Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 30 Aug 2014, 09:00

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 21 Sep 2009
Posts: 19
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 0

In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2009, 17:47
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

75% (01:59) correct 25% (02:10) wrong based on 78 sessions
In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and their selling pushed other investors to the brink.

(A) speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and
(B) speculators who had bought on margin; having had to sell
(C) speculators who had bought on margin; they had to sell, and
(D) speculators, those who had bought on margin; these speculators had to sell
(E) speculators, who, having bought on margin and having to sell

What is the difference between A and C?

Why C not A?
3 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 18 Aug 2009
Posts: 439
Schools: UT at Austin, Indiana State University, UC at Berkeley
WE 1: 5.5
WE 2: 5.5
WE 3: 6.0
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 47 [3] , given: 16

GMAT Tests User
Re: sc: sc1000 Q351 [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2009, 19:50
3
This post received
KUDOS
In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and their selling pushed other investors to the brink.

(A) speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and
(B) speculators who had bought on margin; having had to sell
(C) speculators who had bought on margin; they had to sell, and
(D) speculators, those who had bought on margin; these speculators had to sell
(E) speculators, who, having bought on margin and having to sell

A) having bought on margin, incorrectly modifies speculators. Modifying phrase need to answer question, which or what kind of speculators? having bought on margin does not answer these simple questions asked about the speculators.
The phrase who had bought correctly modifies the word "speculators," so it is the correct choice.
This is the main difference between two phrases.

If you like my explanation, please give me kudos :)
_________________

Never give up,,,

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 22 Dec 2009
Posts: 365
Followers: 10

Kudos [?]: 201 [0], given: 47

GMAT ToolKit User GMAT Tests User
Re: sc: sc1000 Q351 [#permalink] New post 30 Jan 2010, 10:56
In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and their selling pushed other investors to the brink.

(A) speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and
(B) speculators who had bought on margin; having had to sell
(C) speculators who had bought on margin; they had to sell, and
(D) speculators, those who had bought on margin; these speculators had to sell
(E) speculators, who, having bought on margin and having to sell

the stem shows a sequence of actions.... market ruined ....X who had bought Y..... therefore 'had bought' preferred as 'having bought'

therefore A and E are out..
in E.... those is unnecessary... hence out...

Between B and C.... B is wrong as the related clause is started of wrongly.

Hence C is the winner...
_________________

Cheers!
JT...........
If u like my post..... payback in Kudos!! :beer

|Do not post questions with OA|Please underline your SC questions while posting|Try posting the explanation along with your answer choice|
|For CR refer Powerscore CR Bible|For SC refer Manhattan SC Guide|


~~Better Burn Out... Than Fade Away~~

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Status: swimming against the current
Joined: 24 Jul 2009
Posts: 252
Location: Chennai, India
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 43 [0], given: 30

GMAT Tests User
Re: sc: sc1000 Q351 [#permalink] New post 08 May 2010, 21:04
lys8207 wrote:
In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and their selling pushed other investors to the brink.

(A) speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and
(B) speculators who had bought on margin; having had to sell
(C) speculators who had bought on margin; they had to sell, and
(D) speculators, those who had bought on margin; these speculators had to sell
(E) speculators, who, having bought on margin and having to sell

What is the difference between A and C?

Why C not A?



As the first part of the sentence uses a time reference, it is set in a past tense, so the action of selling had preceded the first hence must be a past perfect tense, hence B and C remains.

Now coming back to the punctuation used, a semicolon disects a sentence and the second part must be independent, hence only C remains
_________________

Gonna make it this time

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 26 Dec 2009
Posts: 147
Location: United Kingdom
Concentration: Strategy, Technology
GMAT 1: 500 Q45 V16
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 10

GMAT Tests User
Re: sc: sc1000 Q351 [#permalink] New post 31 Dec 2010, 04:31
yep C for me. correct use of had and the second clause starting with 'they'
Retired Moderator
User avatar
Status: 2000 posts! I don't know whether I should feel great or sad about it! LOL
Joined: 04 Oct 2009
Posts: 1726
Location: Peru
Schools: Harvard, Stanford, Wharton, MIT & HKS (Government)
WE 1: Economic research
WE 2: Banking
WE 3: Government: Foreign Trade and SMEs
Followers: 66

Kudos [?]: 285 [0], given: 109

GMAT Tests User
Re: sc: sc1000 Q351 [#permalink] New post 13 May 2011, 14:06
+1 C

Not only tenses, there are other errors: wrong pronouns (those), wordy, and fragments.
_________________

"Life’s battle doesn’t always go to stronger or faster men; but sooner or later the man who wins is the one who thinks he can."

My Integrated Reasoning Logbook / Diary: my-ir-logbook-diary-133264.html

Get the best GMAT Prep Resources with GMAT Club Premium Membership

2 KUDOS received
Forum Moderator
Forum Moderator
User avatar
Status: doing good things...
Joined: 02 Jul 2009
Posts: 1233
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
GMAT 1: Q V
GMAT 2: 690 Q49 V35
GPA: 3.77
WE: Corporate Finance (Other)
Followers: 152

Kudos [?]: 500 [2] , given: 527

GMAT ToolKit User GMAT Tests User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: sc: sc1000 Q351 [#permalink] New post 14 May 2011, 00:27
2
This post received
KUDOS
guys,
it is a simple rule: when you see having 99% it is wrong.
Based only on that you may kick off all but C and D.
D is clearly wrong for those and these.

C is the winner.
_________________

Follow me, if you find my explanations useful.

Audaces fortuna juvat!

Get the best GMAT Prep Resources with GMAT Club Premium Membership

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 05 Jul 2010
Posts: 205
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 18

GMAT Tests User
Re: sc: sc1000 Q351 [#permalink] New post 14 May 2011, 10:07
+1 on C. I picked D though. was confuse between C and D. I thought specifying speculators rather than pronoun could be more close for having two independent clause.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 04 Jun 2011
Posts: 36
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 61

Re: sc: sc1000 Q351 [#permalink] New post 08 Aug 2011, 10:03
its ok for "they" and "their" to refer to something in the first clause....NOT have a referrent in the 2nd clause?
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 13 May 2011
Posts: 324
WE 1: IT 1 Yr
WE 2: Supply Chain 5 Yrs
Followers: 19

Kudos [?]: 125 [0], given: 11

GMAT Tests User
Re: In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many [#permalink] New post 21 Dec 2011, 06:23
Can someone explain why having is wrong in GMAT. (in the forum. it keep saying using having is most of the time wrong, but does not explain why.)
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 01 Aug 2011
Posts: 23
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 15

Re: In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many [#permalink] New post 11 Jul 2012, 22:40
I agree with option C , however is it correct to use pronoun ' they' after the semi colon? isn't the antecedent in this case not present? since the portion of the sentence after the semi colon should be able to stand alone and here with the missing antecedent it does not.

Thanks,
Shreya
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 09 May 2012
Posts: 17
Location: Thailand
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT Date: 08-30-2012
GPA: 2.64
WE: Research (Retail Banking)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 3

Re: In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many [#permalink] New post 13 Aug 2012, 04:05
C+1 for me. However, it took me many precious seconds to decide between A and C. Please explain C. Thank youuu
Re: In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many   [#permalink] 13 Aug 2012, 04:05
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
1 Marketing executives in television work with a relatively kingb 0 06 Nov 2012, 18:19
The stock market collapse of 1929 had far reaching kingb 3 10 Oct 2012, 14:54
In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many mymba99 7 07 May 2008, 10:38
In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many cool_jonny009 4 18 Jan 2006, 20:56
In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many avi111 4 28 Dec 2004, 23:32
Display posts from previous: Sort by

In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.