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Re: #37 sum of consecutive integers [#permalink]
10 Dec 2010, 07:37

1

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

aalriy wrote:

If the sum of n consecutive positive integers is 33, what of the following could be the value of n? I. 3 II. 6 III. 11

A. I only B. II only C. III only D. I and II E. I, II and III

You can solve this question with some formulas but trial and error will give an answer in less than 1 min.

Can n equal to 3? It's easy to find that 10+11+12=33, so yes; Can n equal to 6? Again it's easy to find that 3+4+5+6+7+8=33, so yes; Can n equal to 11? If we take the smallest 11 consecutive positive integers: 1, 2, 3, ..., 10, 11 we'll see that 11+10+9+8 is already more than 33, so n can not equal to 11.

Re: #37 sum of consecutive integers [#permalink]
10 Dec 2010, 08:06

4

This post received KUDOS

I think I used a better way..

u have 3 options so test for each option

1st option is 3. So n + n+1 + n+2 = 33. so u get 3n + 3 = 33. n = 10. So 3 works.

2nd option is 6. so n + n+1 + n+2 + n+3 + n+4 + n+5 = 33. 6n + 15 + 33. n = 3. So 6 works .

3rd option. We can clearly see through common sense that this option doesnt work as the last 3 least possible consecutive number 9 10 and 11 gives u 30 already.

I think if you are quick it should take less than a minute easily and u can use this standard form for similar problems.

Re: #37 sum of consecutive integers [#permalink]
10 Dec 2010, 08:21

2

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

walkerme13 wrote:

I think I used a better way..

u have 3 options so test for each option

1st option is 3. So n + n+1 + n+2 = 33. so u get 3n + 3 = 33. n = 10. So 3 works.

2nd option is 6. so n + n+1 + n+2 + n+3 + n+4 + n+5 = 33. 6n + 15 + 33. n = 3. So 6 works .

3rd option. We can clearly see through common sense that this option doesnt work as the last 3 least possible consecutive number 9 10 and 11 gives u 30 already.

I think if you are quick it should take less than a minute easily and u can use this standard form for similar problems.

Yes, you can use a variable to express sequence of consecutive integers, though it's better to use some other than n as n is already used for # of terms:

x+(x+1)+(x+2)=33 --> x=10; x+(x+1)+(x+2)+(x+3)+(x+4)+(x+5)=33 --> x=3; x+(x+1)+(x+2)+...+(x+10)=33 --> x=-2, not possible as we are told that the sequence contains positive integers only. _________________

Re: #37 sum of consecutive integers [#permalink]
10 Dec 2010, 08:30

1

This post received KUDOS

yes. you are right using x would avoid confusion. But I wonder if this method is good for higher numbers. number of integers more than 15 etc. but i dont think they would ask such questions so we are safe.

Re: #37 sum of consecutive integers [#permalink]
10 Dec 2010, 08:43

Expert's post

walkerme13 wrote:

yes. you are right using x would avoid confusion. But I wonder if this method is good for higher numbers. number of integers more than 15 etc. but i dont think they would ask such questions so we are safe.

This method is perfectly OK with higher # of terms. For example: the sum of 25 consecutive numbers is 500, what is the first number?

Consecutive numbers can be expressed not only as x, x+1, x+2, ... but also ..., x-2, x-1, x, x+1, x+2, ...

So, 25 consecutive integers can be expressed as x-12, x-11, ..., x-1, x, x+1, ..., x+12 --> when we add them up we'll have: (x-12)+(x-11)+...+(x-1)+x+(x+1)+...+(x+12)=500 --> 25x=500 --> x=20 --> first # is x-12=8.

Re: #37 sum of consecutive integers [#permalink]
25 May 2013, 03:06

Bunuel wrote:

walkerme13 wrote:

I think I used a better way..

u have 3 options so test for each option

1st option is 3. So n + n+1 + n+2 = 33. so u get 3n + 3 = 33. n = 10. So 3 works.

2nd option is 6. so n + n+1 + n+2 + n+3 + n+4 + n+5 = 33. 6n + 15 + 33. n = 3. So 6 works .

3rd option. We can clearly see through common sense that this option doesnt work as the last 3 least possible consecutive number 9 10 and 11 gives u 30 already.

I think if you are quick it should take less than a minute easily and u can use this standard form for similar problems.

Yes, you can use a variable to express sequence of consecutive integers, though it's better to use some other than n as n is already used for # of terms:

x+(x+1)+(x+2)=33 --> x=10; x+(x+1)+(x+2)+(x+3)+(x+4)+(x+5)=33 --> x=3; x+(x+1)+(x+2)+...+(x+10)=33 --> x=-2, not possible as we are told that the sequence contains positive integers only.

Hi Bunuel , i used x-1,x,x+1 and it didnt work it gives rise to 3x=33?? where am i going wrong if u plz.

Re: #37 sum of consecutive integers [#permalink]
25 May 2013, 03:14

1

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

yezz wrote:

Bunuel wrote:

walkerme13 wrote:

I think I used a better way..

u have 3 options so test for each option

1st option is 3. So n + n+1 + n+2 = 33. so u get 3n + 3 = 33. n = 10. So 3 works.

2nd option is 6. so n + n+1 + n+2 + n+3 + n+4 + n+5 = 33. 6n + 15 + 33. n = 3. So 6 works .

3rd option. We can clearly see through common sense that this option doesnt work as the last 3 least possible consecutive number 9 10 and 11 gives u 30 already.

I think if you are quick it should take less than a minute easily and u can use this standard form for similar problems.

Yes, you can use a variable to express sequence of consecutive integers, though it's better to use some other than n as n is already used for # of terms:

x+(x+1)+(x+2)=33 --> x=10; x+(x+1)+(x+2)+(x+3)+(x+4)+(x+5)=33 --> x=3; x+(x+1)+(x+2)+...+(x+10)=33 --> x=-2, not possible as we are told that the sequence contains positive integers only.

Hi Bunuel , i used x-1,x,x+1 and it didnt work it gives rise to 3x=33?? where am i going wrong if u plz.

Nothing wrong: x=11 --> x-1=10 (the lowest of the tree integers). The same result as I have in my post. _________________