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Don't we need to know if X is positive or negative before multiplying both sides by (N + X)? What if N is negative so that N + X < 0? This would call for us to change the sign of the inequality when we take the 1st step you did above in restating the question.

GyanOne is correct. The OA is A. I just don't understand why we don't need to know that X is positive.

I second this. GyanOne's algebra seems correct. And apparently OA is A. However what about cases 1. x=1, m=1, n=2; and 2. x=-1, m= 1, n=2. First case resolves to 2/3, which is greater than 1/2. Second case resolves to 0, which is less than 1/2. Insufficient.

elementbrdr, you're right. We definitely need to know the sign of X. I have to go back and check the OA. Maybe I made a mistake. It looks like it has to be C.

M < N tells us that this is a proper fraction. If we add the same number to the numerator and the denominator, the fraction increases. If we subtract the same number from the numerator and the denominator, the fraction decreases. Hence, we need to know whether M < N and whether X < 0.

Last edited by Yalephd on 27 Jul 2011, 09:45, edited 1 time in total.

Since, we don't know the sign of x; we can't cross multiply as x can be negative and |x|>n ***********************************************************************
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Since, we don't know the sign of x; we can't cross multiply as x can be negative and |x|>n ***********************************************************************

Shouldnt the divisor should be n(n+x) or am i missing something with the N?

how did you get rid of it after combining n+x and n?

How do we go from this \(\frac{m+x}{n+x}-\frac{m}{n} > 0\)

to this \(\frac{mn+nx-mn-mx}{n+x}> 0\)

I don't see how we dropped the N from the denominator.

"As n>0, we can exclude n from the divisor. " Why is that?

because its positive, you are allowed to multiple both sides of the equation times N. when u multiple the right side it stays 0, when you multiple the left side, N cancels the denominator.

If we had no information about whether it is +ve or -ve, we couldnt do it bc this might change the > sign (If N was -ve)

If the product of two numbers is positive, they must either both be positive or both be negative.

Since n is > 0 (given in the question), (nx-mx)/(m+x) must also be > 0. Therefore we check only for the condition where (nx-mx)/(m+x) is > 0 as it will also make the entire expression > 0.
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If the product of two numbers is positive, they must either both be positive or both be negative.

Since n is > 0 (given in the question), (nx-mx)/(m+x) must also be > 0. Therefore we check only for the condition where (nx-mx)/(m+x) is > 0 as it will also make the entire expression > 0.

GyanOne - I can say from a user of this amazing forum for few month now, we are very happy to have you here with us. Your answers are clear and very helpful. Thanks. +1
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