Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Thank you for using the timer!
We noticed you are actually not timing your practice. Click the START button first next time you use the timer.
There are many benefits to timing your practice, including:

Suppose n = 111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111. Then the digits of n sum up to 27 * 1, which is divisible by 9, so n is divisible by both 3 and 9 by the basic divisibility rules given in our Arithmetic book. (Any other 27-digit integer with all identical digits is just a multiple of this first one, so we know that all the other values of n will divide by 3 and 9.) We might conclude that the divisibility rule "generalizes", and that any number whose digits sum to a multiple of 27 divides by 27. Be careful, though! This is exact the sort of natural, intuitive thinking that the testwriters like to exploit, so let's see if we can test a number. Suppose n = 111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111. Noticing that 111/3 = 37, we can divide n by 3 and obtain n/3 = 37,037,037,037,037,037,037,037,037. The sum of the digits of this number is 90, so n/3 divides by 9. (n/3)/9 = n/27, so n divides by 27. Since any 27-digit number with one repeating digit is just a multiple of 111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111 -- i.e., a multiple of a multiple of 27 -- we conclude that n is divisible by 27.

DO WE HAVE TO WRITE OUT THE WHOLE NUMBER? IS THERE ANOTHER WAY TO SOLVE? ALSO WHY DO WE DIVIDE 111 by 3? AND THEN HOW DO WE GET TO n/3 = 37,037,037,037,037,037,037,037,037?

Suppose n = 111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111. Then the digits of n sum up to 27 * 1, which is divisible by 9, so n is divisible by both 3 and 9 by the basic divisibility rules given in our Arithmetic book. (Any other 27-digit integer with all identical digits is just a multiple of this first one, so we know that all the other values of n will divide by 3 and 9.) We might conclude that the divisibility rule "generalizes", and that any number whose digits sum to a multiple of 27 divides by 27. Be careful, though! This is exact the sort of natural, intuitive thinking that the testwriters like to exploit, so let's see if we can test a number. Suppose n = 111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111. Noticing that 111/3 = 37, we can divide n by 3 and obtain n/3 = 37,037,037,037,037,037,037,037,037. The sum of the digits of this number is 90, so n/3 divides by 9. (n/3)/9 = n/27, so n divides by 27. Since any 27-digit number with one repeating digit is just a multiple of 111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111 -- i.e., a multiple of a multiple of 27 -- we conclude that n is divisible by 27.

DO WE HAVE TO WRITE OUT THE WHOLE NUMBER? IS THERE ANOTHER WAY TO SOLVE? ALSO WHY DO WE DIVIDE 111 by 3? AND THEN HOW DO WE GET TO n/3 = 37,037,037,037,037,037,037,037,037?

Rule for divisibility by 3: The sum of the digits of the number should be multiple of 3

Rule for divisibility by 9: The sum of the nos digits of the number should be divisible by 9 or the number should be divisible by 3 two times.

Rules for divisibility by 27: The sum of the digits should a multiple of 27

Consider no 11111111...27 times = The sum 27*1=27----> divisbible by 3,9 and 27

consider number to be 222....27 times, then sum of the no. 27*2=54 divisibly by 3,9 and 27

So why so because when you sum the numbers either you can add the digits 27 times or multiply the digit *27..

Note that since 27 is divisble by 27,9 and 3 and thus the sum of the nos will be divisible by all the nos.

Re: If n is a 27-digit positive integer, all of whose digits are [#permalink]
09 Aug 2014, 08:36

Wounded Tiger,

Do we have divisibility rule for 27 as "The sum of the digits should a multiple of 27"? Say we have 54 whose sum of digits is 9. Is 9 divisible by 27? Can you explain in detail? Thanks

Suppose n = 111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111. Then the digits of n sum up to 27 * 1, which is divisible by 9, so n is divisible by both 3 and 9 by the basic divisibility rules given in our Arithmetic book. (Any other 27-digit integer with all identical digits is just a multiple of this first one, so we know that all the other values of n will divide by 3 and 9.) We might conclude that the divisibility rule "generalizes", and that any number whose digits sum to a multiple of 27 divides by 27. Be careful, though! This is exact the sort of natural, intuitive thinking that the testwriters like to exploit, so let's see if we can test a number. Suppose n = 111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111. Noticing that 111/3 = 37, we can divide n by 3 and obtain n/3 = 37,037,037,037,037,037,037,037,037. The sum of the digits of this number is 90, so n/3 divides by 9. (n/3)/9 = n/27, so n divides by 27. Since any 27-digit number with one repeating digit is just a multiple of 111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111 -- i.e., a multiple of a multiple of 27 -- we conclude that n is divisible by 27.

DO WE HAVE TO WRITE OUT THE WHOLE NUMBER? IS THERE ANOTHER WAY TO SOLVE? ALSO WHY DO WE DIVIDE 111 by 3? AND THEN HOW DO WE GET TO n/3 = 37,037,037,037,037,037,037,037,037?

Rule for divisibility by 3: The sum of the digits of the number should be multiple of 3

Rule for divisibility by 9: The sum of the nos digits of the number should be divisible by 9 or the number should be divisible by 3 two times.

Rules for divisibility by 27: The sum of the digits should a multiple of 27

Consider no 11111111...27 times = The sum 27*1=27----> divisbible by 3,9 and 27

consider number to be 222....27 times, then sum of the no. 27*2=54 divisibly by 3,9 and 27

So why so because when you sum the numbers either you can add the digits 27 times or multiply the digit *27..

Note that since 27 is divisble by 27,9 and 3 and thus the sum of the nos will be divisible by all the nos.

Suppose n = 111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111. Then the digits of n sum up to 27 * 1, which is divisible by 9, so n is divisible by both 3 and 9 by the basic divisibility rules given in our Arithmetic book. (Any other 27-digit integer with all identical digits is just a multiple of this first one, so we know that all the other values of n will divide by 3 and 9.) We might conclude that the divisibility rule "generalizes", and that any number whose digits sum to a multiple of 27 divides by 27. Be careful, though! This is exact the sort of natural, intuitive thinking that the testwriters like to exploit, so let's see if we can test a number. Suppose n = 111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111. Noticing that 111/3 = 37, we can divide n by 3 and obtain n/3 = 37,037,037,037,037,037,037,037,037. The sum of the digits of this number is 90, so n/3 divides by 9. (n/3)/9 = n/27, so n divides by 27. Since any 27-digit number with one repeating digit is just a multiple of 111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111 -- i.e., a multiple of a multiple of 27 -- we conclude that n is divisible by 27.

DO WE HAVE TO WRITE OUT THE WHOLE NUMBER? IS THERE ANOTHER WAY TO SOLVE? ALSO WHY DO WE DIVIDE 111 by 3? AND THEN HOW DO WE GET TO n/3 = 37,037,037,037,037,037,037,037,037?

I think the best solution is provided in spoiler. _________________

I'm happy, if I make math for you slightly clearer And yes, I like kudos:)

Re: If n is a 27-digit positive integer, all of whose digits are [#permalink]
10 Aug 2014, 20:19

sri30kanth wrote:

Wounded Tiger,

Do we have divisibility rule for 27 as "The sum of the digits should a multiple of 27"? Say we have 54 whose sum of digits is 9. Is 9 divisible by 27? Can you explain in detail? Thanks

Hmmm....I agree with smyarga...

Look in general, we know a number is divisible by 3 if the sum of the digits of the nos is divisble by 3

For a number to divisible by 9, either the sum of the nos should be divisble by 9 or the number should be divisble by 3 two times

Similarly, for a no to be divisible by 27, it should be divisble by 3 three times...

There is no other method...

In my approach initially, I just extended the rule for 3 and 9 to 27 and as it can be seen it does not work out...Just went with flow I guess...

Like smyarga said, Best approach is the one given in the spoiler... _________________

“If you can't fly then run, if you can't run then walk, if you can't walk then crawl, but whatever you do you have to keep moving forward.”

Suppose n = 111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111. Then the digits of n sum up to 27 * 1, which is divisible by 9, so n is divisible by both 3 and 9 by the basic divisibility rules given in our Arithmetic book. (Any other 27-digit integer with all identical digits is just a multiple of this first one, so we know that all the other values of n will divide by 3 and 9.) We might conclude that the divisibility rule "generalizes", and that any number whose digits sum to a multiple of 27 divides by 27. Be careful, though! This is exact the sort of natural, intuitive thinking that the testwriters like to exploit, so let's see if we can test a number. Suppose n = 111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111. Noticing that 111/3 = 37, we can divide n by 3 and obtain n/3 = 37,037,037,037,037,037,037,037,037. The sum of the digits of this number is 90, so n/3 divides by 9. (n/3)/9 = n/27, so n divides by 27. Since any 27-digit number with one repeating digit is just a multiple of 111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111,111 -- i.e., a multiple of a multiple of 27 -- we conclude that n is divisible by 27.

DO WE HAVE TO WRITE OUT THE WHOLE NUMBER? IS THERE ANOTHER WAY TO SOLVE? ALSO WHY DO WE DIVIDE 111 by 3? AND THEN HOW DO WE GET TO n/3 = 37,037,037,037,037,037,037,037,037?

Its not necessary to write the whole number. Though I have taken n=2 in my earlier post, its not necessary as well. We can also solve it by variable

nnn...........n ......... 27 times

Addition of digits = n+n+n+ ........... 27 times = 27n

27n is divisible by 27; so obviously by 3 & 9

Answer =E _________________

Kindly press "+1 Kudos" to appreciate

gmatclubot

Re: If n is a 27-digit positive integer, all of whose digits are
[#permalink]
11 Aug 2014, 00:46

I’m considering a very difficult decision. Insanity maybe? I don’t know. I’m thinking about retaking the GMAT before Round 2 deadlines with a goal of scoring...

Quick update from me... I had my first INSEAD alumni interview earlier this week with the second (and final!) one scheduled for tomorrow. I’ve been doing...

I attended a portfolio workshop hosted by Business Design club today. Competing against thousands of MBA students with the entire world, you need more than your resume and coverletter...

so actually alongside the MBA studies, I am studying for personal trainer exam in December as a side. I can basically only read when I’m in the subway...