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In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before

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In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before [#permalink] New post 20 Dec 2010, 04:51
In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before colonialism, age was a more important indicator of status and authority than gender in Ghana and in Africa generally. British colonialism imposed European-style male-dominant notions upon more egalitarian local situations to the detriment of women generally, and gender became a defining characteristic that weakened women�s power and authority.

[Line 18]Subsequent research in Kenya convinced Robertson that she had overgeneralized about Africa. Before colonialism, gender was more salient in central Kenya than [Line 24]it was in Ghana, although age was still crucial in determining authority. In contrast with Ghana, where women had traded for hundreds of years and achieved legal majority (not unrelated phenomena), the evidence regarding central Kenya indicated that women were legal minors and were sometimes treated as male property, as were European women at that time. Factors like strong patrilinearity and patrilocality, as well as women�s inferior land rights and lesser involvement in trade, made women more dependent on men than was generally the case in Ghana. However, since age apparently remained the overriding principle of social organization in central Kenya, some senior women had much authority. Thus, Robertson revised her hypothesis somewhat, arguing that in determining authority in precolonial Africa age was a primary principle that superseded gender to varying degrees depending on the situation.

Q4:
The passage indicates that Robertson�s research in Kenya caused her to change her mind regarding which of the following?
A. Whether age was the prevailing principle of social organization in Kenya before colonialism
B.Whether gender was the primary determinant of social authority in Africa generally before colonialism
C. Whether it was only after colonialism that gender became a significant determinant of authority in Kenyan society
D.Whether age was a crucial factor determining authority in Africa after colonialism
E Whether British colonialism imposed European-style male-dominant notions upon local situations in Ghana


Q5:
The passage suggests that after conducting the research mentioned in line 18, but not before, Robertson would have agreed with which of the following about women�s status and authority in Ghana?
A Greater land rights and greater involvement in trade made women in precolonial Ghana less dependent on men than were European women at that time.
B Colonialism had a greater impact on the status and authority of Ghanaian women than on Kenyan women.
C Colonialism had less of an impact on the status and authority of Ghanaian women that it had on the status and authority of other African women.
D The relative independence of Ghanaian women prior to colonialism was unique in Africa.
E Before colonialism, the status and authority of Ghanaian women was similar to that of Kenyan women.


Q6:
The author of the passage mentions the status of age as a principle of social organization in precolonial central Kenya in lines 24-26 most likely in order to
A. indicate that women�s dependence on men in precolonial Kenya was not absolute
B. contrast the situation of senior women to that of less senior women in precolonial Kenyan society
C. differentiate between the status and authority of precolonial Kenyan women and that of precolonial Ghanaian women
D. explain why age superseded gender to a greater extent in precolonial Kenya than it did elsewhere in Africa
E. identify a factor that led Robertson to revise her hypothesis about precolonial Africa


There is a lot of speculation in the answer choices for this question. So please state your reasons for your answer choices
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Last edited by maddy2u on 20 Dec 2010, 05:49, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: African Methodology of Power [#permalink] New post 20 Dec 2010, 05:35
Hi,
For 4 - C
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Re: African Methodology of Power [#permalink] New post 20 Dec 2010, 05:36
5 - B
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Re: African Methodology of Power [#permalink] New post 20 Dec 2010, 05:36
6 -E
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Re: African Methodology of Power [#permalink] New post 20 Dec 2010, 15:32
my answers are
B
B
E

OAs pls...
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Re: African Methodology of Power [#permalink] New post 21 Dec 2010, 04:16
Same for me
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Re: African Methodology of Power [#permalink] New post 01 Jan 2011, 03:03
OA please!!!
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Please explain your answers. [#permalink] New post 01 Jan 2011, 06:36
Please post your reasons as only your answer choices won't help any of us improve !
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Re: African Methodology of Power [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2011, 09:39
ACE for me
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Last edited by mariyea on 03 Jan 2011, 09:52, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: African Methodology of Power [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2011, 09:51
maddy2u wrote:
In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before colonialism, age was a more important indicator of status and authority than gender in Ghana and in Africa generally. British colonialism imposed European-style male-dominant notions upon more egalitarian local situations to the detriment of women generally, and gender became a defining characteristic that weakened women�s power and authority.

[Line 18]Subsequent research in Kenya convinced Robertson that she had overgeneralized about Africa. Before colonialism, gender was more salient in central Kenya than [Line 24]it was in Ghana, although age was still crucial in determining authority. In contrast with Ghana, where women had traded for hundreds of years and achieved legal majority (not unrelated phenomena), the evidence regarding central Kenya indicated that women were legal minors and were sometimes treated as male property, as were European women at that time. Factors like strong patrilinearity and patrilocality, as well as women�s inferior land rights and lesser involvement in trade, made women more dependent on men than was generally the case in Ghana. However, since age apparently remained the overriding principle of social organization in central Kenya, some senior women had much authority. Thus, Robertson revised her hypothesis somewhat, arguing that in determining authority in precolonial Africa age was a primary principle that superseded gender to varying degrees depending on the situation.

Q4:
The passage indicates that Robertson�s research in Kenya caused her to change her mind regarding which of the following?
A. Whether age was the prevailing principle of social organization in Kenya before colonialism
B.Whether gender was the primary determinant of social authority in Africa generally before colonialism
C. Whether it was only after colonialism that gender became a significant determinant of authority in Kenyan society
D.Whether age was a crucial factor determining authority in Africa after colonialism
E Whether British colonialism imposed European-style male-dominant notions upon local situations in Ghana


Q5:
The passage suggests that after conducting the research mentioned in line 18, but not before, Robertson would have agreed with which of the following about women�s status and authority in Ghana?
A Greater land rights and greater involvement in trade made women in precolonial Ghana less dependent on men than were European women at that time.
B Colonialism had a greater impact on the status and authority of Ghanaian women than on Kenyan women.
C Colonialism had less of an impact on the status and authority of Ghanaian women that it had on the status and authority of other African women.
D The relative independence of Ghanaian women prior to colonialism was unique in Africa.
E Before colonialism, the status and authority of Ghanaian women was similar to that of Kenyan women.


Q6:
The author of the passage mentions the status of age as a principle of social organization in precolonial central Kenya in lines 24-26 most likely in order to
A. indicate that women�s dependence on men in precolonial Kenya was not absolute
B. contrast the situation of senior women to that of less senior women in precolonial Kenyan society
C. differentiate between the status and authority of precolonial Kenyan women and that of precolonial Ghanaian women
D. explain why age superseded gender to a greater extent in precolonial Kenya than it did elsewhere in Africa
E. identify a factor that led Robertson to revise her hypothesis about precolonial Africa


There is a lot of speculation in the answer choices for this question. So please state your reasons for your answer choices

For #4 It must be A B/c the beginning of the passage says "In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before colonialism, age was a more important indicator of status and authority than gender in Ghana and in Africa generally." But after her research in Kenya she realized that age wasn't the most important indicator of authority, "Subsequent research in Kenya convinced Robertson that she had overgeneralized about Africa."

For #5 it must be C b/c the q asks what the researcher would agree with after she had done her research, "Subsequent research in Kenya convinced Robertson that she had overgeneralized about Africa. Before colonialism, gender was more salient in central Kenya than it was in Ghana, although age was still crucial in determining authority."

For #6 it must be E b/c in the passage it says, "In contrast with Ghana, where women had traded for hundreds of years and achieved legal majority (not unrelated phenomena), the evidence regarding central Kenya indicated that women were legal minors and were sometimes treated as male property." Here the evidence is the factor that led Robertson to change her standing about age.
Sometimes when you are given a line to read you have to read more than just that line to find out exactly what you've been looking for.

This is my take on what I've just explained. I'm open for discussion on it, if anyone is willing.
HTH
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Re: African Methodology of Power [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2011, 21:52
ABB
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Re: African Methodology of Power [#permalink] New post 04 Jan 2011, 00:16
CAA in 7 mins
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Re: African Methodology of Power [#permalink] New post 05 Apr 2011, 08:15
BBA
I will post my reasoning for every right answer, after the OA posted of course
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Re: African Methodology of Power [#permalink] New post 13 Apr 2011, 09:44
4. A (D is a good trap stating after colonialism...)
...before colonialism, age was a more important indicator of status and authority than gender in Ghana and in Africa generally...

5. C - before colonialism age > gender in Ghana/Africa generally. After research it isn't true in some cases in Africa eg. Kenya. After colonialism things changed (we can assume). Therefore Gana changed less than others.

6. E - It is one of the examples post research that contribute to his decision to change his mind
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Re: African Methodology of Power [#permalink] New post 25 Jun 2011, 12:10
OAs please..

maddy2u wrote:
In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before colonialism, age was a more important indicator of status and authority than gender in Ghana and in Africa generally. British colonialism imposed European-style male-dominant notions upon more egalitarian local situations to the detriment of women generally, and gender became a defining characteristic that weakened women�s power and authority.

[Line 18]Subsequent research in Kenya convinced Robertson that she had overgeneralized about Africa. Before colonialism, gender was more salient in central Kenya than [Line 24]it was in Ghana, although age was still crucial in determining authority. In contrast with Ghana, where women had traded for hundreds of years and achieved legal majority (not unrelated phenomena), the evidence regarding central Kenya indicated that women were legal minors and were sometimes treated as male property, as were European women at that time. Factors like strong patrilinearity and patrilocality, as well as women�s inferior land rights and lesser involvement in trade, made women more dependent on men than was generally the case in Ghana. However, since age apparently remained the overriding principle of social organization in central Kenya, some senior women had much authority. Thus, Robertson revised her hypothesis somewhat, arguing that in determining authority in precolonial Africa age was a primary principle that superseded gender to varying degrees depending on the situation.

Q4:
The passage indicates that Robertson�s research in Kenya caused her to change her mind regarding which of the following?
A. Whether age was the prevailing principle of social organization in Kenya before colonialism
B.Whether gender was the primary determinant of social authority in Africa generally before colonialism
C. Whether it was only after colonialism that gender became a significant determinant of authority in Kenyan society
D.Whether age was a crucial factor determining authority in Africa after colonialism
E Whether British colonialism imposed European-style male-dominant notions upon local situations in Ghana


Q5:
The passage suggests that after conducting the research mentioned in line 18, but not before, Robertson would have agreed with which of the following about women�s status and authority in Ghana?
A Greater land rights and greater involvement in trade made women in precolonial Ghana less dependent on men than were European women at that time.
B Colonialism had a greater impact on the status and authority of Ghanaian women than on Kenyan women.
C Colonialism had less of an impact on the status and authority of Ghanaian women that it had on the status and authority of other African women.
D The relative independence of Ghanaian women prior to colonialism was unique in Africa.
E Before colonialism, the status and authority of Ghanaian women was similar to that of Kenyan women.


Q6:
The author of the passage mentions the status of age as a principle of social organization in precolonial central Kenya in lines 24-26 most likely in order to
A. indicate that women�s dependence on men in precolonial Kenya was not absolute
B. contrast the situation of senior women to that of less senior women in precolonial Kenyan society
C. differentiate between the status and authority of precolonial Kenyan women and that of precolonial Ghanaian women
D. explain why age superseded gender to a greater extent in precolonial Kenya than it did elsewhere in Africa
E. identify a factor that led Robertson to revise her hypothesis about precolonial Africa


There is a lot of speculation in the answer choices for this question. So please state your reasons for your answer choices
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Re: African Methodology of Power [#permalink] New post 03 Aug 2011, 17:14
I got
4- A
5- c
6- A

Reason
4 - A, bcoz Line 18 to Line 24, the fact that Robertson was convinced, and before colonialism , genger was Salient in Kenya, as she was previously thinking age was the deciding factor.

hence - A. Whether age was the prevailing principle of social organization in Kenya before colonialism.

Not D - bcoz age was a not a crucial factor determining authority in Africa after colonialism


5 - C, for the fact that "In contrast with Ghana, where women had traded for hundreds of years and achieved legal majority (not unrelated phenomena), the evidence regarding central Kenya indicated that women were legal minors and were sometimes treated as male property, as were European women at that time".

6 - A / E , for the reason, "although age was still crucial in determining authority" age was considered as deciding factor. So not sure if understood the answer correctly. But i will prefer to go with Ans A.

OA - please
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before [#permalink] New post 19 Dec 2011, 06:31
Still waiting for the OA...
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before [#permalink] New post 19 Dec 2011, 23:38
We need the OA..please
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before [#permalink] New post 04 Jan 2012, 08:24
Hi .. I am gettting BEE ... OA's please ... thanks
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before [#permalink] New post 22 Jan 2012, 05:17
Q4 : 4 (A)
Q5 : The answer C is comparing, Ghanan women with the rest of africa... I think thats not correct. My answer is (B)
Q6 : E
Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before   [#permalink] 22 Jan 2012, 05:17
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