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In a certain building, 1/5 of the offices have both a window

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In a certain building, 1/5 of the offices have both a window [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2012, 23:36
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In a certain building, 1/5 of the offices have both a window and bookshelves. If the rest of the offices in the building have either a window or bookshelves but not both, what is the ratio of the number of offices with a window but not bookshelves to the number of offices with bookshelves but not a window?

(1) The number of offices with a window is 4/5 the number with bookshelves.

(2) 3/10 of the offices with bookshelves also have a window.

Bunuel - Could you please show me how to solve this problem in 2 set matrix? Many thanks for all your responses so far. :)

Cheers
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Re: In a certain building, 1/5 of the offices have b [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2012, 00:04
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Jp27 wrote:
In a certain building, 1/5 of the offices have both a window and bookshelves. If the rest of the offices in the building have either a window or bookshelves but not both, what is the ratio of the number of offices with a window but not bookshelves to the number of offices with bookshelves but not a window?

(1) The number of offices with a window is 4/5 the number with bookshelves.

(2) 3/10 of the offices with bookshelves also have a window.

Bunuel - Could you please show me how to solve this problem in 2 set matrix? Many thanks for all your responses so far. :)

Cheers


Lets assume total number of offices is 10x, with window is W, with Bookshelves is B and with both bookshelf and window -D
From question :
1/5*10x = D
or D = 2x

Also we know that: W+B+D = 10x (all offices)
=> W+B = 8x

And we need W/B.

Stem 1:
W+D = 4/5 * (B+D)
We know D in terms of x, and we have 2 equations now in terms of W and B. So we can find out Wand B in terms of x and therefore ratio W/X. No need to solve further. Sufficient.

Stem 2:
3/10 (B+D) =D
(Note - B+D represent all offices with bookshelves and D represent offices with bookshelves and windows both)

Again we can find B in terms of x and from equation formed with question stem, we cna find W in terms of x and find ratio.
Sufficient.

Note solving any DS question with double matrix would be more time consuming.

hope it helps.
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Re: In a certain building, 1/5 of the offices have b [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2012, 04:15
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In a certain building, 1/5 of the offices have both a window and bookshelves. If the rest of the offices in the building have either a window or bookshelves but not both, what is the ratio of the number of offices with a window but not bookshelves to the number of offices with bookshelves but not a window?

Say there are total of 300 offices. Then given that:
Attachment:
Stem.png
Stem.png [ 4.53 KiB | Viewed 3810 times ]
We need to find the ratio of the yellow boxes.

(1) The number of offices with a window is 4/5 the number with bookshelves. Say the number of the offices with bookshelves is x and the number of the offices with a window is 4/5*x. Then the number of the offices with bookshelves but not a window is x-60. Also, the total number of the offices with no window is x-60. Thus, 4/5*x+(x-60)=300. We can find x, thus we can find the value of the yellow boxes. Sufficient.
Attachment:
1.png
1.png [ 5.68 KiB | Viewed 3810 times ]


(2) 3/10 of the offices with bookshelves also have a window. Again, say the number of the offices with bookshelves is x, then we are given that 60=3/10*x. We can find x (200), thus we can find the number of the offices with both a window and bookshelves (3/10*x=60) and then find the number of the offices with bookshelves but not a window (200-60=140). Also, we can find the total number of the offices with no bookshelves (300-200=100), which is the same as the number of the offices with a window but no bookshelves. So, we have the values of both yellow boxes. Sufficient.
Attachment:
2.png
2.png [ 6.23 KiB | Viewed 3808 times ]

Answer: D.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: In a certain building, 1/5 of the offices have both a window [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2013, 06:27
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Bumping for review and further discussion*. Get a kudos point for an alternative solution!

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Re: In a certain building, 1/5 of the offices have both a window [#permalink] New post 18 Feb 2014, 05:25
Hi Bunuel!

I just did this problem on a Kaplan CAT and used the same approach as you did. However, i chose 100 at first as the total number of offices, not 300 like you did. Eventually i got a decimal for the # of offices, so i decided to choose 300 total offices then. My question is: How did you decide to immediately use 300 and not 100 as total # of offices? I got the answer right but it cost me some seconds at first...

cheers!
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Re: In a certain building, 1/5 of the offices have both a window [#permalink] New post 18 May 2014, 09:42
Let us assume that the number of offices in the building is N.
Then number of offices containing both bookshelves and window is N/5.
Also, number of office containing only windows = x and only bookshe.. = y.
Hence x+y+n/5=n
or x+y = 4n/5.

From 1)x= (4/5)y. Using this and original equation both x and y can be obtained in terms of n and x/y will be the answer to the original question.

From 2)(3/10)(y+n/5) = n/5.
Using this and original eq. above we can again solve x and y in terms of n.

hence D is the right answer.
Re: In a certain building, 1/5 of the offices have both a window   [#permalink] 18 May 2014, 09:42
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