If the cyberpunk novel Neuromancer was written 500 years ago : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
Check GMAT Club App Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

It is currently 08 Dec 2016, 11:24
GMAT Club Tests

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

If the cyberpunk novel Neuromancer was written 500 years ago

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

2 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 11 Aug 2011
Posts: 196
Location: United States
Concentration: Economics, Finance
GMAT Date: 10-16-2013
GPA: 3
WE: Analyst (Computer Software)
Followers: 10

Kudos [?]: 225 [2] , given: 886

Reviews Badge
If the cyberpunk novel Neuromancer was written 500 years ago [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Nov 2013, 21:31
2
This post received
KUDOS
8
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

43% (01:41) correct 57% (00:41) wrong based on 396 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

If the cyberpunk novel Neuromancer was written 500 years ago, hardly anyone would have understood a word of it.

A. was written 500 years ago, hardly anyone
B. were written 500 years ago, hardly anyone
C. had been written 500 years ago, hardly anybody
D. were written 500 years ago, hardly anybody
E. had written 500 years ago, hardly anyone

I came across this question in the economist gmat tutor exercise and thought of this as a good question.
What I could not understand was that why option B is incorrect.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

Kudos me if you like my post !!!!

Request Expert Reply
If you have any questions
you can ask an expert
New!
Economist GMAT Tutor Discount CodesEMPOWERgmat Discount CodesKaplan GMAT Prep Discount Codes
7 KUDOS received
Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 15 Jun 2012
Posts: 1153
Location: United States
Followers: 252

Kudos [?]: 2796 [7] , given: 123

Premium Member
Re: If the cyberpunk novel Neuromancer was written 500 years ago [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Nov 2013, 00:03
7
This post received
KUDOS
12
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hello akhil911

I'm glad to help.

Basic grammar rules of If-then structure.

1. True in present:
If Subject + present tense, then Subject + will + verb

2. NOT true in present (hypothetical)
IF subject + past tense, then Subject + WOULD + verb
Note: always use "WERE" rather than "was" for auxiliary verb

3. NOT true in the PAST
IF subject + Past Perfect, then subject + WOULD + HAVE + past participle

APPLY TO THE QUESTION:

If the cyberpunk novel Neuromancer was written 500 years ago, hardly anyone would have understood a word of it.

Note: pleas see the NON-underlined part "would have understood" <-- signal of structure - Not true in the PAST.

A. was written 500 years ago, hardly anyone
Wrong.

B. were written 500 years ago, hardly anyone
Wrong. If "were" is correct, the non-underlined part must be "would understand". But the non-underlined part is "would have understood".

C. had been written 500 years ago, hardly anybody
Correct.

D. were written 500 years ago, hardly anybody
Wrong. Same error as in B.

E. had written 500 years ago, hardly anyone
Wrong. The novel can't write, it must be written <-- we need passive voice here.

Hope it helps.
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 14 Jul 2012
Posts: 10
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 4

Re: If the cyberpunk novel Neuromancer was written 500 years ago [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Nov 2013, 03:28
pqhai wrote:
Hello akhil911

I'm glad to help.

Basic grammar rules of If-then structure.

1. True in present:
If Subject + present tense, then Subject + will + verb

2. NOT true in present (hypothetical)
IF subject + past tense, then Subject + WOULD + verb
Note: always use "WERE" rather than "was" for auxiliary verb

3. NOT true in the PAST
IF subject + Past Perfect, then subject + WOULD + HAVE + past participle

APPLY TO THE QUESTION:

If the cyberpunk novel Neuromancer was written 500 years ago, hardly anyone would have understood a word of it.

Note: pleas see the NON-underlined part "would have understood" <-- signal of structure - Not true in the PAST.

A. was written 500 years ago, hardly anyone
Wrong.

B. were written 500 years ago, hardly anyone
Wrong. If "were" is correct, the non-underlined part must be "would understand". But the non-underlined part is "would have understood".

C. had been written 500 years ago, hardly anybody
Correct.

D. were written 500 years ago, hardly anybody
Wrong. Same error as in B.

E. had written 500 years ago, hardly anyone
Wrong. The novel can't write, it must be written <-- we need passive voice here.

Hope it helps.



The question seems to have subjunctive mood, so why use of "were" is incorrect here?
Expert Post
Economist GMAT Tutor Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 15 Aug 2013
Posts: 29
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 0

Re: If the cyberpunk novel Neuromancer was written 500 years ago [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Nov 2013, 13:07
As written above it is precisely because of the conditional mood that the "was"needs to be changed to "were" in the condition part of the sentence.

In addition, please do not forget these other possibilities for the conditional:

In the 1st conditional you may also have this: If + Present tense // Present tense

This is in effect a 'zero' conditional and is either used to depict something of a generalization/truth or a person's description of his/her character (for example)

EG If we use greener technologies at home, we save 75% on utilities bills
or
If I am given a present, I always give one back

3rd conditional structure: Had +v3 //would + have + V3

eg Had he known of the construction project beforehand, he would have taken another route to work

ALSO be aware of UNLESS sentences, also a type of conditional:

eg Unless he swims every day, he does not feel healthy.
_________________

Economist GMAT Tutor
http://econgm.at/GMATTutorEcon
(866) 292-0660

GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10442
Followers: 886

Kudos [?]: 191 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: If the cyberpunk novel Neuromancer was written 500 years ago [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Nov 2014, 06:08
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 24 May 2014
Posts: 94
Location: India
GMAT 1: 590 Q39 V32
GRE 1: 310 Q159 V151
GRE 2: 312 Q159 V153
GPA: 2.9
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 334

Re: If the cyberpunk novel Neuromancer was written 500 years ago [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Feb 2016, 00:38
pqhai

I didn't approach the question with the concept of conditionals in my mind. I picked option C because the writing part of the novel took place before 500 years. Since 'the writing' is a past event that took place before another past.,past perfect tense has to be used.

Is my approach correct.?
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 23 Jun 2012
Posts: 107
GPA: 3.84
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 143

Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: If the cyberpunk novel Neuromancer was written 500 years ago [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Feb 2016, 04:48
narendran1990 wrote:
pqhai

I didn't approach the question with the concept of conditionals in my mind. I picked option C because the writing part of the novel took place before 500 years. Since 'the writing' is a past event that took place before another past.,past perfect tense has to be used.

Is my approach correct.?


writing of novel didnt took place 500 years ago...infact question is saying that if it had been written 500 years ago, no one would have understood it.
Its a conditional sentence where some act actually didnt happen in the past. we are assuming that if it happened, then hardly anyone could understand that writing.
_________________

Push yourself again and again. Don't give an inch until the final buzzer sounds. -Larry Bird
Success isn't something that just happens - success is learned, success is practiced and then it is shared. -Sparky Anderson
-S

Expert Post
Verbal Expert
User avatar
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 1962
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
Followers: 304

Kudos [?]: 1266 [0], given: 20

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
If the cyberpunk novel Neuromancer was written 500 years ago [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Feb 2016, 14:54
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
narendran1990 wrote:
pqhai

I didn't approach the question with the concept of conditionals in my mind. I picked option C because the writing part of the novel took place before 500 years. Since 'the writing' is a past event that took place before another past.,past perfect tense has to be used.

Is my approach correct.?


Following are two of the standard forms of conditional statements in discussion:

Case I: Unlikely Case (in the future)
IF [hypothetical subjunctive (were written)], THEN [conditional tense (would understand)].
Here, the sentence implies that the novel is unlikely to be written in future. The Conditional Tense depicts the hypothetical result (not understanding) of the unlikely condition.

Case II: Case That Never Happened (in the past)
IF [past perfect (had been written)], THEN [conditional perfect (would have become)]

Clearly case II is applicable here and hence option C is correct.

Therefore whatever way you approach, from conditionals or from concept of past perfect, you arrive at the same result. So... yes, your approach is correct.
If the cyberpunk novel Neuromancer was written 500 years ago   [#permalink] 26 Feb 2016, 14:54
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The reply2spg 3 08 Feb 2009, 07:14
A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The helpmeongmat 6 19 Jul 2007, 14:07
A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The deepak_223 0 17 Jun 2007, 05:01
A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The LM 3 29 Mar 2007, 23:25
A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The nitinneha 3 28 Feb 2007, 15:45
Display posts from previous: Sort by

If the cyberpunk novel Neuromancer was written 500 years ago

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.