If, in a tennis tournament, a match reaches a fifth-set : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# If, in a tennis tournament, a match reaches a fifth-set

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If, in a tennis tournament, a match reaches a fifth-set [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2009, 07:59
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If, in a tennis tournament, a match reaches a fifth-set tiebreak, the lower-ranked player always loses the tiebreak (and, therefore, the match). If Rafael, the second-ranked player, wins a tournament by beating Roger, the top-ranked player, then the match must not have included a fifth-set tiebreak.

Which of the following arguments most closely mimics the reasoning used in the above argument?

A. If a woman with a family history of twins gets pregnant three times, she will have one set of twins. Jennifer, who falls into this category, had two sets of twins, so she must not have gotten pregnant exactly three times.
B. If a salesman sells more product than anyone else in a calendar year, then he will earn an all-expenses-paid vacation. Joe earned an all-expense-paid vacation, so he must have sold more product than anyone else for the year.
C. A newspaper can charge a 50% premium for ads if its circulation surpasses 100,000; if the circulation does not pass 100,000, therefore, the newspaper can't charge any kind of premium for ads.
D. If a student is in the top 10% of her class, she will earn a college scholarship. Anna is not in the top 10% of her class, so she will not earn a scholarship.
E. All of the players on a football team receive a cash bonus if the team wins the Super Bowl. If quarterback Tom Brady earned a cash bonus last year, he must have been a member of the winning Super Bowl team.

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15 Oct 2009, 09:00
In the arguement we are assuming a result when certain conditions are met.

Like If 'a match reaches a fifth-set tiebreak, the lower-ranked player always loses the tiebreak '

Which may or may not be true.

B,C,D,E all have 'if and only if conditions' here.

So IMO A.
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15 Oct 2009, 10:36
IMO A
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15 Oct 2009, 11:37
A because of similar reasoning. This is from MGMAT
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19 Oct 2009, 09:35
As explained above OA is A
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20 Oct 2009, 08:33
I am not able to understand wts wrong in C?
pls help!
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22 Oct 2009, 14:20
the problem with C is that both parts of sentence are 'if' conditions.
if circulation > 10000 -> 50% premium
if circulation < 10000 -> no premium
the option doesnt give an instance of the condition not being met

whereas
the stimulus specifies a condition and uses that condition to arrive at a conclusion about an instance in which the condition is not met.
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22 Oct 2009, 14:34
i got A too
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16 Jun 2011, 07:57
The reasoning in the argument is of the following form:
If X --> then Y.
If negative Y --> then negative X

Only option A is of this form.
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16 Jun 2011, 17:20
A for me , for exactly the same reasons as Nitinthesailor.

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Re: If, in a tennis tournament, a match reaches a fifth-set [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2012, 21:56
Reasoning in the stem: if X -------> then Y
if Y'--------> then X' must have had happened.
This line of reasoning is closest , though not similar,to A.
A says:
If P------>then Q
If Q------>, then P must have had happened.
Hope its clear.
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Re: If, in a tennis tournament, a match reaches a fifth-set   [#permalink] 15 Oct 2012, 21:56
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