Improved technology and equipment often result in fewer : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Improved technology and equipment often result in fewer

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Improved technology and equipment often result in fewer [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2010, 10:48
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Improved technology and equipment often result in fewer injuries during high-risk activities such as rock climbing and scuba diving. But participant education also plays a large role in reducing the number of injuries sustained during these activities. People who are poorly trained in these activities run a much higher risk of injury even if provided with the latest and best equipment.

Which of the following can be properly inferred from the information above?

A Training is a more important safety factor than equipment in high-risk activities.
B People who are properly trained in their activities do not sustain injuries.
C The safety benefits of the latest equipment can be offset by inadequate preparation.
D Rock climbing and scuba diving are more risky than any other activities.
E People with the latest equipment often neglect proper training.

OA will be posted later.
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10 Aug 2010, 11:14
I see the Spygirl B - you don't want to be enchanted by her only to be stabbed in the morning LOL !

Its definitely C.

A Training is a more important safety factor than equipment in high-risk activities. >>>> Premise treats both at the same level. Classical gmat comparison trap.
B People who are properly trained in their activities do not sustain injuries. >>>>The spygirl. "NOT" is too far fetched. Hence the keyword uncloaks this one.
C The safety benefits of the latest equipment can be offset by inadequate preparation. Answer. >>>> Pretty lame hence the answer.
D Rock climbing and scuba diving are more risky than any other activities. >>> Cannot be inferred. No data.
E People with the latest equipment often neglect proper training. >>>> Cannot be inferred. No data.
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10 Aug 2010, 11:17
can you explain more on the classic trap? I definitely fell for it and can't be seem to get out =(
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10 Aug 2010, 11:35
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A Training is a more important safety factor than equipment in high-risk activities.--------->
Yeah this is a classic pattern. The choice that compares two items the stimulus treats equally.
I have marked the keywords - fewer, but, also. This is everything I need to analyze.

P1 : Improved technology avoids injuries
P2: But participant education also plays a large role.

Inferences :
Improved technology is NOT important than participant education ----> Correct. You are safe ! No data has been given to make comparison. Zero contradictions.

Both are required to avoid injury. Again you are safe ! ----> This is lame. Nobody can contradict.

Remember in inference the answer is the MOST lame choice which can be contradicted 0.000001% (practically zero contradictions). Hope this is clear.

Improved technology and equipment often result in fewer injuries during high-risk activities such as rock climbing and scuba diving. But participant education also plays a large role in reducing the number of injuries sustained during these activities. People who are poorly trained in these activities run a much higher risk of injury even if provided with the latest and best equipment.

vwjetty wrote:
can you explain more on the classic trap? I definitely fell for it and can't be seem to get out =(

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10 Aug 2010, 11:40

A nobody says that training is more important than safety equipment
B It's out of conclusion
C This is what whole stimulus is about and I believe this is the correct answer must be
D We can't say that they are more more risky because we don't have any information about other activities
E This is also not connected with conclusion
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10 Aug 2010, 11:43
I disagree with C.

People who are poorly trained in these activities run a much higher risk of injury even if provided with the latest and best equipment. This can be used to reach A.

A Training is a more important safety factor than equipment in high-risk activities.
-- This can be correctly inferred from the last sentence of the argument. Hence A is a correct answer.

B People who are properly trained in their activities do not sustain injuries.
-- 'Do not sustain injuries' -- exaggerated choice and hence incorrect.

C The safety benefits of the latest equipment can be offset by inadequate preparation.
-- Opposite answer. It states exactly opposite to author's argument. Hence C is incorrect answer choice.

D Rock climbing and scuba diving are more risky than any other activities.
-- Though they are risky, author no where mentions its risky than other activities.

E People with the latest equipment often neglect proper training.
-- New information hence incorrect answer choice.

Thanks,
Akhil M.Parekh
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10 Aug 2010, 11:46
amp0201

You must be kidding man:))

Who says that training is more important than equipment?? Even we can't conclude this from the given information

Last edited by Pavle on 10 Aug 2010, 11:49, edited 1 time in total.
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10 Aug 2010, 11:48
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amp0201 wrote:
I disagree with C.

People who are poorly trained in these activities run a much higher risk of injury even if provided with the latest and best equipment. This can be used to reach A.

A Training is a more important safety factor than equipment in high-risk activities.
-- This can be correctly inferred from the last sentence of the argument. Hence A is a correct answer.

B People who are properly trained in their activities do not sustain injuries.
-- 'Do not sustain injuries' -- exaggerated choice and hence incorrect.

C The safety benefits of the latest equipment can be offset by inadequate preparation.
-- Opposite answer. It states exactly opposite to author's argument. Hence C is incorrect answer choice.

D Rock climbing and scuba diving are more risky than any other activities.
-- Though they are risky, author no where mentions its risky than other activities.

E People with the latest equipment often neglect proper training.
-- New information hence incorrect answer choice.

Thanks,
Akhil M.Parekh

ok I think it says...

"...But participant education also plays a large role in reducing the number of injuries sustained during these activities. People who are poorly trained in these activities run a much higher risk of injury even if provided with the latest and best equipment."

It plays a large role so it's not definite is where I would probably come to eliminate A.

This is indeed a tricky question and I hope to catch ones like this next time around. Mad kudo's to you all for the help and support.
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10 Aug 2010, 11:49
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Ok for those denying the trap - I have parallel question. Source Kaplan !
If you pick the trap then we have problems ! How about picking B or C?

Although most people know that exercise is good
for the body, few realize the extent to which it is
valuable to the mind. The blood circulates more
rapidly after physical exertion, thus allowing all
of the body’s organs to operate more efficiently.
This increased activity enables the brain to
receive more oxygen, thereby creating a higher
capacity for concentration.
The main point in the argument above is that
(A) the greater the amount of oxygen the brain
functions.
(B) exercise is a mental, as well as physical,
activity.
(C) exercise helps the brain more than it does
the rest of the body.
(D) people can greatly improve their powers of
concentration by exercising more often.
(E) exercise serves more than one purpose.
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10 Aug 2010, 11:51
Kudos for interesting question

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10 Aug 2010, 13:18
I'd go with B on that one.
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10 Aug 2010, 14:14
B is the Spygirl.
C is the comparison trap which we have already discussed.

There is absolutely no data to conclude B or C.

Although most people know that exercise is good
for the body, few realize the extent to which it is
valuable to the mind.

Although and valuable are keywords which puts the benefits at the same level. And there is no data to conclude that exercise is a mental activity.

Hence OA is E.

vwjetty wrote:
I'd go with B on that one.

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10 Aug 2010, 16:26
wow i feel dumb....
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10 Aug 2010, 17:33
(A) the greater the amount of oxygen the brain receives, the better the brain functions. < working of brain is not directly proportional to oxygen supply>
(B) exercise is a mental, as well as physical, activity. <ok thats great>
(C) exercise helps the brain more than it does the rest of the body.<it helps both the brain + body>
(D) people can greatly improve their powers of concentration by exercising more often.<not necessarily, p.e helps in better concentration does not make you Einstein >
(E) exercise serves more than one purpose. <bingo>
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22 Aug 2010, 03:19
OH that was a wonderful trap question mavrik.....Stupidly trapped I was!!
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22 Aug 2010, 03:22
great discussion guys. thanks!
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26 Aug 2010, 02:30
it seems although A sounds OK but it's exaggerating, and we can come to that level of importance.
Although C casts a doubt for its choice of word, i.e preparation, it is the best answer.
Am I right?
Re: Safety   [#permalink] 26 Aug 2010, 02:30
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