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If the measures of the angle in a triangle are in the ratio

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If the measures of the angle in a triangle are in the ratio [#permalink] New post 19 Jan 2012, 16:25
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If the measures of the angle in a triangle are in the ratio of 1:2:3, what is the ratio of the smallest side of the triangle to the largest side?

A. 1:2
B. 1:3
C. 1:5
D. 2:3
E. 2:5
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Geometry [#permalink] New post 19 Jan 2012, 17:08
Expert's post
Splendidgirl666 wrote:
Hi,
can someone help with this one please?

If the measures of the angle in a triangle are in the ratio of 1:2:3, what is the ratio of the smallest side of the triangle to the largest side?

1. 1:2
2. 1:3
3. 1:5
4. 2:3
5. 2:5


The measures of the angle in a triangle are in the ratio of 1:2:3 --> x+2x+3x=180 --> 6x=180 --> x=30, 2x=60 and 3x=90. We have a right triangle where the angles are 30°, 60°, and 90°.
Attachment:
Math_Tri_Right3060.png
Math_Tri_Right3060.png [ 3.64 KiB | Viewed 1088 times ]

This is one of the 'standard' triangles you should be able recognize on sight. A fact you should commit to memory is: The sides are always in the ratio 1:\sqrt{3}:2.

Notice that the smallest side (1) is opposite the smallest angle (30°), and the longest side (2) is opposite the largest angle (90°).

So the ratio of the smallest side of the triangle to the largest side is 1/2.

Answer: A.

Check Triangles chapter of Math Book for more on this topic: math-triangles-87197.html

Hope it helps.
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Re: If the measures of the angle in a triangle are in the ratio [#permalink] New post 07 Mar 2014, 02:14
If angles are in ratio of 1:2:3 the triangle becomes a 30-60-90 triangle. ratio of sides is 1:\sqrt{3}:2 hence answer is 1:2.
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Re: If the measures of the angle in a triangle are in the ratio   [#permalink] 07 Mar 2014, 02:14
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