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If money is invested at r percent interest compounded annual [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2010, 03:53

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If money is invested at r percent interest, compounded annually, the amount of investment will double in approximately 70/r years. If Pat's parents invested $ 5000 in a long term bond that pays 8 percent interest, compounded annually, what will be the approximate total amount of investment 18 years later, when Pat is ready for college?

If money is invested at r percent interest, compounded annually, the amount of the investment will double in approximately 70/r years. If Pat’s parents invested $5,000 in a long-term bond that pays 8 percent interest, compounded annually, what will be the approximate total amount of the investment 18 years later, when Pat is ready for college? (A) $20,000 (B) $1 5,000 (C) $1 2,000 (D) $1 0,000 (E) $ 9,000

There has to be a logic to why they gave you "If money is invested at r percent interest, compounded annually, the amount of the investment will double in approximately 70/r years." If r = 8%, the principal will double in 70/8 = apprx 9 years. So in 9 years, 5000 will become 10,000. In another 9 years (i.e. 18 years from now) principal will double again and become $20,000.
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Re: compounded annually .. spending too much time [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2010, 08:41

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Answer: A Karishma has already explained very well and I would like to add some fact here that would be valuable for our daily life problems. This fact of doubling investment (or growth) after every \(\frac{70}{r}\) where \(r\) is the \(%age\) growth or change per unit time, holds true for real life economy calculations. This isn't just true for this particular question but is actually true for our daily life. Check out the following video link (amazing facts) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F-QA2rkpBSY Hope it helps
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If money is invested at r percent interest, compounded annually, the amount of investment will double in approximately 70/r years. If Pat's parents invested $ 5000 in a long term bond that pays 8 percent interest, compounded annually, what will be the approximate total amount of investment 18 years later, when Pat is ready for college?

A. $20000 B. $15000 C. $12000 D. $10000 E. $9000

Since investment doubles in 70/r years then for r=8 it'll double in 70/8=~9 years (we are not asked about the exact amount so such an approximation will do). Thus in 18 years investment will double twice and become ($5,000*2)*2=$20,000 (after 9 years investment will become $5,000*2=$10,000 and in another 9 years it'll become $10,000*2=$20,000).

GMAT Quant questions (and the accompanying answer choices) are always carefully written. Sometimes they offer hints as to how you can use estimation to get to the correct answer.

Here, the word 'approximate' in the prompt is essentially telling you to estimate an answer. With an interest rate of 8% and the given formula, you're meant to estimate that the investment will double in 70/8 = about 9 years. The question then asks for the total investment after 18 years. THAT number (18) is not an accident - it was specifically chosen so that you can take advantage of your estimation.

Start = $5000 After 9 years = $10,000 After 18 years = $20,000

Re: compounded annually .. spending too much time [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2012, 22:50

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go2013gmat wrote:

How do you know to divide by 8 and not .08?

Pay attention to the question stem. The relationship is in %age. So no need to divide it by 100. If money is invested at r percent interest, compounded annually, the amount of the investment will double in approximately 70/r years. If Pat’s parents invested $5,000 in a long-term bond that pays8 percent interest, compounded annually, what will be the approximate total amount of the investment 18 years later, when Pat is ready for college?
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Re: If money is invested at r percent interest compounded annual [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2012, 04:44

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Just to brush up a little theory about Simple and Compound Interests calculation.

If P= Principle amount invested r= annual rate of interest ( For 8% annual rate of interest r=8) t= time period in years. Then, \(Simple Interest (SI) = P*r*t\)

For calculation of Compound Interest calculation- if A=accumulated amount (principle + all interest) Then, \(A= P*( 1 +\) \({r/100}\)\()^t\)
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Re: If money is invested at r percent interest compounded annual [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2014, 07:03

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Re: If money is invested at r percent interest compounded annual [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2015, 11:43

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Re: If money is invested at r percent interest compounded annual [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2015, 01:07

If money is invested at r percent interest, compounded annually, the amount of investment will double in approximately 70/r years. If Pat's parents invested $ 5000 in a long term bond that pays 8 percent interest, compounded annually, what will be the approximate total amount of investment 18 years later, when Pat is ready for college?

A. $20000 B. $15000 C. $12000 D. $10000 E. $9000

Amount will get doubled after (70/8) years or 8.75 years Amount after 8.75 years = 2*5000 = 10000 Amount after 17.5 years = 2*10000 = 20000

Re: If money is invested at r percent interest compounded annual [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2015, 22:12

Hey all,

Just wondering what in the question made you realise you should solve this question via 5,000 x 2 x 2 rather than using the actual interest formula? i.e. P(1+r/n)^nt?

I used the formula then realised the calcs were too complicated.

Re: If money is invested at r percent interest compounded annual [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2015, 03:38

SOURH7WK wrote:

go2013gmat wrote:

How do you know to divide by 8 and not .08?

Pay attention to the question stem. The relationship is in %age. So no need to divide it by 100. If money is invested at r percent interest, compounded annually, the amount of the investment will double in approximately 70/r years. If Pat’s parents invested $5,000 in a long-term bond that pays8 percent interest, compounded annually, what will be the approximate total amount of the investment 18 years later, when Pat is ready for college?

Also, I guess that even if you did 70 / 0.08 and ended up in 875, this would have alarmed you that it is not possible to wait 875 years for the amount of the investment to doulbe... Even like this, the next thought would be to divide by 8.

Re: If money is invested at r percent interest compounded annual [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2015, 16:30

EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote:

Hi ColdSushi,

GMAT Quant questions (and the accompanying answer choices) are always carefully written. Sometimes they offer hints as to how you can use estimation to get to the correct answer.

Here, the word 'approximate' in the prompt is essentially telling you to estimate an answer. With an interest rate of 8% and the given formula, you're meant to estimate that the investment will double in 70/8 = about 9 years. The question then asks for the total investment after 18 years. THAT number (18) is not an accident - it was specifically chosen so that you can take advantage of your estimation.

Start = $5000 After 9 years = $10,000 After 18 years = $20,000

Rich

Ah - ok thank you Rich. I def need to pay more attention to these hints.

I find myself 60-70% "there" in solving a question i.e. I'd know what the question is asking and the end point (as opposed to 15-20% "there" when I first started studying for the GMAT) but get stuck because I'd miss an important word or picked a harder way to approach a problem. Hopefully things will get better with practice!

Re: If money is invested at r percent interest compounded annual [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2015, 13:00

ColdSushi wrote:

Hey all,

Just wondering what in the question made you realise you should solve this question via 5,000 x 2 x 2 rather than using the actual interest formula? i.e. P(1+r/n)^nt?

I used the formula then realised the calcs were too complicated.

Thanks in advance for your help.

Maybe because they said approximate and that they gave 70/r to help. Otherwise, goodluck computing a power of 18 without a calculator
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