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If the integers a and n are greater than 1 and the product

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If the integers a and n are greater than 1 and the product [#permalink] New post 11 May 2012, 05:35
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If the integers a and n are greater than 1 and the product of the first 8 positive integers is a multiple of a^n, what is the value of a?

(1) a^n = 64

(2) n = 6

Can anyone help me with this question. How is B the correct answer.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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If the integers a and n are greater than 1 and the product [#permalink] New post 11 May 2012, 05:38
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subhajeet wrote:
If the integers a and n are greater than 1 and the product of the first 8 positive integers is a multiple of a^n, what is the value of a?

(1) a^n = 64

(2) n = 6

Can anyone help me with this question. How is B the correct answer.


Prime factorization would be the best way to attack such kind of questions.

Given: a^n*k=8!=2^7*3^2*5*7.
Question: a=?

(1) a^n=64=2^6=4^3=8^2, so a could be 2, 4, or 8. Not sufficient.

(2) n=6 --> the only integer (more than 1), which is a factor of 8!, and has the power of 6 (at least) is 2, hence a=2. Sufficient.

Answer: B.
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Re: If the integers a and n are greater than 1 and the product [#permalink] New post 14 May 2012, 01:41
Bunuel wrote:
subhajeet wrote:
If the integers a and n are greater than 1 and the product of the first 8 positive integers is a multiple of a^n, what is the value of a?

(1) a^n = 64

(2) n = 6

Can anyone help me with this question. How is B the correct answer.


Prime factorization would be the best way to attack such kind of questions.

Given: a^n*k=8!=2^7*3^2*5*7. Q: a=?

(1) a^n=64=2^6=4^3=8^2, so a can be 2, 4, or 8. Not sufficient.

(2) n=6 --> the only integer (more than 1), which is the factor of 8!, and has the power of 6 (at least) is 2, hence a=2. Sufficient.

Answer: B.


Dear Bunuel,
OA is B but why B?
Kindly tell the source from where you get all these number properties/Prime no. properties?
If its your Brain then only the explaination for the above will do ! :)
All DS are on Number Properties and i am doing silly mistakes. i opted 'C'
Thanx
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Re: If the integers a and n are greater than 1 and the product [#permalink] New post 14 May 2012, 01:48
Expert's post
kashishh wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
subhajeet wrote:
If the integers a and n are greater than 1 and the product of the first 8 positive integers is a multiple of a^n, what is the value of a?

(1) a^n = 64

(2) n = 6

Can anyone help me with this question. How is B the correct answer.


Prime factorization would be the best way to attack such kind of questions.

Given: a^n*k=8!=2^7*3^2*5*7. Q: a=?

(1) a^n=64=2^6=4^3=8^2, so a can be 2, 4, or 8. Not sufficient.

(2) n=6 --> the only integer (more than 1), which is the factor of 8!, and has the power of 6 (at least) is 2, hence a=2. Sufficient.

Answer: B.


Dear Bunuel,
OA is B but why B?
Kindly tell the source from where you get all these number properties/Prime no. properties?
If its your Brain then only the explaination for the above will do ! :)
All DS are on Number Properties and i am doing silly mistakes. i opted 'C'
Thanx


Check Number Theory chapter of Math Book: math-number-theory-88376.html

Hope it helps.
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PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

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If the integers a and n are greater than 1 and the product of th [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2013, 22:36
This one is a fun question (a good practice of our understanding of factors)!

Analyze the given first before delving into the statements.
8*6*7*5*4*3*2*1 = a^n * R

Statement (1): a^n = 64
8*6*7*5*4*3*2*1 = 64 * R

64 could be 2^6 or 8^2.
In 8!, it contains at least 6 factors of 2. In 8!, it also contains 2 factors of 8. Thus, a could be 2 or 8.
Thus, INSUFFICIENT.

Statement (2): n = 6
Let us analyze 8! = 8*7*6*5*4*3*2*1. How many prime factors have at least 6 factors in 8!.
Let us start with a = 2. YES!
Let us then try a=3. NO!

We are certain that 2 has the most number of factors in 8! and it has at least 6. SUFFICIENT.
a = 2

AnsweR: B
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Re: If the integers a and n are greater than 1 and the product [#permalink] New post 22 Jan 2013, 12:22
product of the first 8 integers is: (2^8)(3^2)(5)(7)

Statement 1: a^n = 64. this means a could equal 2,4, or 8 because we don't know what n is. Not sufficient.
Statement 2: if n = 6 the only possible value for a is 2 as the product of the first 8 integers does not include any other number raised to the 6th power. Sufficient
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Re: If the integers a and n are greater than 1 and the product [#permalink] New post 09 May 2013, 17:15
i have a question here, what if n = 2 or 3? would the answer be E? or C?
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Re: If the integers a and n are greater than 1 and the product [#permalink] New post 10 May 2013, 00:17
Expert's post
supreetb wrote:
i have a question here, what if n = 2 or 3? would the answer be E? or C?


The answer would be C:

(1)+(2) a^n = 64 and n=2 --> a^2=64 --> a=8 (discard a=-8 since we know that a is a positive integer). Sufficient.

Hope it's clear.
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NEW TO MATH FORUM? PLEASE READ THIS: ALL YOU NEED FOR QUANT!!!

PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 11 Rules for Posting!!!

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COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS ; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: If the integers a and n are greater than 1 and the product [#permalink] New post 10 Aug 2014, 10:34
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Re: If the integers a and n are greater than 1 and the product   [#permalink] 10 Aug 2014, 10:34
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