x equal 30? [#permalink] New post 05 Feb 2012, 17:16
enigma123 wrote:
If CD is the diameter of the circle, does x equal 30?



CD is the diameter of the circle as given in the question stem
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Re: If CD is the diameter of the circle, does x equal 30? [#permalink] New post 05 Feb 2012, 17:16
My sincere apologies. I agree and thanks to both of you.
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Re: Triangle Inscribed [#permalink] New post 10 Jan 2013, 11:29
D

If CD is a diameter then triangle BCD is a right angle triangle with angle B = 90.

For triangle BCD, angle B +x +y = 180

Therefore we know that x+y=90.

1) . CD = 2 x BD.

By Pythagorus Theorem, CD x CD = (BD x BD) + (BC x BC)

=> (BCxBC) = 4 (BDxBD) - (BDxBD) = 3 (BDxBD)
=> BC = \sqrt{3} BD

Tan x = BD / BC
= BD/(\sqrt{3}BD)
= 1/\sqrt{3}

=> x = 30

SUFFICIENT

2) y=60

& x+y=90

=> x= 90-60 = 30

SUFFICIENT
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Re: Is angle x = 30 degrees? [#permalink] New post 27 Feb 2014, 04:52
Bunuel wrote:
Attachment:
Triangle.jpg
If CD is the diameter of the circle, does x equal 30?

A right triangle inscribed in a circle must have its hypotenuse as the diameter of the circle. The reverse is also true: if the diameter of the circle is also the triangle’s hypotenuse, then that triangle is a right triangle.

So, angle CBD is a right angle.

(1) The length of CD is twice the length of BD --> ratio of a hypotenuse to a side is 2:1 --> we have 30°, 60°, and 90° right triangle, where the sides are always in the ratio 1:\sqrt{3}:2. BD corresponds with 1, thus it's smallest side and opposite the smallest angle (30°). Sufficient.

(2) y = 60. x=180-90-60=30. Sufficient.

Answer: D.


I am having difficulties applying ratios in triangles. If CD=2BD then the their ratio is (CD/BD)= 2. Based on this, shouldn't the ratio of their corresponding angles (90° corresponds to side CD, and x° corresponds to BD) be the same? So, (90°/x°)=2 --> x°=45° I know this is wrong, and I understand the explanation using the 30-60-90 ratio but I don't understand why my ratio lead to the wrong solution. I hope someone can clarify this for me :)

cheers,

Max
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Re: Is angle x = 30 degrees? [#permalink] New post 27 Feb 2014, 05:21
Expert's post
damamikus wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Attachment:
Triangle.jpg
If CD is the diameter of the circle, does x equal 30?

A right triangle inscribed in a circle must have its hypotenuse as the diameter of the circle. The reverse is also true: if the diameter of the circle is also the triangle’s hypotenuse, then that triangle is a right triangle.

So, angle CBD is a right angle.

(1) The length of CD is twice the length of BD --> ratio of a hypotenuse to a side is 2:1 --> we have 30°, 60°, and 90° right triangle, where the sides are always in the ratio 1:\sqrt{3}:2. BD corresponds with 1, thus it's smallest side and opposite the smallest angle (30°). Sufficient.

(2) y = 60. x=180-90-60=30. Sufficient.

Answer: D.


I am having difficulties applying ratios in triangles. If CD=2BD then the their ratio is (CD/BD)= 2. Based on this, shouldn't the ratio of their corresponding angles (90° corresponds to side CD, and x° corresponds to BD) be the same? So, (90°/x°)=2 --> x°=45° I know this is wrong, and I understand the explanation using the 30-60-90 ratio but I don't understand why my ratio lead to the wrong solution. I hope someone can clarify this for me :)

cheers,

Max


In a triangle the ratios of the sides and the ratios of the angles not necessarily equal to each other.
_________________

NEW TO MATH FORUM? PLEASE READ THIS: ALL YOU NEED FOR QUANT!!!

PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 11 Rules for Posting!!!

RESOURCES: [GMAT MATH BOOK]; 1. Triangles; 2. Polygons; 3. Coordinate Geometry; 4. Factorials; 5. Circles; 6. Number Theory; 7. Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets; 9. PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders; 11. GMAT Prep Software Analysis NEW!!!; 12. SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) NEW!!!; 12. Tricky questions from previous years. NEW!!!;

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS ; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: Is angle x = 30 degrees?   [#permalink] 27 Feb 2014, 05:21
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