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In a political system with only two major parties, the

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In a political system with only two major parties, the [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2005, 22:40
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In a political system with only two major parties, the entrance of a third-party candidate into an election race damages the chances of only one of the two major candidates. The third-party candidate always attracts some of the voters who might otherwise have voted for one of the two major candidates, but not voters who support the other candidate. Since a third-party candidacy affects the two major candidates unequally, for reasons neither of them has any control over, the practice is unfair and should not be allowed.

If the factual information in the passage above is true, which of the following can be most reliably inferred from it?

(A) If the political platform of the third party is a compromise position between that of the two major parties, the third party will draw its voters equally from the two major parties.
(B) If, before the emergence of a third party, voters were divided equally between the two major parties, neither of the major parties is likely to capture much more than one-half of the vote.
(C) A third-party candidate will not capture the votes of new voters who have never voted for candidates of either of the two major parties.
(D) The political stance of a third party will be more radical than that of either of the two major parties.
(E) The founders of a third party are likely to be a coalition consisting of former leaders of the two major parties.

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21 Nov 2005, 23:13
I take C. The passage suggests the third party is only capable of taking votes off the other two major parties and is not capable of capturing votes from new voters.
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21 Nov 2005, 23:23
'B'.

If voters were equally divided, then new party will

1) attract few voters favoring only one of the parties
2) attract few voters each from those favoring one of the parties
3) attract none of the voters

In any case, the statement 'B' is true.
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Re: CR - Political Party [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2005, 04:19
ps_dahiya wrote:
In a political system with only two major parties, the entrance of a third-party candidate into an election race damages the chances of only one of the two major candidates. The third-party candidate always attracts some of the voters who might otherwise have voted for one of the two major candidates, but not voters who support the other candidate. Since a third-party candidacy affects the two major candidates unequally, for reasons neither of them has any control over, the practice is unfair and should not be allowed.

If the factual information in the passage above is true, which of the following can be most reliably inferred from it?
(B) If, before the emergence of a third party, voters were divided equally between the two major parties, neither of the major parties is likely to capture much more than one-half of the vote.

(C) A third-party candidate will not capture the votes of new voters who have never voted for candidates of either of the two major parties.

I don't think C is correct coz if the third party attracts those who have never voted for the other two parties --> this can't affect the competition between those two parties.

The third-party candidate always attracts some of the voters who might otherwise have voted for one of the two major candidates, but not voters who support the other candidate ---> this part indicates that the third party attracts not a great number of voters from either parties -----> small changes in number of votes can affect the competition of the two parties----> it should be that the two parties have equal numbers of voters.
This italic part also suggests that if Z ( 3rd party) attracts voters, it can only attract voters from X( 1st one) OR Y (2nd one) BUT NOT BOTH ----> further support B.

"neither of the major parties is likely to capture much more than one-half of the vote" in B is the foudation for conclusion that Z affects the competition.

Phew, hard to clearly explain but everything in passage suggests what is in B.
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22 Nov 2005, 04:49
I agree with lexi here.

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22 Nov 2005, 05:00
Even I think it should be B, C is unrelated to the passage.

Alok
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22 Nov 2005, 12:55
OA is B
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23 Nov 2005, 01:10
I vote for B.

Using POE.

A - Cannot be inferred.
C,D,E - Out of Scope.
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23 Nov 2005, 01:25
I choose B. it is pretty straight forward!
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