Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

It appears that you are browsing the GMAT Club forum unregistered!

Signing up is free, quick, and confidential.
Join other 350,000 members and get the full benefits of GMAT Club

Registration gives you:

Tests

Take 11 tests and quizzes from GMAT Club and leading GMAT prep companies such as Manhattan GMAT,
Knewton, and others. All are free for GMAT Club members.

Applicant Stats

View detailed applicant stats such as GPA, GMAT score, work experience, location, application
status, and more

Books/Downloads

Download thousands of study notes,
question collections, GMAT Club’s
Grammar and Math books.
All are free!

Thank you for using the timer!
We noticed you are actually not timing your practice. Click the START button first next time you use the timer.
There are many benefits to timing your practice, including:

Re: If x is a positive integer, which of the following CANNOT be [#permalink]
12 Feb 2014, 15:10

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email. _________________

Re: If x is a positive integer, which of the following CANNOT be [#permalink]
27 Mar 2014, 20:21

2

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

1

This post was BOOKMARKED

PareshGmat wrote:

If we take x = 2 & calculate, we cant get the answers; seems that x has to be taken 1 to execute all the options

Any random value of x will not help you get the answer. Even if you do not try x = 1, you can use reasoning to solve this question.

A. \(x^5\) If x is a number with an even power, such as \(x = a^4\) (a is an integer), then \(x^5 = a^{20} = n^2\) n will be \(a^{10}\), an integer here.

B. \(x^2 - 1\) \(x^2 - 1 = n^2\) You need two consecutive perfect squares. Only 0 and 1 are consecutive perfect squares. Thereafter, the distance between perfect squares keeps increasing. x needs to be a positive integers so if x = 1, n = 0 (an integer)

C. \(\sqrt{x^8}\) \(\sqrt{x^8} = x^4 = n^2\) n will be \(x^2\), an integer here.

D. \(x^2 + 1\) x is a positive integer so it must be at least 1. After 1, there are no two consecutive integers. n cannot be an integer.

E. \(\sqrt{x^5}\) If x is a number with an even power which is a multiple of 4, such as \(x = a^4\) (a is an integer), then \(\sqrt{x^5} = \sqrt{a^{20}} = a^{10} = n^2\) n will be \(a^5\), an integer here.

Re: If x is a positive integer, which of the following CANNOT be [#permalink]
30 Mar 2014, 18:01

3

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

Mountain14 wrote:

Even though Bunuel and karishma have answered this question, I am not able to digest any fundamental of this ....

Not sure how to crack this one... as I got this question in my Veritas prep exam today...

Look, the question simply asks which option CANNOT be a perfect square. In the options, x is a positive integer.

Can x^5 be a perfect square? Can x take some value such that x^5 is a perfect square? Say, x = 4. Then x^5 = 4^5 = 2^10 This is a perfect square. Hence for some value of x, x^5 could be a perfect square. Hence this is not our answer. How do we find a value for which x^5 will be a perfect square? Perfect squares have even powers. We have x^5 which is an odd power. To get an even power, we could select x such that it already has an even power - we selected x = 2^2. Similarly, x could be 1^2 or 3^2 or 4^2 or 5^2 or 3^4 etc

Now think, can x^2 - 1 be a perfect square? The reasoning for all the options is given in the post above.

A more intuitive approach is putting x = 1 as given by Bunuel. When x = 1, all options except option (D) results in a perfect square. So we know that all options CAN be perfect squares except (D). By elimination, answer must be (D). _________________

Re: If x is a positive integer, which of the following CANNOT be [#permalink]
30 Mar 2014, 20:18

VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:

Mountain14 wrote:

Even though Bunuel and karishma have answered this question, I am not able to digest any fundamental of this ....

Not sure how to crack this one... as I got this question in my Veritas prep exam today...

Look, the question simply asks which option CANNOT be a perfect square. In the options, x is a positive integer.

Can x^5 be a perfect square? Can x take some value such that x^5 is a perfect square? Say, x = 4. Then x^5 = 4^5 = 2^10 This is a perfect square. Hence for some value of x, x^5 could be a perfect square. Hence this is not our answer. How do we find a value for which x^5 will be a perfect square? Perfect squares have even powers. We have x^5 which is an odd power. To get an even power, we could select x such that it already has an even power - we selected x = 2^2. Similarly, x could be 1^2 or 3^2 or 4^2 or 5^2 or 3^4 etc

Now think, can x^2 - 1 be a perfect square? The reasoning for all the options is given in the post above.

A more intuitive approach is putting x = 1 as given by Bunuel. When x = 1, all options except option (D) results in a perfect square. So we know that all options CAN be perfect squares except (D). By elimination, answer must be (D).

So the one point where I get tripped up is the X^2 - 1. 0 is assumed to be a perfect square?

How can I tell from the verbage of the question that what they are asking for is determining whether or not something is a perfect square or not?

Re: If x is a positive integer, which of the following CANNOT be [#permalink]
30 Mar 2014, 21:59

Expert's post

dbiersdo wrote:

VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:

Mountain14 wrote:

Even though Bunuel and karishma have answered this question, I am not able to digest any fundamental of this ....

Not sure how to crack this one... as I got this question in my Veritas prep exam today...

Look, the question simply asks which option CANNOT be a perfect square. In the options, x is a positive integer.

Can x^5 be a perfect square? Can x take some value such that x^5 is a perfect square? Say, x = 4. Then x^5 = 4^5 = 2^10 This is a perfect square. Hence for some value of x, x^5 could be a perfect square. Hence this is not our answer. How do we find a value for which x^5 will be a perfect square? Perfect squares have even powers. We have x^5 which is an odd power. To get an even power, we could select x such that it already has an even power - we selected x = 2^2. Similarly, x could be 1^2 or 3^2 or 4^2 or 5^2 or 3^4 etc

Now think, can x^2 - 1 be a perfect square? The reasoning for all the options is given in the post above.

A more intuitive approach is putting x = 1 as given by Bunuel. When x = 1, all options except option (D) results in a perfect square. So we know that all options CAN be perfect squares except (D). By elimination, answer must be (D).

So the one point where I get tripped up is the X^2 - 1. 0 is assumed to be a perfect square?

How can I tell from the verbage of the question that what they are asking for is determining whether or not something is a perfect square or not?

Thanks for the help.

Yes, both 0 and 1 are perfect squares.

"Can you express 'this' as n^2 where n is an integer?" asks us whether we can write 'this' as square of an integer. Square of an integer is a perfect square. So the question becomes "Can you express 'this' as a perfect square?"

Slightly convoluted verbiage is common in GMAT. _________________

Re: If x is a positive integer, which of the following CANNOT be [#permalink]
29 Jul 2015, 05:05

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email. _________________

On September 6, 2015, I started my MBA journey at London Business School. I took some pictures on my way from the airport to school, and uploaded them on...

When I was growing up, I read a story about a piccolo player. A master orchestra conductor came to town and he decided to practice with the largest orchestra...

I’ll start off with a quote from another blog post I’ve written : “not all great communicators are great leaders, but all great leaders are great communicators.” Being...