In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many

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Director
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In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 10:38
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In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and their selling pushed other investors to the brink.

(A) speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and
(B) speculators who had bought on margin; having had to sell,
(C) speculators who had bought on margin; they had to sell, and
(D) speculators, those who had bought on margin; these speculators had to sell, and
(E) speculators, who, having bought on margin and having to sell,
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Re: SC - market margin [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 11:48
Will go for C here .Those and these in D are not required .Other choices are awkward
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Re: SC - market margin [#permalink]

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08 May 2008, 13:19
saravalli wrote:
In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and their selling pushed other investors to the brink.

(A) speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and
(B) speculators who had bought on margin; having had to sell,
(C) speculators who had bought on margin; they had to sell, and
(D) speculators, those who had bought on margin; these speculators had to sell, and
(E) speculators, who, having bought on margin and having to sell,

I will go with C.

I was between B and C. A, D, and E seem awkward and I felt that B is wrong by using "having had" as incorrectly using a form of past tense.
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Re: SC - market margin [#permalink]

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08 May 2008, 13:35
speculators bought before the marked declined. So I think we need past perfect tense "had bought" ; A & E are out.
Between B & C my pick is C.

saravalli wrote:
In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and their selling pushed other investors to the brink.

(A) speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and
(B) speculators who had bought on margin; having had to sell,
>> hmm I prefer C, need a strong reason as to why this is incorrect ?
(C) speculators who had bought on margin; they had to sell, and
(D) speculators, those who had bought on margin; these speculators had to sell, and
>> lengthy we dont have to repeat "these speculators". Use of "they" would be concise.
(E) speculators, who, having bought on margin and having to sell,

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Re: SC - market margin [#permalink]

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08 May 2008, 13:51
VERB TENSE

(A) speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and [ Past Perfect is better choice to express two actions in the past + “they” is incorrect pronoun to refer subject “ small declines]”
(B) speculators who had bought on margin; having had to sell, [Hold it]
(C) speculators who had bought on margin; they had to sell, and [“they” subjective pronoun is incorrect choice to point to “speculators” – eliminate it]
(D) speculators, those who had bought on margin; these speculators had to sell, and [“those who” awkward – eliminate it]
(E) speculators, who, having bought on margin and having to sell, [“Who” and comma – eliminate it]

Answer: B
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Re: SC - market margin [#permalink]

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08 May 2008, 13:58
hanumayamma wrote:
VERB TENSE

(A) speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and [ Past Perfect is better choice to express two actions in the past + “they” is incorrect pronoun to refer subject “ small declines]”
(B) speculators who had bought on margin; having had to sell, [Hold it]
(C) speculators who had bought on margin; they had to sell, and [“they” subjective pronoun is incorrect choice to point to “speculators” – eliminate it]
(D) speculators, those who had bought on margin; these speculators had to sell, and [“those who” awkward – eliminate it]
(E) speculators, who, having bought on margin and having to sell, [“Who” and comma – eliminate it]

Answer: B

A semicolon is used to conect two sentences. If you look at B the sentence after the semicolon is not complete.

Having had to sell, their selling pushed other investors to the brink.
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Re: SC - market margin [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2008, 09:55
thanks gixxer1000 for the explanation for answer B. I did not choose B because it sounds awkward to me.

I did choose C as well but I felt they is ambigous.
They could refer to "speculators" as well as "declines"??!!!

can so provide me a good link concerning the ambiguities of "they", "that", "which", etc....??

thanks
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Re: SC - market margin [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2008, 11:08
gixxer100 is absolutely correct. In B the second part of the sentence after the semicolon does not stand by itself. B is incorrect.

I am not sure what a subjective pronoun is. Can some one explain
Re: SC - market margin   [#permalink] 06 Jul 2008, 11:08
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# In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many

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