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Re: If x and y are positive integers is y odd? [#permalink]
04 Mar 2012, 23:37
11
This post received KUDOS
Expert's post
8
This post was BOOKMARKED
If x and y are positive integers is y odd?
(1) (y+2)!/x! = odd. Notice that \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=odd\) can happen only in two cases:
A. \((y+2)!=x!\) in this case \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=1=odd\). For this case \(y\) can be even: \(y=2=even\) and \(x=4\): \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=\frac{24}{24}=1=odd\);
B. \(y=odd\) and \(x=y+1\), in this case \(\frac{(y+2)!}{(y+1)!}=y+2=odd\). For example, \(y=1=odd\) and \(x=y+1=2\): \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=\frac{3!}{2!}=3=odd\) (basically all the cases like: 3!/2!, 5!/4!, 7!/6!, ... --> y+2=odd, 3, 5, 7, ... --> y=odd, 1, 3, 5, ...).
Not sufficient.
(2) (y+2)!/x! is greater than 2. Clearly insufficient: consider \(y=1=odd\) and \(x=2\) OR \(y=2=even\) and \(x=1\).
(1)+(2) From (2) we cannot have case A, hence we have case B, which means \(y=odd\). Sufficient.
Re: If x and y are positive integers is y odd? [#permalink]
19 Aug 2013, 07:08
Bunuel wrote:
If x and y are positive integers is y odd?
(1) (y+2)!/x! = odd. Notice that \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=odd\) can happen only in two cases:
A. \((y+2)!=x!\) in this case \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=1=odd\). For this case \(y\) can be even: \(y=2=even\) and \(x=4\): \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=\frac{24}{24}=1=odd\);
B. \(y=odd\) and \(x=y+1\), in this case \(\frac{(y+2)!}{(y+1)!}=y+2=odd\). For example, \(y=1=odd\) and \(x=y+1=2\): \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=\frac{3!}{2!}=3=odd\) (basically all the cases like: 3!/2!, 5!/4!, 7!/6!, ... --> y+2=odd, 3, 5, 7, ... --> y=odd, 1, 3, 5, ...).
Not sufficient.
(2) (y+2)!/x! is greater than 2. Clearly insufficient: consider \(y=1=odd\) and \(x=2\) OR \(y=2=even\) and \(x=1\).
(1)+(2) From (2) we cannot have case A, hence we have case B, which means \(y=odd\). Sufficient.
Answer: C.
Hope it's clear.
***********
Hi Bunuel,
**B. y=odd and x=y+1, in this case \frac{(y+2)!}{(y+1)!}=y+2=odd. For example, y=1=odd and x=y+1=2: \frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=\frac{3!}{2!}=3=odd (basically all the cases like: 3!/2!, 5!/4!, 7!/6!, ... --> y+2=odd, 3, 5, 7, ... --> y=odd, 1, 3, 5, ...). **
You mentioned y=odd, 1, 3, 5, ...; and (1)+(2) From (2) we cannot have case A, hence we have case B, which means \(y=odd\). Sufficient.
Are you considering y=1 as odd? can you explain how y=1 satisfies the solution.
Re: If x and y are positive integers is y odd? [#permalink]
19 Aug 2013, 07:17
Expert's post
abhisheksriv85 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
If x and y are positive integers is y odd?
(1) (y+2)!/x! = odd. Notice that \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=odd\) can happen only in two cases:
A. \((y+2)!=x!\) in this case \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=1=odd\). For this case \(y\) can be even: \(y=2=even\) and \(x=4\): \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=\frac{24}{24}=1=odd\);
B. \(y=odd\) and \(x=y+1\), in this case \(\frac{(y+2)!}{(y+1)!}=y+2=odd\). For example, \(y=1=odd\) and \(x=y+1=2\): \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=\frac{3!}{2!}=3=odd\) (basically all the cases like: 3!/2!, 5!/4!, 7!/6!, ... --> y+2=odd, 3, 5, 7, ... --> y=odd, 1, 3, 5, ...).
Not sufficient.
(2) (y+2)!/x! is greater than 2. Clearly insufficient: consider \(y=1=odd\) and \(x=2\) OR \(y=2=even\) and \(x=1\).
(1)+(2) From (2) we cannot have case A, hence we have case B, which means \(y=odd\). Sufficient.
Answer: C.
Hope it's clear.
***********
Hi Bunuel,
**B. y=odd and x=y+1, in this case \frac{(y+2)!}{(y+1)!}=y+2=odd. For example, y=1=odd and x=y+1=2: \frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=\frac{3!}{2!}=3=odd (basically all the cases like: 3!/2!, 5!/4!, 7!/6!, ... --> y+2=odd, 3, 5, 7, ... --> y=odd, 1, 3, 5, ...). **
You mentioned y=odd, 1, 3, 5, ...; and (1)+(2) From (2) we cannot have case A, hence we have case B, which means \(y=odd\). Sufficient.
Are you considering y=1 as odd? can you explain how y=1 satisfies the solution.
Well 1 is an odd number. If \(y=1=odd\) and \(x=y+1=2\), then \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=\frac{3!}{2!}=3=odd\). _________________
Re: If x and y are positive integers is y odd? [#permalink]
19 Aug 2013, 07:20
Bunuel wrote:
abhisheksriv85 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
If x and y are positive integers is y odd?
(1) (y+2)!/x! = odd. Notice that \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=odd\) can happen only in two cases:
A. \((y+2)!=x!\) in this case \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=1=odd\). For this case \(y\) can be even: \(y=2=even\) and \(x=4\): \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=\frac{24}{24}=1=odd\);
B. \(y=odd\) and \(x=y+1\), in this case \(\frac{(y+2)!}{(y+1)!}=y+2=odd\). For example, \(y=1=odd\) and \(x=y+1=2\): \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=\frac{3!}{2!}=3=odd\) (basically all the cases like: 3!/2!, 5!/4!, 7!/6!, ... --> y+2=odd, 3, 5, 7, ... --> y=odd, 1, 3, 5, ...).
Not sufficient.
(2) (y+2)!/x! is greater than 2. Clearly insufficient: consider \(y=1=odd\) and \(x=2\) OR \(y=2=even\) and \(x=1\).
(1)+(2) From (2) we cannot have case A, hence we have case B, which means \(y=odd\). Sufficient.
Answer: C.
Hope it's clear.
***********
Hi Bunuel,
**B. y=odd and x=y+1, in this case \frac{(y+2)!}{(y+1)!}=y+2=odd. For example, y=1=odd and x=y+1=2: \frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=\frac{3!}{2!}=3=odd (basically all the cases like: 3!/2!, 5!/4!, 7!/6!, ... --> y+2=odd, 3, 5, 7, ... --> y=odd, 1, 3, 5, ...). **
You mentioned y=odd, 1, 3, 5, ...; and (1)+(2) From (2) we cannot have case A, hence we have case B, which means \(y=odd\). Sufficient.
Are you considering y=1 as odd? can you explain how y=1 satisfies the solution.
Well 1 is an odd number. If \(y=1=odd\) and \(x=y+1=2\), then \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}=\frac{3!}{2!}=3=odd\).
Re: If x and y are positive integers is y odd? [#permalink]
10 Sep 2013, 11:38
1
This post received KUDOS
devinawilliam83 wrote:
If x and y are positive integers is y odd?
(1) (y+2)!/x! = odd (2) (y+2)!/x! is greater than 2
From (1): assume: x = y + 2, so (y + 2)!/x! = 1 = odd y can odd or even, so (1) Insufficient.
From (2): assume x = y + 1, so (y + 2)!/x! = y + 2 > 2 because y is a positive integer y can odd or even, so (2) Insufficient.
From (1) + (2): (y + 2)!/x! > 2 and (y + 2)!/x! = odd Assume: (y + 2)!/x! = 3, so (y + 2)! =x!*(2k + 1) with k >=1 If x = y + 2, so 1 = 2k + 1 (wrong because k >=1) If x = y + 1, so y + 2 = 2k + 1, therefore y = odd If x = y, so (y + 1)(y + 2) = 2k + 1 (wrong) because the product of 2 consecutive integers is even. If x = y - 1, so y(y + 1)(y + 2) = 2k + 1 (wrong) because the product is always even. Only one solution is right: If x = y + 1, so y + 2 = 2k + 1, therefore y = odd
Re: If x and y are positive integers is y odd? [#permalink]
16 Sep 2013, 06:17
[quote="Bunuel"]If x and y are positive integers is y odd?
I am sorry i don't want to sound dumb, i just want to know how you assumed the cases above?? also what did you mean by:"(1)+(2) From (2) we cannot have case A, hence we have case B, which means . Sufficient."
Re: If x and y are positive integers is y odd? [#permalink]
23 Dec 2013, 03:30
2
This post received KUDOS
skamran wrote:
also what did you mean by:"(1)+(2) From (2) we cannot have case A, hence we have case B, which means . Sufficient."
Will appreciate your help.
Let's see if I can help you out. This question involves the knowledge of few concepts.
1) The division of two factorial expressions has to be odd. When does it happen? since a factorial say y! is the product amongst y, (y-1), (y-2) and so on, this sequence will always contain a multiple of two unless y is 1 or 0 (remember 1! =1 and 0! =1). In our case x and y are positive integers thus the lowest value y can assume is 1. If y=1 then (y+2)!=3!. We will not face the zero factorial case thus we can safely get rid of it.
Back to our question: if we want to obtain an odd integer from \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}\) either
1. the two numbers have to be equal (entailing 1 as a quotient) EG
y=1 ---> (y+2)!=3! x!=3! - result is 1 = odd integer. In this case y is odd
y=2 (y+2)!=4! x!=4! - result is 1 = odd integer. In this case y is even.
2. or x! has to be one less than (y+2)! with y as an odd number.
EG y=3 (y+2)!=5!
x!=4! - 5! upon 4! yields 5 and y must be ODD.
Statement one is thus insufficient by itself.
2) this statement doesn't tell us anything interesting besides that x! must be different from (y+2)! y can assume both an even and an odd value. Not sufficient
1+2) Statement 2 conveys us that x! must be different from (y+2)! This said we can get rid of case one in our statement 1 analysis. Now we are sure that Y is an odd integer.
Sufficient _________________
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Re: If x and y are positive integers is y odd? [#permalink]
03 Feb 2014, 04:54
(1): \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}\) is odd. Clearly \(x<=(y+2)\).
Let x=y+2 then \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!}\) =1 y can be even or odd. so (1) is insufficient
(2): \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!} > 2\) so x has to be less than y+2
Let x=y+1 then
\(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!} > 2\)
is \(y+2>2\)
From this y can be any +ve integer. insufficient.
(1)+(2)
\(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!} > 2\) and also odd.
Continuing the analysis from above, if y+2>2 and y+2 is odd, then y has to be odd.
Next Let x=y
then \(\frac{(y+2)!}{x!} > 2\)
is (y+2)(y+1) > 2. Notice (y+2) & (y+1) are consecutive integers. their product will always be even. This contradicts (1)+(2) hence x cannot be equal to y.
similarly x cannot be equal to y-1 and so on.
x has to be equal to y+1. and y must be odd. We have a concrete answer, y is odd. (1)+(2) is sufficient. _________________
Re: If x and y are positive integers is y odd? [#permalink]
13 Feb 2014, 03:40
3
This post received KUDOS
Expert's post
devinawilliam83 wrote:
If x and y are positive integers is y odd?
(1) (y+2)!/x! = odd (2) (y+2)!/x! is greater than 2
It's pretty easy to see the answer is (C) if you understand the concept of factorials well.
Note that a! = 1*2*3*4...(a-1)*a So a! is the product of alternate odd and even numbers. a!/b! will be an integer only if a >= b
(1) (y+2)!/x! = odd So y+2 >= x Two Cases: Case (i) If y+2 = x, (y+2)!/x! = 1 (odd). y could be odd or even. Case (ii) If y+2 > x, y+2 must be only one more than x. If y+2 is 2 more than x, you wil have two extra terms in the numerator and one of them will be even. So to ensure that (y+2)!/x! is odd, y+2 must be only 1 more than x and must be odd so all we are left in the numerator is (y+2) which must be odd. y must be odd. y could be odd or even so this statement alone is not sufficient.
(2) (y+2)!/x! is greater than 2 This means y+2 > x. But we have no idea about whether y is odd or even. Not sufficient.
Using both statements together, we know that only Case (ii) above is possible and hence y must be odd.
Case 1: (Y+2)!/X! = Odd If Y=3, then the above equation can only be odd when X= (Y+2)-1 which is 4. So you get 5!/4! =5. If Y=2, and X=4, 4!/4! = 1 which is also odd. Hence, Insufficient.
Case 2:(Y+2)!/X! is greater than 2 This holds for multiple values of Y and X. Hence clearly, Insufficient.
Together, if it is greater than 2 then it means Y has to be odd. Hence C!
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