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Re: If x^2+12x−k=0, is x=4? [#permalink]
05 Jul 2013, 11:54

1

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

If x^2+12x−k=0, is x=4?

(1) (x+16) is a factor of x^2+12x−k=0, where k is a constant, and x is a variable. This implies that we can factor out x+16 from x^2+12x-k=0, so we would have (x+16)*(something)=0. Thus x=-16 is one of the roots of the given quadratic equation.

Viete's theorem states that for the roots x_1 and x_2 of a quadratic equation ax^2+bx+c=0:

x_1+x_2=\frac{-b}{a} AND x_1*x_2=\frac{c}{a}.

Thus according to the above x_1+x_2=-16+x_2=\frac{-12}{1} --> x_2=4.

So, we have that x is either -16 or 4. Not sufficient.

(2) x≠−16. Clearly insufficient.

(1)+(2) Since (2) says that x is NOT -16, then x=4. Sufficient.

Re: If x^2+12x−k=0, is x=4? [#permalink]
05 Jul 2013, 12:01

Expert's post

Bunuel wrote:

If x^2+12x−k=0, is x=4?

(1) (x+16) is a factor of x^2+12x−k=0, where k is a constant, and x is a variable. This implies that we can factor out x+16 from x^2+12x-k=0, so we would have (x+16)*(something)=0. Thus x=-16 is one of the roots of the given quadratic equation.

Viete's theorem states that for the roots x_1 and x_2 of a quadratic equation ax^2+bx+c=0:

x_1+x_2=\frac{-b}{a} AND x_1*x_2=\frac{c}{a}.

Thus according to the above x_1+x_2=-16+x_2=\frac{-12}{1} --> x_2=4.

So, we have that x is either -16 or 4. Not sufficient.

(2) x≠−16. Clearly insufficient.

(1)+(2) Since (2) says that x is NOT -16, then x=4. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

Hope it's clear.

(1)+(2)=> 1 says x=-16 and 2 says x is NOT -16...So,isn't it contradicting hence Insufficient..?

I'm having confusion at this point...Please help me understand! _________________

Re: If x^2+12x−k=0, is x=4? [#permalink]
05 Jul 2013, 12:04

Expert's post

debayan222 wrote:

Bunuel wrote:

If x^2+12x−k=0, is x=4?

(1) (x+16) is a factor of x^2+12x−k=0, where k is a constant, and x is a variable. This implies that we can factor out x+16 from x^2+12x-k=0, so we would have (x+16)*(something)=0. Thus x=-16 is one of the roots of the given quadratic equation.

Viete's theorem states that for the roots x_1 and x_2 of a quadratic equation ax^2+bx+c=0:

x_1+x_2=\frac{-b}{a} AND x_1*x_2=\frac{c}{a}.

Thus according to the above x_1+x_2=-16+x_2=\frac{-12}{1} --> x_2=4.

So, we have that x is either -16 or 4. Not sufficient.

(2) x≠−16. Clearly insufficient.

(1)+(2) Since (2) says that x is NOT -16, then x=4. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

Hope it's clear.

(1)+(2)=> 1 says x=-16 and 2 says x is NOT -16...So,isn't it contradicting hence Insufficient..?

I'm having confusion at this point...Please help me understand!

(1) says that x=-16 OR x=4. The equation is x^2+12x-64=0 (k=64) --> x=-16 OR x=4. _________________

Re: If x^2+12x−k=0, is x=4? [#permalink]
22 Aug 2013, 07:37

Bunuel wrote:

If x^2+12x−k=0, is x=4?

(1) (x+16) is a factor of x^2+12x−k=0, where k is a constant, and x is a variable. This implies that we can factor out x+16 from x^2+12x-k=0, so we would have (x+16)*(something)=0. Thus x=-16 is one of the roots of the given quadratic equation.

Viete's theorem states that for the roots x_1 and x_2 of a quadratic equation ax^2+bx+c=0:

x_1+x_2=\frac{-b}{a} AND x_1*x_2=\frac{c}{a}.

Thus according to the above x_1+x_2=-16+x_2=\frac{-12}{1} --> x_2=4.

So, we have that x is either -16 or 4. Not sufficient.

(2) x≠−16. Clearly insufficient.

(1)+(2) Since (2) says that x is NOT -16, then x=4. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

Hope it's clear.

Why A is not sufficient? X cannot be -16, as in this case X+16 =0. As I know 0 cannot be a factor or the integer. Pls. explan

Re: If x^2+12x−k=0, is x=4? [#permalink]
22 Aug 2013, 08:46

Expert's post

Dmitriy wrote:

Bunuel wrote:

If x^2+12x−k=0, is x=4?

(1) (x+16) is a factor of x^2+12x−k=0, where k is a constant, and x is a variable. This implies that we can factor out x+16 from x^2+12x-k=0, so we would have (x+16)*(something)=0. Thus x=-16 is one of the roots of the given quadratic equation.

Viete's theorem states that for the roots x_1 and x_2 of a quadratic equation ax^2+bx+c=0:

x_1+x_2=\frac{-b}{a} AND x_1*x_2=\frac{c}{a}.

Thus according to the above x_1+x_2=-16+x_2=\frac{-12}{1} --> x_2=4.

So, we have that x is either -16 or 4. Not sufficient.

(2) x≠−16. Clearly insufficient.

(1)+(2) Since (2) says that x is NOT -16, then x=4. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

Hope it's clear.

Why A is not sufficient? X cannot be -16, as in this case X+16 =0. As I know 0 cannot be a factor or the integer. Pls. explan

Factor of a number and factor of an expression are two different things. For example, both (x+16) and (x-4) are factors of x^2+12x−64=0 --> (x+16)(x-4)=0.

Re: If x^2+12x−k=0, is x=4? [#permalink]
28 Aug 2013, 21:40

Bunuel wrote:

Dmitriy wrote:

Bunuel wrote:

If x^2+12x−k=0, is x=4?

(1) (x+16) is a factor of x^2+12x−k=0, where k is a constant, and x is a variable. This implies that we can factor out x+16 from x^2+12x-k=0, so we would have (x+16)*(something)=0. Thus x=-16 is one of the roots of the given quadratic equation.

Viete's theorem states that for the roots x_1 and x_2 of a quadratic equation ax^2+bx+c=0:

x_1+x_2=\frac{-b}{a} AND x_1*x_2=\frac{c}{a}.

Thus according to the above x_1+x_2=-16+x_2=\frac{-12}{1} --> x_2=4.

So, we have that x is either -16 or 4. Not sufficient.

(2) x≠−16. Clearly insufficient.

(1)+(2) Since (2) says that x is NOT -16, then x=4. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

Hope it's clear.

Why A is not sufficient? X cannot be -16, as in this case X+16 =0. As I know 0 cannot be a factor or the integer. Pls. explan

Factor of a number and factor of an expression are two different things. For example, both (x+16) and (x-4) are factors of x^2+12x−64=0 --> (x+16)(x-4)=0.

Hope this helps.

Thanks. I didnt know about factors of an expression.

gmatclubot

Re: If x^2+12x−k=0, is x=4?
[#permalink]
28 Aug 2013, 21:40