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(1) 4x = 3y --> \(x=\frac{3}{4}y\), well this one is relatively easy. This statement only tells that x and y have the same sign. When they are both positive then \(x>y\), BUT when they are both negative \(y>x\). Not sufficient.
(2) \(|y - x| = x - y\) --> \(|y - x| = -(y-x)\). This means that \(y - x\leq{0}\) --> \(x\geq{y}\). Thus, this statement says that x can be more than or equal to y. Not sufficient.
(1)+(2) From (1) (\(x=\frac{3}{4}y\)) it follows that \(x\) is not equal to \(y\) (bearing in mind that xy ≠ 0), hence from (2): \(x>y\). Sufficient.
okay so my answer is wrong..can't figure out what i did wrong on statement 2
What you missed is that (2) is true not only when x>y but also when x=y. Hence we can not say for sure that x>y, as x>=y. Not sufficient. _________________
\(|y - x| = x - y\). Look at the LHS it's absolute value, it's never negative, hence RHS or \(x-y\) is never negative, \(x-y>=0\) or \(y-x<=0\). If so then only one possibility for \(|y - x|\), it must be \(-y+x\).
So we'll have: Condition: \(y-x<=0\), which is the same as \(x>=y\)
The above means that \(|y - x| = x - y\) is always true for \(x>=y\). But as we concluded earlier it's not enough. We need to be sure that \(x>y\). And \(x>=y\) leaves the possibility that they are equal, which is removed with the statement (1) when considering together. Hence C. _________________
st 1) y=1, x=3/4 - false y=-1, x=-3/4 - true Not sufficient st 2) |y-x| =x-y--> x>y Sufficient coz |-x| = -(-x) = x -- basically a negative numbers should be negated again to get the result for absolute value all the cases as cay that x>y but fails when x=y
combining we can answer the question
C
<didnt consider x=y option, so answered as B >
Last edited by chix475ntu on 11 Feb 2010, 09:06, edited 1 time in total.
st 1) y=1, x=3/4 - false y=-1, x=-3/4 - true Not sufficient st 2) |y-x| =x-y--> x>y Sufficient coz |-x| = -(-x) = x -- basically a negative numbers should be negated again to get the result for absolute value
B
B alone is not sufficient as we dont know whether x=y?
So A gives information that x is not = y.
So Final ans is C This was nice question...even I would have done the same mistake in the exam..Its really important to think of all the possibilities on the G day. _________________
1) Now x=(3/4)y so y > x means statement 1 alone is sufficient to answer the question.
2) Using some values for x & y we can find if x>y then statement |y - x| = x - y is true and if y>x then statement |y - x| = x - y is not true. Hence statement 2 alone is sufficient to answer question.
Either statement is sufficient to answer question so answer is D.
(1) \(4x = 3y\) --> if \(x\) and \(y\) are both positive, then \(x<y\) BUT if they are both negative then \(x>y\). Not sufficient. But from this statement we can grasp an important property we'll use while evaluating statements together: as \(xy\neq0\) then from statement (1) \(x\neq{y}\).
(2) \(|y-x|=x-y\). Now as LHS is absolute value, which is never negative, RHS must also be \(\geq0\) --> so \(x-y\geq0\) --> then \(|y-x|=-(y-x)\), and we'll get \(-(y-x)=x-y\) --> \(0=0\), which is true. This means that equation \(|y-x|=x-y\) holds true when \(x-y\geq0\) or, which is the same, when \(x\geq{y}\). But this not enough as \(x=y\) is still possible. Not sufficient.
(1)+(2) From (1) we got that \(x\neq{y}\) and from (2) \(x\geq{y}\), hence \(x>y\). Sufficient.
Re: If xy 0, is x > y? (1) 4x = 3y (2) |y - x| = x - y [#permalink]
26 Sep 2013, 08:28
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(1) \(4x = 3y\) --> if \(x\) and \(y\) are both positive, then \(x<y\) BUT if they are both negative then \(x>y\). Not sufficient. But from this statement we can grasp an important property we'll use while evaluating statements together: as \(xy\neq0\) then from statement (1) \(x\neq{y}\).
(2) \(|y-x|=x-y\). Now as LHS is absolute value, which is never negative, RHS must also be \(\geq0\) --> so \(x-y\geq0\) --> then \(|y-x|=-(y-x)\), and we'll get \(-(y-x)=x-y\) --> \(0=0\), which is true. This means that equation \(|y-x|=x-y\) holds true when \(x-y\geq0\) or, which is the same, when \(x\geq{y}\). But this not enough as \(x=y\) is still possible. Not sufficient.
(1)+(2) From (1) we got that \(x\neq{y}\) and from (2) \(x\geq{y}\), hence \(x>y\). Sufficient.
Answer: C.
Hope it helps.
Dear Bunuel:
I am a bit confused with this problem. I don't have a problem to understand the first statement, but I do have a problem trying to understand the second one..
I saw a user on this thread was solving the second statement as this:
2. |y - x| = x - y
y - x = x - y 2x = 2y x=y
-y + x = x-y 0=0
Isn't his way of solving the correct way to solve this kind of problems? I have seen some other exercises and they always negate the LHS that has the absolute value on it regarding of the inequality symbol or equality. I would like to learn why we are not doing this on this problem.
If I am wrong, would you be so kind to revamp the way of solving statement 2, I already read the way you solved it, but it was not 100% clear for me.
(1) \(4x = 3y\) --> if \(x\) and \(y\) are both positive, then \(x<y\) BUT if they are both negative then \(x>y\). Not sufficient. But from this statement we can grasp an important property we'll use while evaluating statements together: as \(xy\neq0\) then from statement (1) \(x\neq{y}\).
(2) \(|y-x|=x-y\). Now as LHS is absolute value, which is never negative, RHS must also be \(\geq0\) --> so \(x-y\geq0\) --> then \(|y-x|=-(y-x)\), and we'll get \(-(y-x)=x-y\) --> \(0=0\), which is true. This means that equation \(|y-x|=x-y\) holds true when \(x-y\geq0\) or, which is the same, when \(x\geq{y}\). But this not enough as \(x=y\) is still possible. Not sufficient.
(1)+(2) From (1) we got that \(x\neq{y}\) and from (2) \(x\geq{y}\), hence \(x>y\). Sufficient.
Answer: C.
Hope it helps.
Dear Bunuel:
I am a bit confused with this problem. I don't have a problem to understand the first statement, but I do have a problem trying to understand the second one..
I saw a user on this thread was solving the second statement as this:
2. |y - x| = x - y
y - x = x - y 2x = 2y x=y
-y + x = x-y 0=0
Isn't his way of solving the correct way to solve this kind of problems? I have seen some other exercises and they always negate the LHS that has the absolute value on it regarding of the inequality symbol or equality. I would like to learn why we are not doing this on this problem.
If I am wrong, would you be so kind to revamp the way of solving statement 2, I already read the way you solved it, but it was not 100% clear for me.
Thanks in advance.
There can be many correct ways to solve a questions.
Try this one: (2) says that \(|y-x|=-(y-x)\). We know that \(|x|=-x\), when \(x\leq{0}\), thus \(y-x\leq{0}\). _________________
Re: If xy 0, is x > y? (1) 4x = 3y (2) |y - x| = x - y [#permalink]
27 Nov 2013, 05:13
Economist wrote:
If xy ≠ 0, is x > y?
(1) 4x = 3y
(2) |y - x| = x - y
Question is: Is x>y?
Statement 1 4x = 3y x/y=3/4 Not sufficient, we need to know their signs
Statement 2 |y - x| = x - y We can rearrange LHS as |-(-y + x|) = |(x-y|) So we end up with |(x-y|=x-y, meaning that |x-y|>=0 or x>=y Could be equal or could be greater. Insuff
Both together, they can't be equal to it is Suff
Answer is C Hope it helps Cheers! J
gmatclubot
Re: If xy 0, is x > y? (1) 4x = 3y (2) |y - x| = x - y
[#permalink]
27 Nov 2013, 05:13
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