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In 1981, for the first time in over two decades, the average [#permalink]
07 Sep 2005, 07:04
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In 1981, for the first time in over two decades, the average scores of high school students on standardized math and English tests did not decline. During the same year, millions of American students enjoyed their first exposure to the new world of the microcomputer, whether in schools, video arcades, or other settings. The conclusion is clear: far from stultifying the intellectual capacities of students, exposure to computers can actually enhance them.
The most serious weakness of the argument above is its failure to
(A) discuss the underlying causes of the twenty-year decline in studentsâ€™ test scores
(B) cite specific figures documenting the increases in test scores
(C) distinguish among the various types of computer being used by high school students
(D) define the intellectual capacities tested by the standardized math and English tests referred to
(E) explain exactly how high school studentsâ€™ abilities on math and English tests could have been enhanced by exposure to computers
It should be E. Two disparate events are described, and the argument tries to relate both of them together, just because both the events took place in the same year. The argument clearly fails to explain how computers have influenced a student's math's and analytical abilities.