Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

It appears that you are browsing the GMAT Club forum unregistered!

Signing up is free, quick, and confidential.
Join other 500,000 members and get the full benefits of GMAT Club

Registration gives you:

Tests

Take 11 tests and quizzes from GMAT Club and leading GMAT prep companies such as Manhattan GMAT,
Knewton, and others. All are free for GMAT Club members.

Applicant Stats

View detailed applicant stats such as GPA, GMAT score, work experience, location, application
status, and more

Books/Downloads

Download thousands of study notes,
question collections, GMAT Club’s
Grammar and Math books.
All are free!

Thank you for using the timer!
We noticed you are actually not timing your practice. Click the START button first next time you use the timer.
There are many benefits to timing your practice, including:

Re: If r, s, and t are all positive integers, what is the [#permalink]
02 Aug 2012, 15:19

3

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

2

This post was BOOKMARKED

If r, s, and t are all positive integers, what is the remainder when 2^(rst) is divided by 10?

First of all, when a positive integer is divided by 10, the remainder is the units digit of that integer. For example, 30 divided by 10 yields the remainder of 0, 31 divided by 10 yields the remainder of 1, 32 divided by 10 yields the remainder of 2, ...

Next, the units digit of 2 in positive integer power repeats in blocks of 4: {2, 4, 8, 6}

The units digit of 2^1 is 2; The units digit of 2^2 is 4; The units digit of 2^3 is 8; The units digit of 2^4 is 6; The units digit of 2^5 is 2, AGAIN; ...

(1) s is even --> rst is even, hence the units digit of 2^(rst) is either 4 or 6. Not sufficient.

(2) rs = 4 --> rst is a multiple of 4, hence the units digit of 2^(rst) is the same as the units digit of 2^4 so 6, which means that the remainder upon division of 2^(rst) by 10 is 6. Sufficient.

Re: If r, s, and t are all positive integers, what is the [#permalink]
11 Aug 2013, 04:39

r,s,t are +ve

REM(2^rst/10) ?

(1).

s is even also even * even = even and even*odd=even

But REM(2^2/10) and REM(2^4/10) are different hence insufficient .

(2).

rs=4

REM(2^4t/10)

REM(2^4/10) ....REM(2^8/10).......REM(2^12/10) .... All are same

Hence sufficient

(B). it is ! _________________

Rgds, TGC! _____________________________________________________________________ I Assisted You => KUDOS Please _____________________________________________________________________________

Re: If r, s, and t are all positive integers, what is the remain [#permalink]
19 Aug 2013, 05:42

a) if s is even, i.e. rst = even -> 2^even/10 -> can't determine b) rs = 4, i.e. rst = 4t -> 2^4t/10 -> 2^4t will always have 6 in unit's place(always the multiplication for unit place will be 6*6), so remainder will be 6 -> determined.

Re: If r, s, and t are all positive integers, what is the [#permalink]
09 Mar 2014, 15:40

Any integer that does not end in 0 will have a positive remainder when divided by 10. Specifically, the remainder will be equal to the ones column. No power of 2 ends in 0. We need the units digit of 2^(rst).

Re: If r, s, and t are all positive integers, what is the [#permalink]
12 Jun 2014, 19:11

If r, s, and t are all positive integers, what is the remainder of 2^p/10, if p = rst?

(1) s is even

(2) p = 4t

Hi everyone, i have a doubt with statement B. since p=4t so when divided by 10 we can cancel a 2 from both numerator and denominator so we have 2^3t/5 which is 8^t/5 so in this case we have different remainders each time.

Re: If r, s, and t are all positive integers, what is the [#permalink]
13 Jun 2014, 00:37

Expert's post

snehamd1309 wrote:

If r, s, and t are all positive integers, what is the remainder of 2^p/10, if p = rst?

(1) s is even

(2) p = 4t

Hi everyone, i have a doubt with statement B. since p=4t so when divided by 10 we can cancel a 2 from both numerator and denominator so we have 2^3t/5 which is 8^t/5 so in this case we have different remainders each time.

Please advice.

\(\frac{2^{4t}}{10}=\frac{2^{4t-1}}{5}\) not 2^3t/5. Also, when we are asked to find the remainder of a/b it's not correct to reduce the fraction and find the remainder of the resulting fraction. For example, the remainder when 15 is divided by 6 is 3, but if you reduce that by 3 and find the remainder of 5 by 2 you'd get the remainder of 1.

Re: If r, s, and t are all positive integers, what is the [#permalink]
13 Jun 2014, 02:19

Bunuel wrote:

snehamd1309 wrote:

If r, s, and t are all positive integers, what is the remainder of 2^p/10, if p = rst?

(1) s is even

(2) p = 4t

Hi everyone, i have a doubt with statement B. since p=4t so when divided by 10 we can cancel a 2 from both numerator and denominator so we have 2^3t/5 which is 8^t/5 so in this case we have different remainders each time.

Please advice.

\(\frac{2^{4t}}{10}=\frac{2^{4t-1}}{5}\) not 2^3t/5. Also, when we are asked to find the remainder of a/b it's not correct to reduce the fraction and find the remainder of the resulting fraction. For example, the remainder when 15 is divided by 6 is 3, but if you reduce that by 3 and find the remainder of 5 by 2 you'd get the remainder of 1.

Hope its clear.

Thanks Bunuel for your reply. I understood that one should not cancel out however cant understand 2^4t/10 is simplified into 2^4t-1/5 and not 2^3t/5. Don't we cancel the powers. for Example 2^3/2= 2^2. then why cant it be in the previous one.Please help.Thanks

Re: If r, s, and t are all positive integers, what is the [#permalink]
13 Jun 2014, 02:27

Expert's post

snehamd1309 wrote:

Bunuel wrote:

snehamd1309 wrote:

If r, s, and t are all positive integers, what is the remainder of 2^p/10, if p = rst?

(1) s is even

(2) p = 4t

Hi everyone, i have a doubt with statement B. since p=4t so when divided by 10 we can cancel a 2 from both numerator and denominator so we have 2^3t/5 which is 8^t/5 so in this case we have different remainders each time.

Please advice.

\(\frac{2^{4t}}{10}=\frac{2^{4t-1}}{5}\) not 2^3t/5. Also, when we are asked to find the remainder of a/b it's not correct to reduce the fraction and find the remainder of the resulting fraction. For example, the remainder when 15 is divided by 6 is 3, but if you reduce that by 3 and find the remainder of 5 by 2 you'd get the remainder of 1.

Hope its clear.

Thanks Bunuel for your reply. I understood that one should not cancel out however cant understand 2^4t/10 is simplified into 2^4t-1/5 and not 2^3t/5. Don't we cancel the powers. for Example 2^3/2= 2^2. then why cant it be in the previous one.Please help.Thanks

\(\frac{a^n}{a^m}=a^{n-m}\). Hence, \(\frac{2^3}{2^2}=2^{3-2}=2\) the same way: \(\frac{2^{4t}}{2}=2^{4t-1}\).

Re: If r, s, and t are all positive integers, what is the [#permalink]
02 Jul 2015, 19:23

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email. _________________

Low GPA MBA Acceptance Rate Analysis Many applicants worry about applying to business school if they have a low GPA. I analyzed the low GPA MBA acceptance rate at...

UNC MBA Acceptance Rate Analysis Kenan-Flagler is University of North Carolina’s business school. UNC has five programs including a full-time MBA, various executive MBAs and an online MBA...

To hop from speaker to speaker, to debate, to drink, to dinner, to a show in one night would not be possible in most places, according to MBA blogger...

Most top business schools breed their students for a career in consulting or financial services (which is slowly being displaced by high tech and entrepreneurial opportunities). Entry into...