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In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The Political Role of

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In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The Political Role of [#permalink] New post 08 Aug 2012, 13:17
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In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The Political Role of Women, the first behavioralist, multinational comparison of women’s electoral participation ever to use election data and survey data together. His study analyzed women’s patterns of voting, political candidacy, and political activism in four European countries during the first half of the twentieth century. Duverger’s research findings were that women voted somewhat less frequently than men (the difference narrowing the longer women had the vote) and were slightly more conservative.

Duverger’s work set an early standard for the sensitive analysis of women’s electoral activities. Moreover, to Duverger’s credit, he placed his findings in the context of many of the historical processes that had shaped these activities. However, since these contexts have changed over time, Duverger’s approach has proved more durable than his actual findings. In addition, Duverger’s discussion of his findings was hampered by his failure to consider certain specific factors important to women’s electoral participation at the time he collected his data: the influence of political regimes, the effects of economic factors, and the ramifications of political and social relations between women and men. Given this failure, Duverger’s study foreshadowed the enduring limitations of the behavioralist approach to the multinational study of women’s political participation.
87. The primary purpose of the passage is to
(A) evaluate a research study
(B) summarize the history of a research area
(C) report new research findings
(D) reinterpret old research findings
(E) reconcile conflicting research findings
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A


88. According to the passage, Duverger's study was unique in 1955 in that it
(A) included both election data and survey data
(B) gathered data from sources never before used in political studies
(C) included an analysis of historical processes
(D) examined the influence on voting behavior of the relationships between women and men
(E) analyzed not only voting and political candidacy but also other political activities
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A


89. Which of the following characteristics of a country is most clearly an example of a factor that Duverger, as described in the passage, failed to consider in his study?
(A) A large population
(B) A predominantly Protestant population
(C) A predominantly urban population
(D) A one-party government
(E) Location in the heart of Europe
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D


90. The author implies that Duverger’s actual findings are
(A) limited because they focus on only four countries
(B) inaccurate in their description of the four countries in the early 1950s
(C) out-of-date in that they are inapplicable in the four countries today
(D) flawed because they are based on unsound data
(E) biased by Duverger’s political beliefs
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


9l. The passage implies that, in comparing four European countries, Ouverger found that the voting rates of women and men were most different in the country in which women
(A) were most politically active
(B) ran for office most often
(C) held the most conservative political views
(D) had the most egalitarian relations with men
(E) had possessed the right to vote for the shortest time
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


92. The author implies that some behavioralist research involving the multinational study of women's political participation that followed Ouverger's study did which of the following?
(A) Ignored Ouverger's approach
(B) Suffered from faults similar to those in Ouverger's study
(C) Focused on political activism
(D) Focused on the influences of political regimes
(E) Focused on the political and social relations between women and men
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

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Re: In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The [#permalink] New post 08 Aug 2012, 14:06
In 8:49 mins
AADDCB. Got 2 wrong.
Can somebody explain Q 90. For Q 91 got it wrong as i ignored the bracket part.

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Re: In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The [#permalink] New post 17 Aug 2012, 22:32
“However, since these contexts have changed
over time, Duverger’s approach has proved [u]more
durable than his actual findings. ”
pay attention to the phrase"more than",which means the actual findings is not that durable.
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Re: In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The [#permalink] New post 19 Aug 2012, 08:41
were that women voted somewhat less frequently
than men (the difference narrowing the longer
women had the vote) and were.....

So the above statement explains that the country where the difference in voting rate between men and women were less in that country women had less time to vote.....
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Re: In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The Political Role of [#permalink] New post 06 Sep 2012, 11:52
Did in 11.40 secs.
got 3 wrong (87, 90, 91) :(

Selected E for 87, but one more look assured me that A is the ans.
Understood Ques 90, but not 91.

can some1 explain again?

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Re: In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The Political Role of [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2012, 12:10
ravstime,

Refer to this line in the first para " Duverger’s research findings
were that women voted somewhat less frequently
than men (the difference narrowing the longer
women had the vote
) "
clearly suggesting E

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Re: In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The Political Role of [#permalink] New post 09 Sep 2012, 11:45
Regarding 90 Qn, can any 1 explain why can'nt answer be d - "flawed because they are based on unsound data ". Because the D findings did not include certain factors( like the influence of political regimes, the effects of economic factors, and the ramifications of political and social relations between women and men ) and so data is unsound. I also agree that the findings are outdated.
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Re: In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The Political Role of [#permalink] New post 09 Sep 2012, 21:06
What is the OE for 92?

92. The author implies that some behavioralist research
involving the multinational study of women's political
participation that followed Ouverger's study did which
of the following?

I couldn't find any mention of any research that was done following Ouverger's study. The whole passage was devoted to his work.

Is the below the excerpt from which the answer is derived? Any experts can comment on this.

Given this failure, Duverger’s study foreshadowed the enduring limitations of the behavioralist approach to the multinational study of women’s political participation.
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Re: In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The Political Role of [#permalink] New post 30 Sep 2012, 13:20
Sure it is
foreshadowed - --- Be a warning or indication of (a future event).

it implies tat Duverger’s study is a vvarning for (of the behavioralist approach to the multinational study of women’s political participation)

earlier it says ...
Given this failure

this implies that both have committed the same mistake .....

B


(A) Ignored Ouverger's approach ----------------foreshadowed ///
(B) Suffered from faults similar to those in Ouverger's study
(C) Focused on political activism ...{women’s political participation. NOT equal to political activism }
(D) Focused on the influences of political regimes ...(not equal to limitations )
(E) Focused on the political and social relations between women and men--- (not mentioned ) B



mourinhogmat1 wrote:
What is the OE for 92?

92. The author implies that some behavioralist research
involving the multinational study of women's political
participation that followed Ouverger's study did which
of the following?

I couldn't find any mention of any research that was done following Ouverger's study. The whole passage was devoted to his work.

Is the below the excerpt from which the answer is derived? Any experts can comment on this.

Given this failure, Duverger’s study foreshadowed the enduring limitations of the behavioralist approach to the multinational study of women’s political participation.
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Re: In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The Political Role of [#permalink] New post 02 Mar 2013, 00:07
87. The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) the author evaluated the findings of a scholar... Correct!
(B) Heck no!
(C) this is too passive... The author did evaluation more than just reporting... False....
(D) the author did not reinterpret anything. False...
(E) the passage is about the assessment of a set of findings from one scholar... False.

88. According to the passage, Duverger's study was
unique in 1955 in that it

"In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The
Political Role of Women, the first behavioralist,
multinational comparison of women’s electoral
participation ever to use election data and survey
data together"

(A) included both election data and survey data

89. Which of the following characteristics of a country is
most clearly an example of a factor that Duverger, as
described in the passage, failed to consider in his study?

Three things he failed to consider: political regime, economic factors, ramifications in relationship between men and women...

(D) A one-party government - Political regime.. Correct!

90. The author implies that Duverger’s actual findings are

The author did not say that the study of four countries is limited or led to in accuracy. Hence, A and B are incorrect.

(C) out-of-date in that they are inapplicable in the four countries today

C is correct. He says the approach is more durable than the findings. Durability means enduring through time.

(D) flawed because they are based on unsound data

Why is D wrong? The data considered by the scholar was found by the author to be first with its combo of survey data and election data. That's positive. But it just failed to consider other factors. The data used is not necessarily unsound. It was just insufficient.

(E) biased by Duverger’s political beliefs

E was not mentioned anywhere.

9l. The passage implies that, in comparing four European
countries, Ouverger found that the voting rates of
women and men were most different in the country in
which women

I got this wrong.

92. The author implies that some behavioralist research
involving the multinational study of women's political
participation that followed Ouverger's study did which
of the following?

Foreshadow implies it was like a model for its successors...
Hence, A is wrong.

Since, it was foreshadowed by Duverger then it would not be based on data it failed to consider. Hence, D and E are out.

C is not mentioned anywhere.

(B) Suffered from faults similar to those in
Ouverger's study
B is correct.

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Re: In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The Political Role of [#permalink] New post 24 Jul 2013, 19:15
A,A,D,C,E,B...13:38..Initial reading took 3:06..
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Re: In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The Political Role of [#permalink] New post 28 Jul 2013, 09:40
6.45mins; two wrong.

Damn the parenthesis fragment of para one and the misunderstood regime meaning :x :roll: :x

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Re: In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The Political Role of [#permalink] New post 28 Jul 2013, 19:31
9 mins aprox...two wrong....88 and 91(ignored the bracket part)

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Re: In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The Political Role of [#permalink] New post 28 Jul 2013, 19:41
Need the answer for question 91, can someone help me..
I answered : AADCCB.. Time I took 12 minutes... pathetic.. need to speed up
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Re: In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The Political Role of [#permalink] New post 10 Aug 2013, 11:45
all correct but the last one.
total time:7 mins
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Re: In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The Political Role of [#permalink] New post 10 Aug 2013, 11:52
countonhearts wrote:
Need the answer for question 91, can someone help me..
I answered : AADCCB.. Time I took 12 minutes... pathetic.. need to speed up


Read these lines:
" Duverger’s research findings were that women voted somewhat less frequently than men (the difference narrowing the longer women had the vote) and were slightly more conservative. "

The opposite of this wud be:-
voting rates of women and men were most different in the country in which women
(E) had possessed the right to vote for the shortest time
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Re: In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The Political Role of [#permalink] New post 11 Aug 2013, 05:16
I chose D for q90 .. why is it wrong? ... The data is unsound since it is not durable ...
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Re: In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The Political Role of [#permalink] New post 11 Aug 2013, 10:03
roopika2990 wrote:
I chose D for q90 .. why is it wrong? ... The data is unsound since it is not durable ...


Read the 4th line, Second Para
"However, since these contexts have changed over time, Duverger’s approach has proved more durable than his actual findings."
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Re: In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The Political Role of [#permalink] New post 15 Aug 2013, 08:22
AADDCB almost 8 minutes....
I am bad at RCs
was a welcum surprize for me...
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Re: In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The Political Role of [#permalink] New post 11 Nov 2013, 22:49
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5/6 correct. 6 min 38 seconds. I got the last wrong because I didn know the meaning of foreshadow. Vocab issues
Re: In 1955 Maurice Duverger published The Political Role of   [#permalink] 11 Nov 2013, 22:49
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