In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library

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In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2009, 02:11
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In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria, later generations lost all but the Iliad and Odyssey among Greek epics, most of the poetry of Pindar and Sappho, and dozens of plays by Aeschylus and Euripides.

(A) resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria,
(B) the destroying of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria resulted and
(C) because of the result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(D) as a result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(E) Alexandria’s largest library of the ancient world was destroyed, and the result was
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2009, 06:31
superfreak wrote:
Hello, not sure why D (the OA) is better than A. Any thoughts?

In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria, later generations lost all but the Iliad and Odyssey among Greek epics, most of the poetry of Pindar and Sappho, and dozens of plays by Aeschylus and Euripides.

(A) resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria,
(B) the destroying of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria resulted and
(C) because of the result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(D) as a result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(E) Alexandria’s largest library of the ancient world was destroyed, and the result was

Rewrite the sentence A.

misplaced modifier... Later Generations modify the "resulting from destruction.."
Clearly it wrong : Later gnerations are not resulting from...

D clears this ambiguity.
As result of destruction, L.G lost library stuff.
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Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library [#permalink]

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10 May 2010, 08:41
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Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library [#permalink]

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10 May 2010, 19:24
I like d as well, as is used to introduce a dependent clause...
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Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library [#permalink]

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10 May 2010, 21:13
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364. In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria, later generations lost all but the Iliad and Odyssey among Greek epics, most of the poetry of Pindar and Sappho, and dozens of plays by Aeschylus and Euripides.
(A) resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria,
(B) the destroying of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria resulted and
(C) because of the result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(D) as a result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(E) Alexandria’s largest library of the ancient world was destroyed, and the result was

D properly modifies what happened in 391 A.D.
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Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library [#permalink]

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11 May 2010, 03:31
Please explain why what is wrong with 'E' and also, what makes 'E' to be correct.

Thanks
-H
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Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library [#permalink]

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11 May 2010, 12:25
harikattamudi wrote:
Please explain why what is wrong with 'E' and also, what makes 'E' to be correct.

Thanks
-H

you have an idiom problem here, if you are going to say (the result was) you have to add (that) after was, and in E it's omitted.
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Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2011, 16:30
This is a GMAT Prep Question.....Some good explanations at this link -
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/mod ... 11131.html
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Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2011, 18:03
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superfreak wrote:
Hello, not sure why D (the OA) is better than A. Any thoughts?

In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria, later generations lost all but the Iliad and Odyssey among Greek epics, most of the poetry of Pindar and Sappho, and dozens of plays by Aeschylus and Euripides.

(A) resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria,
(B) the destroying of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria resulted and
(C) because of the result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(D) as a result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(E) Alexandria’s largest library of the ancient world was destroyed, and the result was

elevinty wrote:
harikattamudi wrote:
Please explain why what is wrong with 'E' and also, what makes 'E' to be correct.

Thanks
-H

you have an idiom problem here, if you are going to say (the result was) you have to add (that) after was, and in E it's omitted.

Hi Elevinty,

Buddy, We don't have any idiom like "result was that". The idiom for result are below :
as a result (of something)
because of something that has happened. As a result of the accident, Tom couldn't walk for six months. We couldn't afford to borrow money for a house as a result of the rise in interest rates.

result from something
to emerge from something; to be the outcome of something. It will be interesting to see what results from your efforts. Nothing resulted from all that work.

result in something
to achieve something; to bring about something; to cause something to happen. I hope that this will result in the police finding your car. All my effort resulted in nothing at all.

Hi superfreak,
Let's analyze original sentence after removing all middlemen (prepositional phrases).

In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction [strike]of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria[/strike], later generations lost all [strike]all but[/strike] (just using "except" for idiom "all but") the Iliad and Odyssey among Greek epics, most of the poetry[strike]of Pindarand Sappho[/strike] , and dozens of plays [strike]by Aeschylus and Euripides[/strike].
so sentence is :
In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction, later generations lost all except the Iliad and Odyssey among Greek epics,most of the poetry and dozens of plays.
Now we can see clearly that "resulting from the destruction" is modifying "Later Generation" which is wrong. The meaning of sentence is more or less that later generation which is resulting from the destruciton.
So A is wrong.

(B) the destroying [strike]of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria[/strike] resulted and
Here looks like, "destroying resulted" and "later generation" both lost something.
(C) because of the result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
"because of the result of" comes many time in GMAT and this construction is wrong because of redundancy.
(D) as a result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
Correct and concise. as a result of destruction, later generation lost something.
(E) Alexandria’s largest library of the ancient world was destroyed, and the result was[/quote]
"Alexandria’s largest library of the ancient world was destroyed" is a complete sentence so can not be followed with "and the result was",
moreover for coordinating conjunction "and", both part should be parallel which is not the case here.

I hope my explanation helped, If indeed please give me Kudos.
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Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2011, 12:06
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rphardu wrote:
superfreak wrote:
Hello, not sure why D (the OA) is better than A. Any thoughts?

In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria, later generations lost all but the Iliad and Odyssey among Greek epics, most of the poetry of Pindar and Sappho, and dozens of plays by Aeschylus and Euripides.

(A) resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria,
(B) the destroying of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria resulted and
(C) because of the result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(D) as a result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(E) Alexandria’s largest library of the ancient world was destroyed, and the result was

elevinty wrote:
harikattamudi wrote:
Please explain why what is wrong with 'E' and also, what makes 'E' to be correct.

Thanks
-H

you have an idiom problem here, if you are going to say (the result was) you have to add (that) after was, and in E it's omitted.

Hi Elevinty,

Buddy, We don't have any idiom like "result was that". The idiom for result are below :
as a result (of something)
because of something that has happened. As a result of the accident, Tom couldn't walk for six months. We couldn't afford to borrow money for a house as a result of the rise in interest rates.

result from something
to emerge from something; to be the outcome of something. It will be interesting to see what results from your efforts. Nothing resulted from all that work.

result in something
to achieve something; to bring about something; to cause something to happen. I hope that this will result in the police finding your car. All my effort resulted in nothing at all.

Hi superfreak,
Let's analyze original sentence after removing all middlemen (prepositional phrases).

In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction [strike]of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria[/strike], later generations lost all [strike]all but[/strike] (just using "except" for idiom "all but") the Iliad and Odyssey among Greek epics, most of the poetry[strike]of Pindarand Sappho[/strike] , and dozens of plays [strike]by Aeschylus and Euripides[/strike].
so sentence is :
In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction, later generations lost all except the Iliad and Odyssey among Greek epics,most of the poetry and dozens of plays.
Now we can see clearly that "resulting from the destruction" is modifying "Later Generation" which is wrong. The meaning of sentence is more or less that later generation which is resulting from the destruciton.
So A is wrong.

(B) the destroying [strike]of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria[/strike] resulted and
Here looks like, "destroying resulted" and "later generation" both lost something.
(C) because of the result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
"because of the result of" comes many time in GMAT and this construction is wrong because of redundancy.
(D) as a result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
Correct and concise. as a result of destruction, later generation lost something.
(E) Alexandria’s largest library of the ancient world was destroyed, and the result was

"Alexandria’s largest library of the ancient world was destroyed" is a complete sentence so can not be followed with "and the result was",
moreover for coordinating conjunction "and", both part should be parallel which is not the case here.

I hope my explanation helped, If indeed please give me Kudos.[/quote]

I agree with your explanation except for the option E. First off, to use coordinating conjunction, I don't think both parts should be in parallel. The only requirement for coordinating conjunction is two independent clauses that should be related. And even if there is requirement for parallelism, I am not sure why "result was" is not in parallel. Could you please clarify?
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Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2011, 21:06
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sgupta0827 wrote:

I agree with your explanation except for the option E. First off, to use coordinating conjunction, I don't think both parts should be in parallel. The only requirement for coordinating conjunction is two independent clauses that should be related. And even if there is requirement for parallelism, I am not sure why "result was" is not in parallel. Could you please clarify?

Thanks buddy, What I meant by parallel was, coordinating conjunctions do not stress on any part like subordinate conjunctions do. Here option E, we shoudl have cause and effect relationship so both part can not be at same level and can not be connected by coordination conjucntion. You are right, I should have used word independent rather than "parallel".
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Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2011, 21:13
We can look at it like this.

What caused the later generations to loose on the important sources of information.

It was because of the destruction of the library. In the answer choices given, D clearly explains the same with- as a result of ..... which is the correct idiomatic expression.
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Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2011, 06:27
As usual, let me give a forthright and simple pathway to this topic, which can get complicated by the way one looks at it.

it is the library at Alexandria that is an issue. Any choice that separates library and at Alexandria is essentially therefore uses a wrong word-order. You can kick out A, B and E in one stroke. Between C and D, C is wrong because of the redundancy ‘of because of the result of’

Then make merry with D, the remainder.
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Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library [#permalink]

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29 Feb 2016, 19:55
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Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2016, 12:28
Split1) Meaning. The original highlighted sentence says "the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria" which suggests that Alexandria was the Ancient world. Therefore, I want to break it a little bit with a comma. This one is a subtle meaning that if possible we can clarify.

Split2) Logic. in B "the Destroying" is horrible, makes the whole sentence awkward.

Split3) Redundant. "because" "of the result" = redundant. C is out.

Split4) Meaning. In E: "Alexandria's largest library of the ancient world" is not what the original sentence says = changes the meaning to something illogical.

Split5) Idiom. After "was" you need to add "that" = Was + that. E is out.
Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library   [#permalink] 12 Nov 2016, 12:28
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