Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 29 Aug 2016, 11:19
GMAT Club Tests

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

7 KUDOS received
Forum Moderator
Forum Moderator
User avatar
Status: mission completed!
Joined: 02 Jul 2009
Posts: 1426
GPA: 3.77
Followers: 181

Kudos [?]: 795 [7] , given: 621

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Oct 2010, 00:34
7
This post received
KUDOS
17
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

53% (01:52) correct 47% (00:55) wrong based on 884 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon emissions in the United States will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those in 1990, according to official projections.
A. will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those
B. will soar to a level more than one-third higher than that
C. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than is was
D. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than those
E. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than they were
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

Audaces fortuna juvat!

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

5 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 24 Aug 2010
Posts: 193
Location: Finland
Schools: Admitted: IESE($$),HEC, RSM,Esade
WE 1: 3.5 years international
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 87 [5] , given: 18

Re: carbon emissions in the United States [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Oct 2010, 00:49
5
This post received
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Pkit wrote:
If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon emissions in the United States will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those in 1990, according to official projections.
A. will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those
B. will soar to a level more than one-third higher than that
C. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than is was
D. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than those
E. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than they were

I choose B.
First of all, we are dealing here with a singular subject (emissions level) and as such it requires a singular "that", not "those". On the basis of this, we can eliminate answer choices A, D, and E. Just by looking at C, you can simply rule it out ( is was). So, B is the correct answer.
This problem is yet another example of skimming the CAT in different ways. We can solve this problem by looking at "that" and "those" or we can look at the split between "will" and "would". If we consider the split between "will" and "would", the rule says to go for "will" because we are not dealing with a hypothetical case here and as such it doesn't warrant the use of "would". On the basis of this split, we can safely rule out answer choices C, D and E. Between A and b, we go for B because A uses the plural pronoun "those" inplace of "that"
8 KUDOS received
VP
VP
avatar
Status: There is always something new !!
Affiliations: PMI,QAI Global,eXampleCG
Joined: 08 May 2009
Posts: 1353
Followers: 17

Kudos [?]: 217 [8] , given: 10

Re: carbon emissions in the United States [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Oct 2010, 19:25
8
This post received
KUDOS
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
The point here is, the hypothetical if..then statement.

if ( Present) trends continue result ( definite - so future will). This is a well defined if.. then structure. Similar structures exist for if (past) result (future past - would) and if (past perfect) result (future past perfect - would have ).

Seeing these structures one can figure out the answer option quite quickly.
_________________

Visit -- http://www.sustainable-sphere.com/
Promote Green Business,Sustainable Living and Green Earth !!

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 29 Sep 2008
Posts: 147
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 84 [0], given: 1

Re: carbon emissions in the United States [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Oct 2010, 21:26
B.first its an if then construction so it needs will in then clause when if is in present tense.we need to compare "carbon emissions soaring" in 1999 with 2000
Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: Keep fighting!
Affiliations: IIT Madras
Joined: 31 Jul 2010
Posts: 235
WE 1: 2+ years - Programming
WE 2: 3+ years - Product developement,
WE 3: 2+ years - Program management
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 381 [0], given: 104

Re: carbon emissions in the United States [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Oct 2010, 23:15
Great question. Took sometime time to get to B but used the singular plural marker to arrive.
Forum Moderator
Forum Moderator
User avatar
Status: mission completed!
Joined: 02 Jul 2009
Posts: 1426
GPA: 3.77
Followers: 181

Kudos [?]: 795 [0], given: 621

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: carbon emissions in the United States [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Nov 2010, 09:15
If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon emissions in the United States will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those in 1990, according to official projections.
A. will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those
B. will soar to a level more than one-third higher than that
C. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than is was
D. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than those
E. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than they were

level of carbon emissions is discussed here - so singular pronoun is required here.
we must use will rather than would, which is hypothetical, for future tense.
_________________

Audaces fortuna juvat!

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

6 KUDOS received
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 26 Jul 2010
Posts: 236
Followers: 208

Kudos [?]: 433 [6] , given: 28

Re: carbon emissions in the United States [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Nov 2010, 11:10
6
This post received
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Really nice work here, team! This one really comes down to two main points:

1) The "If x happens, then y will happen" construction - we need "will" and not "would"
2) We're forced to choose between "that in 1990" and "those in 1990", so we need to find the correct noun that "that/those" refers back to. We have some clues:

"more than one third higher" is the comparison. Can the "emissions" (the plural potential antecedent) really be higher than those previously? That would just mean that they're vertically higher in the atmosphere than before...that doesn't make logical sense. The "level", though, makes perfectly logical sense to be higher, so it really has to be "level", and therefore "that" not "those".

The comparison "more than" comes after the verb "soar", meaning that the object of the verb "soar" is going to have to be what's "more than" what came prior. Grammatically, that takes us again to "level", and "that" not "those".

Great work, B Team!
_________________

Brian

Save $100 on live Veritas Prep GMAT Courses and Admissions Consulting

Enroll now. Pay later. Take advantage of Veritas Prep's flexible payment plan options.

Veritas Prep Reviews

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Status: D-Day is on February 10th. and I am not stressed
Affiliations: American Management association, American Association of financial accountants
Joined: 12 Apr 2011
Posts: 269
Location: Kuwait
Schools: Columbia university
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 228 [0], given: 52

Re: If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Nov 2011, 16:06
chose D, then figured that if----will so yea B for me
_________________

Sky is the limit

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 13 May 2011
Posts: 317
WE 1: IT 1 Yr
WE 2: Supply Chain 5 Yrs
Followers: 21

Kudos [?]: 229 [0], given: 11

Re: If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Dec 2011, 10:25
will is needed. A is incorrect to use those. B.
GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 9301
Followers: 807

Kudos [?]: 165 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Oct 2013, 03:18
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Apr 2013
Posts: 295
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 27

Re: If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Mar 2014, 03:08
PTK wrote:
If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon emissions in the United States will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those in 1990, according to official projections.
A. will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those
B. will soar to a level more than one-third higher than that
C. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than is was
D. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than those
E. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than they were


we can infer the intended meaning right when we read only the original choice. the meaning is the level of the year 2010 is higher than the level of the year previous.. This step require effort adn skillful.

"those" is wrong because we need a singular pronoun
"was,were" are wrong because ellipsis rule require that to use a form of to be in the second half of comparison, a form of to be needs to present in the first half of comparison.

both will and would can be used in present time, and would is less certain.
_________________

If anyone in this gmat forum is in England,Britain, pls, email to me, (thanghnvn@gmail.com) . I have some questions and need your advise. Thank a lot.

GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 9301
Followers: 807

Kudos [?]: 165 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Apr 2015, 11:59
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
SVP
SVP
avatar
Joined: 17 Jul 2014
Posts: 1638
Location: United States
Schools: Stanford '19
GMAT 1: 550 Q39 V27
GMAT 2: 560 Q42 V26
GMAT 3: 560 Q43 V24
GMAT 4: 650 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.56
WE: General Management (Transportation)
Followers: 12

Kudos [?]: 195 [0], given: 110

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Apr 2015, 12:39
PTK wrote:
If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon emissions in the United States will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those in 1990, according to official projections.


A. will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those
those refers to "level", but it does not agree in number. were is not needed.

B. will soar to a level more than one-third higher than that
correctly uses if+present, then+future simple
that correctly refers to "a level"

C. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than is was
will is needed instead of would, is was - redundant

D. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than those
same conditional error as in c. same error as in a.

E. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than they were
same error s in c and d. they were - same error as in a.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 13 Nov 2014
Posts: 47
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, Finance
GMAT 1: 640 Q47 V30
GPA: 3.5
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 178

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 May 2015, 00:44
PTK wrote:
If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon emissions in the United States will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those in 1990, according to official projections.
A. will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those
B. will soar to a level more than one-third higher than that
C. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than is was
D. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than those
E. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than they were



Ans B.

A - were those is wrong. level is compared and its singular.

C,D and E - Easy to eliminate because the if clause is in present tense and we need will and not would :)
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Jan 2015
Posts: 131
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 28 [0], given: 260

If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Jun 2015, 04:23
Typo in Choice C: 'than is was' should be 'than it was'

See the correct version here: http://gmatclub.com/forum/if-current-trends-continue-by-the-year-2010-carbon-61684.html?fl=similar
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 03 Jul 2015
Posts: 81
Concentration: Marketing, Finance
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 41

Re: If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 May 2016, 04:03
shekharvineet wrote:
Pkit wrote:
If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon emissions in the United States will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those in 1990, according to official projections.
A. will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those
B. will soar to a level more than one-third higher than that
C. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than is was
D. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than those
E. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than they were

I choose B.
First of all, we are dealing here with a singular subject (emissions level) and as such it requires a singular "that", not "those". On the basis of this, we can eliminate answer choices A, D, and E. Just by looking at C, you can simply rule it out ( is was). So, B is the correct answer.
This problem is yet another example of skimming the CAT in different ways. We can solve this problem by looking at "that" and "those" or we can look at the split between "will" and "would". If we consider the split between "will" and "would", the rule says to go for "will" because we are not dealing with a hypothetical case here and as such it doesn't warrant the use of "would". On the basis of this split, we can safely rule out answer choices C, D and E. Between A and b, we go for B because A uses the plural pronoun "those" inplace of "that"


I have a doubt.
Is it correct to say will soar to a level more than one-third higher than that in 1990 instead of 'higher than that of 1990'
Expert Post
Verbal Expert
User avatar
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 1180
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
Followers: 163

Kudos [?]: 637 [0], given: 16

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 May 2016, 05:23
sa18 wrote:
shekharvineet wrote:
Pkit wrote:
If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon emissions in the United States will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those in 1990, according to official projections.
A. will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those
B. will soar to a level more than one-third higher than that
C. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than is was
D. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than those
E. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than they were

I choose B.
First of all, we are dealing here with a singular subject (emissions level) and as such it requires a singular "that", not "those". On the basis of this, we can eliminate answer choices A, D, and E. Just by looking at C, you can simply rule it out ( is was). So, B is the correct answer.
This problem is yet another example of skimming the CAT in different ways. We can solve this problem by looking at "that" and "those" or we can look at the split between "will" and "would". If we consider the split between "will" and "would", the rule says to go for "will" because we are not dealing with a hypothetical case here and as such it doesn't warrant the use of "would". On the basis of this split, we can safely rule out answer choices C, D and E. Between A and b, we go for B because A uses the plural pronoun "those" inplace of "that"


I have a doubt.
Is it correct to say will soar to a level more than one-third higher than that in 1990 instead of 'higher than that of 1990'


Probably I can see your point: if the comparison were between 2 clauses, then "in 1990" would be correct:

By 2010 CE will soar to a level x higher than (the level) was in 1990. ..("in 1990" is OK)

Nonetheless your doubt is probably whether the prepositional phrase modifier "in 1990" be used to refer to a noun ("level") as used in option B.

The level in 2010 was xxx. ("in 2010" is an adverbial phrase referring to the verb "was" - answering the question "when was...."? - it is a part of the clause, not an adjective for the noun "level")

The level of 2010 was xxx. ("of 2010" is an adjectival phrase referring to the noun "level")

Thus your doubt probably is whether in absence of a clause (i.e. a verb) the adjectival phrase "in 1990" would be correct.

Yes, it would be. The phrase "in ....." can also be used an adjectival phrase as follows:

The table in the kitchen is broken.

Here " in the kitchen" is used as adjectival phrase for "table". Thus as we see, the phrase "in..." can function both as an adjectival and as an adverbial phrase and hence option B ("in 1990" used as adjectival phrase) is alright.
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 566
Location: Bangalore, India
Followers: 25

Kudos [?]: 189 [0], given: 8

Re: If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 May 2016, 10:19
sa18 wrote:
I have a doubt.
Is it correct to say will soar to a level more than one-third higher than that in 1990 instead of 'higher than that of 1990'

Hi sa18, may be an example would help. Would you say:

i) Stock levels in 2016 were higher than stock levels in 2009

Or

ii) Stock levels of 2016 were higher than stock levels of 2009

Hopefully you can now see that levels in 2016 is better than levels of 2016. If it still does not ring bells, you might just want to remember this as an idiomatic issue. Another Officially correct sentence that reiterates this:

According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment to the lowest level in two years suggests that the gradual improvement in the job market is continuing.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish (GMAT Faculty @ EducationAisle)
http://www.EducationAisle.com

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 07 Sep 2014
Posts: 346
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
Schools: Yale '18
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 25 [0], given: 242

Re: If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Aug 2016, 04:36
If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon emissions in the United States will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those in 1990, according to official projections.

B. will soar to a level more than one-third higher than that
C. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than is was
D. would soar to a level more than one-third higher than those

We need that to refer back to level.
Re: If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon   [#permalink] 27 Aug 2016, 04:36
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
2 In spite of continuing national trends toward increased noboru 11 20 Sep 2009, 07:51
In spite of continuing national trends toward increased skg 2 10 Sep 2009, 10:18
In spite of continuing national trends toward increased mymba99 4 15 May 2008, 17:23
If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon gpulluri 2 23 Mar 2008, 09:58
In spite of continuing national trends toward increased AugiTh 0 24 Jul 2007, 12:54
Display posts from previous: Sort by

If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.