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In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the

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In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2005, 05:46
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In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.
(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by nakib77 on 01 Nov 2005, 14:44, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: SC # East Cost beaches [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2005, 06:59
C is correct. note two things:

1. "as" vs "like". as is needed to make the comparision of action.
2. "absorbing" vs "absorb". absorbing makes the sentence ll with "protecting". and also need participles "absorbing ......and protecting......" to modify the whole clause.

nakib77 wrote:
3. In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
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Re: SC # East Cost beaches [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2005, 07:23
nakib77 wrote:
3. In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.
(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

Is it C?

Act as a buffer seems correct. If we say absorbing then it agrees with the protecting (bold / underlined) part of the question
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01 Nov 2005, 10:36
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C.

Parallelism is being used here - it must be act to parallel rise and must be absorbing to mirror protecting.
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01 Nov 2005, 14:50
OA is C .
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01 Nov 2005, 14:53
OA is C .
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01 Nov 2005, 22:01
We need to show parallelism, i.e. "...rise... and act." Therefore, eliminate D and E.

Like is used to compare two nouns. Since we are comparing actions, i.e. rise and act, as is the correct particle.

The last portion of the stimulus is a subordinate clause. Therefore, we need to use "-ing" participle to introduct a subordinate clause.
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01 Nov 2005, 22:22
like is wrong as we're not likening to a characteristic
a - 'so that it absorbs' is awkward
d - is also awkward

C is the best choice
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Re: SC # East Cost beaches [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2011, 04:19
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In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

Parallelism--that would rise and act
So that leaves us with A,B,C. act like vs. act as. Act like means act similar to. Act as means function as. Here Act as is correct use meaning wise. So between A and C, we have so that it absorbs vs. absorbing.
There is one more parallelism here. absorbing anf protecting. So D is correct.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2012, 10:39
The answer I chose was C:

A. Parallelism is broken here - absorbing should be parallel to protecting. Also, "That it absorbs..." should be an independent clause because it is separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma and a coordinating conjunction "so."

B. "So as to absorb" is not parallel to protecting. Also, this answer choice is very wordy.

C. This answer choice correctly demonstrates parallelism and the use of the word "As." "Act" is parallel to "rise" and "absorbing" is parallel to "protecting"

D. Although this answer may be tempting, "acting" is not parallel to rise.

E. "Absorbing" is not parallel to "protecting."
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2012, 12:50
"act as a buffer" seems like the right way to go
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2013, 03:36
The mission is to make the sentence parallel before and after the comma.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2014, 03:10
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nakib77 wrote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.
(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

ideom + parallelism

Ideom:

you say "act AS", not "act LIKE" in this context. "You act like a crazy person" means you act in the same way that a crazy person does. You "act AS a crazy person" means you act as if you are a crazy person. The buffer is not supposed to mimic some other things MO, it is supposed to completely be the same as that other thing. So the breakwater functions precisely the same way that a buffer does, in this context.

Parallelism:

look to the right of the underlined portion.. We have protecting.. This is a present participle. So, we need a present participle in the underlined portion. Only C and D have this, the problem with D is that act is not supposed to be present participle, it distorts the meaning of the author.

So, C is our choice
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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10 May 2014, 01:17
nakib77 wrote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.
(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

the most important thing here is how to eliminate choice A.

when reading sc, we have to find the grammatical role and logic role of each word, phrase and clause.

"so that it..." is adverb clause showing purpose of the clause " that would rise and act" . look at tense "would" and "absorbs" . there is no logic relation between "would " and "absorbs". A is wrong

I would learn gmat so that I take mba. wrong.

A is wrong.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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10 May 2014, 01:26
nakib77 wrote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.
(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

even if there is no"would" A is still wrong.

in this case, both A and C are grammatical and logic if we see each of them separately. but if we see them stand side by side, one of them is considered the distorted meaning. this situation happens many times on gmatprep sc questions. we have to realize that one is the distorted meaning and our task is harder. but gmat has right to test this situation because we have to convey the meaning we intende and we, in fact, normally convey the distorted meaning. however this situation is hard for the test takers.

if there is no "would"

"so that it..." shows the purpose of "act as"

in C, "absorbing" show the method of "act as" . a different meaning. using intuition, not any grammatical reason or logic reason, we infer that C is the intended meaning.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2014, 02:28
Can anyone help to demonstrate what the role of "building parallel" in the non-underlined portion is? I can't understand why GMAC doesn't use "proposed to build parallel"? I thought the correct idiom is "propose to V" or "propose +Noun".
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2014, 03:12
LucyDang wrote:
Can anyone help to demonstrate what the role of "building parallel" in the non-underlined portion is? I can't understand why GMAC doesn't use "proposed to build parallel"? I thought the correct idiom is "propose to V" or "propose +Noun".

When two verb forms appear together (propose and build in this case), there are no grammatical rules that govern whether the second verb (build in this case) should be in infinitive (to build) or gerund (building).

Since this is just a matter of writing preference, it is unlikely that test takers would be presented with two answer choices, whose only difference is Verb1 + infinitive Verb2 and Verb1 + Gerund Verb2.

Having said that, there is a question in OG-13, where the only difference is Verb1 + infinitive Verb2 and Verb1 + Gerund Verb2.

#18, OG-13:

Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, the National Academy of Sciences has urged the nation to revamp computer security procedures, institute new emergency response teams, creating a special nongovernment organization to take charge of computer security planning.
(D) and create a special nongovernment organization for taking
(E) and create a special nongovernment organization to take

E is the correct answer above, and OE mentions for taking as unidiomatic.

However, as I mentioned above, we believe it is unlikely that these questions would come up in your exam.

Out of curiosity, I did a google search and landed on this page: http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/gerund_or_infinitive_same_list.htm, which suggests that propose is one of the few verbs, which can be followed by both infinitives and gerunds, with a negligible difference in meaning.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses the concept of two verb forms appearing together, their application and examples in significant detail. If you can PM you email, I can send you the corresponding section.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2014, 08:15
nakib77 wrote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.
(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

Parallelism is the concept tested.

that would rise six feet above the waterline and act
This will leave with only A, B and C
absorbing the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches
This will leave with only answer choice C
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In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2015, 10:29
I chose A instead of C. I used the write idiom "act as" instead of "act like", I'm however still a little confused on the difference between the two. To be honest, "act as" just sounded better in this scenario.

The difference between A and C is so that it absorbs and absorbing. I thought you couldn't use absorbing because it would make the second part of the sentence (after the comma) not a complete sentence: absorbing the energy of rashing waves and protecting the beaches isn't a complete sentence.

That's why I chose so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches. However, I know absorbs is not parallel with protecting
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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16 May 2016, 10:10
nakib77 wrote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.
(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

[X] - A -It is ambiguous - it can refer to: buffer, waterline, breakwater; Rise/absorbs are not parallel.
[X] - B - the comparison is not of nouns, but of their functions. Hence, the use of like is incorrect.
[V] - C - "as + noun" can denote a function/role/capacity of; the v-ing correctly provides more information on the "how" aspect of the previous verb - act. "how would act as a buffer?" "by absorbing... and protecting...".
[X] - D - acting/rise are not parallel.
[X] - E - acting/rise are not parallel; use of like is incorrect here as mentioned in choice B.
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the   [#permalink] 16 May 2016, 10:10
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