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If the prime numbers p and t are the only prime factors of the integer m, is m a multiple of p²t? 1) m has more than 9 positive factors. 2) m is a multiple of p³
some explanations to both statements would be great! thx a lot
We are told that \(p\) and \(t\) are the ONLY prime factors of m. It could be expressed as \(m=p^x*t^y\), where \(x\) and \(y\) are integers \(\geq{1}\).
Question: is \(m\) a multiple of \(p^2*t\). We already know that \(p\) and \(t\) are the factors of \(m\), so basically question asks whether the power of \(p\), in our prime factorization denoted as \(x\), more than or equal to 2: so is \(x\geq{2}\).
(1) m has more than 9 positive factors:
Formula for counting the number of distinct factors of integer \(x\) expressed by prime factorization as: \(n=a^x*b^y*c^z\), is \((x+1)(y+1)(z+1)\). This also includes the factors 1 and \(n\) itself.
We are told that \((x+1)(y+1)>9\) (as we know that \(m\) is expressed as \(m=p^x*t^y\)) But it's not sufficient to determine whether \(x\geq{2}\). (\(x\) can be 1 and \(y\geq{4}\) and we would have their product \(>9\), e.g. \((1+1)(4+1)=10\).) Not sufficient.
(2) m is a multiple of p^3 This statement clearly gives us the value of power of \(p\), which is 3, \(x=3>2\). So \(m\) is a multiple of \(p^2t\). Sufficient.
Re: If the prime numbers p and t are the only prime factors [#permalink]
25 Sep 2012, 10:45
1
This post received KUDOS
Expert's post
Hey Lets look at statement 1 m has more than 9 factors Now if p and t are the only prime factors then the other factors would be a combination of p and t either with each other or with themselves. Now among those 9 factors, the following 2 things could happen. 1. 2 factors would be 1 and m. The other factors could be \(p, t, t^2, t^3, t^4, t^5, t^6\). In this case the integer m is NOT a multiple of\(p^2t\). 2. The other seven factors could have\(p^2\). In that case m would be a multiple of \(p^2t\) So, Insufficient. Lets look at statement 2 If m is a multiple of\(p^3\), then m must be a multiple of \(p^2\). We know that m is already a multiple of t. So m must be a multiple of \(p^2t\). Hence Sufficient.
Re: If the prime numbers p and t are the only prime factors [#permalink]
25 Sep 2012, 10:49
ankit0411 wrote:
If the prime numbers p and t are the only prime factors of the integer m, is m a multiple of p^2 t?
(1) m has more than 9 positive factors (2) m is a multiple of p^3
We can write \(m=p^a\cdot{t^b}\) for some positive integers \(a\) and \(b.\)
(1) The number of positive factors of \(m\) is \((a+1)(b+1)>9.\) If \(a=1\) and \(b>3\) then \(m=pt^b\) is not a multiple of \(p^2t.\) If \(a>1\) then the answer is yes. Not sufficient.
(2) Obviously sufficient.
Answer B. _________________
PhD in Applied Mathematics Love GMAT Quant questions and running.
Last edited by EvaJager on 25 Sep 2012, 10:54, edited 1 time in total.
Re: If the prime numbers p and t are the only prime factors [#permalink]
25 Sep 2012, 10:52
souvik101990 wrote:
Hey Lets look at statement 1 m has more than 9 factors Now if p and t are the only prime factors then the other factors would be a combination of p and t either with each other or with themselves. Now among those 9 factors, the following 2 things could happen. 1. 2 factors would be 1 and m. The other factors could be \(p, t, t^2, t^3, t^4, t^5, t^6\). In this case the integer m is NOT a multiple of\(p^2t\). 2. The other seven factors could have\(p^2\). In that case m would be a multiple of \(p^2t\) So, Insufficient. Lets look at statement 2 If m is a multiple of\(p^3\), then m must be a multiple of \(p^2\). We know that m is already a multiple of t. So m must be a multiple of \(p^2t\). Hence Sufficient.
Hope this helps.
I got your second statement, but somehow I am not able to get the 1st statement.
For example you have p=2 and t=3, two prime numbers . Now the other 7 numbers can be any positive integer right ? i.e 4,6,8,9,4,6,8 isnt it ?
And the second case maybe that we have other 7 factors that include 2 and 3 as well . ex. 2,3,2,3,2,3,3,2,2 . In this case m is a multiple of p^2*t .
Re: If the prime numbers p and t are the only prime factors [#permalink]
25 Sep 2012, 10:55
EvaJager wrote:
ankit0411 wrote:
If the prime numbers p and t are the only prime factors of the integer m, is m a multiple of p^2 t?
(1) m has more than 9 positive factors (2) m is a multiple of p^3
We can write \(m=p^a\cdot{t^b}\) for some positive integers \(a\) and \(b.\)
(1) The number of positive factors of \(m\) is \((a+1)(b+1)>9.\) If \(a=1\) and \(b>3\) then \(m=pt^b\) is not a multiple of \(p^2t.\) If \(a>1\) then the answer is yes. Not sufficient.
(2) Obviously sufficient.
Answer B.
The formula you've written - (a+1)(b+1) is for the no of prime factors of a number right ? . _________________
Re: If the prime numbers p and t are the only prime factors [#permalink]
25 Sep 2012, 11:00
ankit0411 wrote:
EvaJager wrote:
ankit0411 wrote:
If the prime numbers p and t are the only prime factors of the integer m, is m a multiple of p^2 t?
(1) m has more than 9 positive factors (2) m is a multiple of p^3
We can write \(m=p^a\cdot{t^b}\) for some positive integers \(a\) and \(b.\)
(1) The number of positive factors of \(m\) is \((a+1)(b+1)>9.\) If \(a=1\) and \(b>3\) then \(m=pt^b\) is not a multiple of \(p^2t.\) If \(a>1\) then the answer is yes. Not sufficient.
(2) Obviously sufficient.
Answer B.
The formula you've written - (a+1)(b+1) is for the no of prime factors of a number right ? .
NO. It is for all the positive factors of the number, including 1 and the number itself, not only prime factors. _________________
PhD in Applied Mathematics Love GMAT Quant questions and running.
Re: If the prime numbers p and t are the only prime factors [#permalink]
25 Sep 2012, 11:02
Expert's post
ankit0411 wrote:
EvaJager wrote:
ankit0411 wrote:
If the prime numbers p and t are the only prime factors of the integer m, is m a multiple of p^2 t?
(1) m has more than 9 positive factors (2) m is a multiple of p^3
We can write \(m=p^a\cdot{t^b}\) for some positive integers \(a\) and \(b.\)
(1) The number of positive factors of \(m\) is \((a+1)(b+1)>9.\) If \(a=1\) and \(b>3\) then \(m=pt^b\) is not a multiple of \(p^2t.\) If \(a>1\) then the answer is yes. Not sufficient.
(2) Obviously sufficient.
Answer B.
The formula you've written - (a+1)(b+1) is for the no of prime factors of a number right ? .
Re: If the prime numbers p and t are the only prime factors of [#permalink]
22 Jan 2013, 02:21
phoenixgmat wrote:
If the prime numbers p and t are the only prime factors of the integer m, is m a multiple of p^2*t?
(1) m has more than 9 positive factors. (2) m is a multiple of p^3
m = p^x * t^y where x is at least 1 and y is at least 1... For m to be a multiple of p^2 * t then m must have at least 2 p and at least 1 t...
1. m has more than 9 factors If m = p^1 * t^4 => number of factors = (1+1)(4+1) = 10 NOT A MULTIPLE! If m = p^2 * t^3 => numbr of factors = (2+1)(3+1) = 12 A MULTIPLE! INSUFFICIENT!
2. m is a multiple of p^3 Is it at least 2 factors of p? According to Statement (2) - YES! Is it at least 1 factor of t? According to GIVEN - YES!
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