In 1992 outlaw fishing boats began illegally harvesting : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# In 1992 outlaw fishing boats began illegally harvesting

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In 1992 outlaw fishing boats began illegally harvesting [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2013, 13:23
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In 1992 outlaw fishing boats began illegally harvesting lobsters from the territorial waters of the country of Belukia. Soon after, the annual tonnage of lobster legally harvested in Belukian waters began declining; in 1996, despite there being no reduction in the level of legal lobster fishing activity, the local catch was 9,000 tons below pre-1992 levels. It is therefore highly likely that the outlaw fishing boats harvested about 9,000 tons of lobster illegally that year.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The illegal lobster harvesting was not so extensive that the population of catchable lobsters in Belukia’s territorial waters had sharply declined by 1996
B. The average annual lobster catch, in tons, of an outlaw fishing boat is has increased steadily since 1992.
C. Outlaw fishing boats do not, as a group, harvest more lobsters than do licensed lobster-fishing boats.
D. The annual legal lobster harvest in Belukia in 1996 was not significantly less than 9,000 tons.
E. A significant proportion of Belukia’s operators of licensed lobster-fishing boats were out of business between 1992 and 1996
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Lobsters [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2013, 10:17
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The argument says that the lobster catch in 1996 was 9,000 tonnes below pre-1992 levels. It also says that the 9,000 tonnes were accounted for by illegal lobster harvesting.

Therefore any assumption that the argument depends on must propose a rejected alternative explanation for the 9,000 tonnes.

A) This seems like the alternative explanation that was rejected. If the lobster catch had not declined due to illegal harvesting done earlier, then it could have declined due to illegal harvesting done now.

A) it is.
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Re: In 1992 outlaw fishing boats began illegally harvesting [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2014, 20:06
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Re: In 1992 outlaw fishing boats began illegally harvesting [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2015, 22:18
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: In 1992 outlaw fishing boats began illegally harvesting [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2016, 14:17
my two pre-assumptions that
1) no shortage of fishes in 1996 than fishes in 1992,
2) the legal boats in 1996 are not less efficient than legal boats in 1992

if there is a drastic shortage of the fishes in 1996, conclusion falls apart
so considering this, choice A almost says the same thing
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Re: In 1992 outlaw fishing boats began illegally harvesting [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2016, 03:39
In 1992 outlaw fishing boats began illegally harvesting lobsters from the territorial waters of the country of Belukia. Soon after, the annual tonnage of lobster legally harvested in Belukian waters began declining; in 1996, despite there being no reduction in the level of legal lobster fishing activity, the local catch was 9,000 tons below pre-1992 levels. It is therefore highly likely that the outlaw fishing boats harvested about 9,000 tons of lobster illegally that year.

1992 1996

Illegal 0 9000
Legal 18000 9000

So the argument is that 9000 from legal has gone to illegal lobster harvesting.
what could be other reason

1. Population of lobster has reduced in the area where harvesting happens.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The illegal lobster harvesting was not so extensive that the population of catchable lobsters in Belukia’s territorial waters had sharply declined by 1996

The illegal lobster harvesting was so extensive that the population of catchable lobsters in Belukia’s territorial waters had sharply declined by 1996 =>> aligned with prethinking

B. The average annual lobster catch, in tons, of an outlaw fishing boat has increased steadily since 1992.

The average annual lobster catch, in tons, of an outlaw fishing boat has not increased steadily since 1992. So that doesn't mean it can't account for 9000.

E. A significant proportion of Belukia’s operators of licensed lobster-fishing boats were out of business between 1992 and 1996 : We are already told that no reduction in the level of legal lobster fishing activity, so we have to take it on face value. May be some other business has started.
Re: In 1992 outlaw fishing boats began illegally harvesting   [#permalink] 20 Aug 2016, 03:39
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