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Each week we'll be posting several questions from The Official Guide For GMAT® Quantitative Review, 2ND Edition and then after couple of days we'll provide Official Answer (OA) to them along with a slution.

We'll be glad if you participate in development of this project: 1. Please provide your solutions to the questions; 2. Please vote for the best solutions by pressing Kudos button; 3. Please vote for the questions themselves by pressing Kudos button; 4. Please share your views on difficulty level of the questions, so that we have most precise evaluation.

Re: If xy < 3, is x < 1? [#permalink]
26 Jan 2014, 09:38

Expert's post

1

This post was BOOKMARKED

SOLUTION

If xy < 3, is x < 1?

(1) y > 3. If x were \(\geq{1}\), then xy would be more than or equal to 3, which would contradcit the condition that xy < 3. Thus x must be less than 1. Sufficient.

(2) x < 3. Not sufficient: consider x=y=0 and x=2 and y=0. Not sufficient.

Re: If xy < 3, is x < 1? [#permalink]
26 Jan 2014, 22:03

From S1:y>3=>x=fraction/negative integer=>x<1.Sufficient From S2:x<3=>x=2,1,0...depending on y.It cannot be said whether x<1 or >1.Hence insufficient. Ans.A

Re: If xy < 3, is x < 1? [#permalink]
01 Feb 2014, 08:07

Expert's post

SOLUTION

If xy < 3, is x < 1?

(1) y > 3. If x were \(\geq{1}\), then xy would be more than or equal to 3, which would contradcit the condition that xy < 3. Thus x must be less than 1. Sufficient.

(2) x < 3. Not sufficient: consider x=y=0 and x=2 and y=0. Not sufficient.

Re: If xy < 3, is x < 1? [#permalink]
19 Nov 2014, 15:18

If xy < 3, is x < 1?

(1) y > 3. If x were \(\geq{1}\), then xy would be more than or equal to 3, which would contradict the condition that xy < 3. Thus x must be less than 1. Sufficient.

(2) x < 3. Not sufficient: consider x=y=0 and x=2 and y=0. Not sufficient.

Answer: A.

I'm a bit confused after analyzing another similar question with different solution

In st1, why negative values of x are not being considered ? I came up with answer "E", considering negative values of x

However, just when I was convinced that, values of x and y need to be assumed positive in this type of prompt, I met the following question

Is xy < 6?

(1) x < 3 and y < 2. (2) 1/2 < x < 2/3 and y^2 < 64.

Data Sufficiency, Question: 68, Page: 157, OG quant review 2nd edition

SOLUTION

Is xy < 6?

(1) x < 3 and y < 2 --> now, if both x and y are equal to zero then xy=0<6 and the answer will be YES but if both x and y are small enough negative numbers, for example -10 and -10 then xy=100>6 and the answer will be NO. Not sufficient.

(2) \frac{1}{2}<x<\frac{2}{3} and y^2<64, which is equivalent to -8<y<8 --> even if we take the boundary values of x and y to maximize their product we'll get: xy=\frac{2}{3}*8\approx{5.3}<6, so the answer to the question "is xy<6?" will always be YES. Sufficient.

Answer: B.

Here, both the positive and negative values of x and y have been considered.

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