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If t denotes the thousandths digit in the decimal

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If t denotes the thousandths digit in the decimal [#permalink] New post 03 Sep 2012, 05:04
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d = 0.43t7
If t denotes the thousandths digit in the decimal representation of d above, what digit is t?

(1) If d were rounded to the nearest hundredth, the result would be 0.44.
(2) If d were rounded to the nearest thousandth, the result would be 0.436.

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Expert Post
Math Expert
User avatar
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 23393
Followers: 3607

Kudos [?]: 28813 [0], given: 2849

Re: If t denotes the thousandths digit in the decimal [#permalink] New post 03 Sep 2012, 05:04
Expert's post
SOLUTION

Rounding is simplifying a number to a certain place value. To round the decimal drop the extra decimal places, and if the first dropped digit is 5 or greater, ROUND UP the last digit that you keep. If the first dropped digit is 4 or smaller, ROUND DOWN (keep the same) the last digit that you keep.

Example:
5.3485 rounded to the nearest tenth = 5.3, since the dropped 4 is less than 5.
5.3485 rounded to the nearest hundredth = 5.35, since the dropped 8 is greater than 5.
5.3485 rounded to the nearest thousandth = 5.349, since the dropped 5 is equal to 5.

For more check Number Theory chapter of Math Book: math-number-theory-88376.html

BACK TO THE ORIGINAL QUESTION:

d = 0.43t7
If t denotes the thousandths digit in the decimal representation of d above, what digit is t?


(1) If d were rounded to the nearest hundredth, the result would be 0.44. Just says that t\geq{5}. Not sufficient.

(2) If d were rounded to the nearest thousandth, the result would be 0.436. Since 7 is more than 5, then t was rounded up to become 6, hence t=5. Sufficient.

Answer: B.
_________________

NEW TO MATH FORUM? PLEASE READ THIS: ALL YOU NEED FOR QUANT!!!

PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 11 Rules for Posting!!!

RESOURCES: [GMAT MATH BOOK]; 1. Triangles; 2. Polygons; 3. Coordinate Geometry; 4. Factorials; 5. Circles; 6. Number Theory; 7. Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets; 9. PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders; 11. GMAT Prep Software Analysis NEW!!!; 12. SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) NEW!!!; 12. Tricky questions from previous years. NEW!!!;

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS ; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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1 KUDOS received
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Joined: 28 Aug 2012
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Kudos [?]: 31 [1] , given: 3

Re: If t denotes the thousandths digit in the decimal [#permalink] New post 03 Sep 2012, 05:27
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Statement (1): d is rounded up. So the thousandth digit can take the values 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. --> not sufficient
Statement (2): d is again rounded up, because the tenthousandths digit is 7. Therefore, the thousands digit is 5. --> sufficient

Answer B, Statement (2) is sufficient, Statement (1) is not sufficient.
Expert Post
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Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 23393
Followers: 3607

Kudos [?]: 28813 [0], given: 2849

Re: If t denotes the thousandths digit in the decimal [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2012, 04:29
Expert's post
SOLUTION

Rounding is simplifying a number to a certain place value. To round the decimal drop the extra decimal places, and if the first dropped digit is 5 or greater, ROUND UP the last digit that you keep. If the first dropped digit is 4 or smaller, ROUND DOWN (keep the same) the last digit that you keep.

Example:
5.3485 rounded to the nearest tenth = 5.3, since the dropped 4 is less than 5.
5.3485 rounded to the nearest hundredth = 5.35, since the dropped 8 is greater than 5.
5.3485 rounded to the nearest thousandth = 5.349, since the dropped 5 is equal to 5.

For more check Number Theory chapter of Math Book: math-number-theory-88376.html

BACK TO THE ORIGINAL QUESTION:

d = 0.43t7
If t denotes the thousandths digit in the decimal representation of d above, what digit is t?


(1) If d were rounded to the nearest hundredth, the result would be 0.44. Just says that t\geq{5}. Not sufficient.

(2) If d were rounded to the nearest thousandth, the result would be 0.436. Since 7 is more than 5, then t was rounded up to become 6, hence t=5. Sufficient.

Answer: B.

Kudos points given to everyone with correct solution. Let me know if I missed someone.
_________________

NEW TO MATH FORUM? PLEASE READ THIS: ALL YOU NEED FOR QUANT!!!

PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 11 Rules for Posting!!!

RESOURCES: [GMAT MATH BOOK]; 1. Triangles; 2. Polygons; 3. Coordinate Geometry; 4. Factorials; 5. Circles; 6. Number Theory; 7. Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets; 9. PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders; 11. GMAT Prep Software Analysis NEW!!!; 12. SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) NEW!!!; 12. Tricky questions from previous years. NEW!!!;

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS ; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
25 extra-hard Quant Tests

Get the best GMAT Prep Resources with GMAT Club Premium Membership

Re: If t denotes the thousandths digit in the decimal   [#permalink] 07 Sep 2012, 04:29
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