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Illegal copying of computer programs

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Illegal copying of computer programs [#permalink] New post 10 Sep 2013, 12:08
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

84% (02:03) correct 16% (01:07) wrong based on 0 sessions
While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of computer programs by attempting to change people's attitudes toward pirating, others by suggesting reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling for the prosecution of those who copy software illegally. (OG 10)

A) by suggesting reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling B) by suggesting the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others call

C) suggest the reduction of software prices for decreasing the incentive for pirating, and still others call

D) suggest the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling

E)suggest reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others are calling


I broke it down in terms of parallelism. Some propose is in the correct part of the sentence so to remain parallel ' others suggest' makes the most sense. 'Reducing' is parallel with 'attempting'.

I highlighted the beginning of D & E, can you elaborate the difference between 'the reduction' and 'reducing'. To remain parallel the structure is Subject/Verb/Modifier per answer posts I've seen.

"Reducing" is a verb-ing w/o the comma but what is it modifying? It comes after a DC clause ( subject = others v = suggest).

E is the correct answer

Thanks,
Alexander
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Re: Illegal copying of computer programs [#permalink] New post 10 Sep 2013, 23:38
Hi,

I think it has to be E because of parallelism: all the -ing verbs (...attempting...reducing....calling....).

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Re: Illegal copying of computer programs [#permalink] New post 11 Sep 2013, 18:39
tchang wrote:
Hi,

I think it has to be E because of parallelism: all the -ing verbs (...attempting...reducing....calling....).

t1000


Some propose, others suggest...is the other type of parallelism I came up with. You're correct the elements in the 2nd part of the sentence are parallel, I'm trying to figure out why 'suggest' is correct.
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Re: Illegal copying of computer programs [#permalink] New post 11 Sep 2013, 23:29
Expert's post
EasyAL43 wrote:
While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of computer programs by attempting to change people's attitudes toward pirating, others by suggesting reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling for the prosecution of those who copy software illegally. (OG 10)

A) by suggesting reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling B) by suggesting the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others call

C) suggest the reduction of software prices for decreasing the incentive for pirating, and still others call

D) suggest the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling

E)suggest reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others are calling


I broke it down in terms of parallelism. Some propose is in the correct part of the sentence so to remain parallel ' others suggest' makes the most sense. 'Reducing' is parallel with 'attempting'.

I highlighted the beginning of D & E, can you elaborate the difference between 'the reduction' and 'reducing'. To remain parallel the structure is Subject/Verb/Modifier per answer posts I've seen.

"Reducing" is a verb-ing w/o the comma but what is it modifying? It comes after a DC clause ( subject = others v = suggest).

E is the correct answer

Thanks,
Alexander


Hi Alexander,

Thanks for bringing up this doubt.

Firstly, I don’t think the usage of “reducing” in place of “the reduction” makes any difference.

Here “reducing” is a “Verb-ing that acts as a Noun” (A gerund, if you may say so).

So essentially both reduction and reducing are playing the parts of nouns.

Let me show you the problem with Option D.
• While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of computer programs by attempting to change people's attitudes toward pirating,
• others suggest the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and
• still others by calling for the prosecution of those
o who copy software illegally.

There is no verb for the subject “others” in the third clause.

This is the reason for rejecting Option D.
As you can see, this error has been rectified in Option E which is the Correct Option.

Hope this helps! :)

Regards,
Krishna

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Re: Illegal copying of computer programs [#permalink] New post 12 Sep 2013, 17:16
I noticed a yesterday 'suggest' was a verb that needed to match with others, hence my comment last night. Thanks for confirming!


egmat wrote:
EasyAL43 wrote:
While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of computer programs by attempting to change people's attitudes toward pirating, others by suggesting reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling for the prosecution of those who copy software illegally. (OG 10)

A) by suggesting reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling B) by suggesting the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others call

C) suggest the reduction of software prices for decreasing the incentive for pirating, and still others call

D) suggest the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling

E)suggest reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others are calling


I broke it down in terms of parallelism. Some propose is in the correct part of the sentence so to remain parallel ' others suggest' makes the most sense. 'Reducing' is parallel with 'attempting'.

I highlighted the beginning of D & E, can you elaborate the difference between 'the reduction' and 'reducing'. To remain parallel the structure is Subject/Verb/Modifier per answer posts I've seen.

"Reducing" is a verb-ing w/o the comma but what is it modifying? It comes after a DC clause ( subject = others v = suggest).

E is the correct answer

Thanks,
Alexander


Hi Alexander,

Thanks for bringing up this doubt.

Firstly, I don’t think the usage of “reducing” in place of “the reduction” makes any difference.

Here “reducing” is a “Verb-ing that acts as a Noun” (A gerund, if you may say so).

So essentially both reduction and reducing are playing the parts of nouns.

Let me show you the problem with Option D.
• While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of computer programs by attempting to change people's attitudes toward pirating,
• others suggest the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and
• still others by calling for the prosecution of those
o who copy software illegally.

There is no verb for the subject “others” in the third clause.

This is the reason for rejecting Option D.
As you can see, this error has been rectified in Option E which is the Correct Option.

Hope this helps! :)

Regards,
Krishna
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Re: Illegal copying of computer programs [#permalink] New post 02 Jan 2014, 07:56
[quote="EasyAL43"]While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of computer programs by attempting to change people's attitudes toward pirating, others by suggesting reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling for the prosecution of those who copy software illegally. (OG 10)

A) by suggesting reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling B) by suggesting the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others call

C) suggest the reduction of software prices for decreasing the incentive for pirating, and still others call

D) suggest the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling

E)suggest reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others are calling

though we should not study og 10, this question is different. it is worth studying.

regarding C and E.

the idiom is "reduction for doing" not "reduction to do".

there are 2 problems with E.

reducing is not used to refer to general action which is not done by a agent/subject in the sentence. we should use noun for this case. we only use doing when there is no noun exist. this point is make clear in manhantan forum.

"are calling" is not paralel with "propose " and "suggest" . we have no clear reason the change the tense.

C is best

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Re: Illegal copying of computer programs [#permalink] New post 02 Jan 2014, 08:10
While some propose to combat ... copying ... by attempting to change ..., others by suggesting reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling for the prosecution of those who copy software illegally.

D) suggest the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling
E)suggest reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others are calling

If you shorten the sentence by removing the fillers, you can easily determine the parallelism even if you just read the sentence: While some propose to combat copying by attempting to change ... others suggest reducing to decrease incentive... Hence E is the answer!

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Re: Illegal copying of computer programs   [#permalink] 02 Jan 2014, 08:10
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