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If central business districts were restricted to commercial

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If central business districts were restricted to commercial [#permalink] New post 09 May 2013, 09:12
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Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (02:06) correct 49% (01:10) wrong based on 218 sessions
If central business districts were restricted to commercial traffic, which includes taxis and buses, most personal cars would not enter urban centers. Such a reduction in traffic would reduce the risk of congestion and collisions in central business districts.

The conclusion drawn in the first sentence depends on which of the following assumptions?

A.Roads and parking facilities outside urban centers are as convenient as those in central business districts for personal cars.
B.Most roads and parking facilities outside urban centers are not designed to handle commercial traffic.
C.Most personal cars are not used for commercial purposes.
D.Personal cars are more likely to cause congestion or be involved in collisions than commercial traffic.
E.A reduction in personal cars in central business districts would lead eventually to increases in commercial traffic.


My doubt: How do we identify the conclusion here? Since it is already mentioned that the conclusion is the "first sentence",I could get the question right. But otherwise I feel the conclusion is the second sentence.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: If central business districts were restricted to commercial [#permalink] New post 09 May 2013, 09:24
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Yes you are correct the main conclusion is the second sentence. Conclusion is normally provided in the end after all reasoning however what you are missing is that there can be multiple conclusion in one argument and one conclusion can be used to support the main conclusion of the passage.

This is what is happening in the passage above.
Hope this helps :)
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Re: If central business districts were restricted to commercial [#permalink] New post 09 May 2013, 09:29
My answer is C.
We should find an assumption which follows to the fact that personal cars will not enter central districts in the case if there is a ban for commercial ones (1st sentence's conclusion). The only assumption underlying the connection between personal cars and commercial cars is C.
A,B - any infrastructure can not affect relation between personal / commercial
D,E - congestion is discussed in the 2nd premise and has nothing to do with the 1st one.
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Re: If central business districts were restricted to commercial [#permalink] New post 09 May 2013, 09:32
VadimKlimenko wrote:
My answer is C.
We should find an assumption which follows to the fact that personal cars will not enter central districts in the case if there is a ban for commercial ones (1st sentence's conclusion). The only assumption underlying the connection between personal cars and commercial cars is C.
A,B - any infrastructure can not affect relation between personal / commercial
D,E - congestion is discussed in the 2nd premise and has nothing to do with the 1st one.


Agreed. But if we consider the second statement to be the conclusion, then wont D be a contender?
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Re: If central business districts were restricted to commercial [#permalink] New post 09 May 2013, 09:41
Hi - To me this comes into the category of 'not worth worrying about' - a massive key thing on GMAT is just focussing on the Question.

It explicitly says the first sentence is the conclusion you should be looking for - so look for it there!

Don't distract yourself.

James
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Re: If central business districts were restricted to commercial [#permalink] New post 09 May 2013, 09:53
unstoppable wrote:
...
Agreed. But if we consider the second statement to be the conclusion, then wont D be a contender?

When I assume that the whole 1st sentence is evidence (the downtown is banned for commercial vehicles & personal cars don't enter the urban centers) and 2nd sentence is conclusion (reduced traffic leads to the decrease of congestions/collusions in the downtown) then my logic is:
personal cars do the most congestions/collusions (D assumption) - > but the commercial cars (not personal ones) are banned - > no definite impact on the situation in the urban districts
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Re: If central business districts were restricted to commercial [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2013, 04:42
plumber250 wrote:
Hi - To me this comes into the category of 'not worth worrying about' - a massive key thing on GMAT is just focussing on the Question.

It explicitly says the first sentence is the conclusion you should be looking for - so look for it there!

Don't distract yourself.

James


James, would you please explain why D can not be the answer here?
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Re: If central business districts were restricted to commercial [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2013, 02:37
SaraLotfy wrote:
plumber250 wrote:
Hi - To me this comes into the category of 'not worth worrying about' - a massive key thing on GMAT is just focussing on the Question.

It explicitly says the first sentence is the conclusion you should be looking for - so look for it there!

Don't distract yourself.

James


James, would you please explain why D can not be the answer here?


Action:Restrict central business districts to commercial traffic.

Conclusion: most personal cars would not enter urban centers.

To reach this conclusion we are missing the link that will explain why traffic restriction will lead to most personal card not entering urban centers.

First, identify the Question: restrict traffic to commercial + ???? = most personal cars would not enter.

'C' gives the answer > Most personal cars aren't used for commercial purposes, hence traffic restriction directly affects decrease in personal cars entering the area.

While 'E' reads as following:

most personal cars would not enter + ???? = increase in commercial traffic.

As you can see, this answer not only doesn't provide any assumption as required by the original question, but also misses an assumption itself. Why would decrease in personal cars to the area lead to an increase in commercial traffic? there's a link missing.
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Re: If central business districts were restricted to commercial [#permalink] New post 25 Apr 2014, 18:04
Same here. James can you explain why D is not correct answer choice?

Thanks
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Re: If central business districts were restricted to commercial [#permalink] New post 26 Apr 2014, 02:09
+1 for D.... :roll:
source and OA please??
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Re: If central business districts were restricted to commercial [#permalink] New post 26 Apr 2014, 05:15
Answer is C
We need to remember that Assumption answers must provide new information.
In this question te conclusion is that the Ban in personal cars will reduce traffic.
So the author assumes that no personal cars are used for commercial purposes..
If they are the conclusion falls apart,I.e. The ban will not reduce traffic (The negation technique can be applied)

The option which says the most cars cause accidents and congestion is not an assumption but an inference or precisely a must be true ..this information is inferrable from the passage,and it does not provide new Information

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Re: If central business districts were restricted to commercial   [#permalink] 26 Apr 2014, 05:15
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