In a political system with only two major parties, the : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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In a political system with only two major parties, the

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In a political system with only two major parties, the [#permalink]

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16 May 2008, 15:36
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In a political system with only two major parties, the entrance of a third-party candidate into an election race damages the chances of only one of the two major candidates. The third-party candidate always attracts some of the voters who might otherwise have voted for one of the two major candidates, but not voters who support the other candidate. Since a third-party candidacy affects the two major candidates unequally, for reasons neither of them has any control over, the practice is unfair and should not be allowed.
If the factual information in the passage above is true, which of the following can be most reliably inferred from it?
(A) If the political platform of the third party is a compromise position between that of the two major parties, the third party will draw its voters equally from the two major parties.
(B) If, before the emergence of a third party, voters were divided equally between the two major parties, neither of the major parties is likely to capture much more than one-half of the vote.
(C) A third-party candidate will not capture the votes of new voters who have never voted for candidates of either of the two major parties.
(D) The political stance of a third party will be more radical than that of either of the two major parties.
(E) The founders of a third party are likely to be a coalition consisting of former leaders of the two major parties.

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16 May 2008, 17:22
I'm going to say B. It is the only one that can be reasonably inferred.
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16 May 2008, 18:25
marshpa wrote:
In a political system with only two major parties, the entrance of a third-party candidate into an election race damages the chances of only one of the two major candidates. The third-party candidate always attracts some of the voters who might otherwise have voted for one of the two major candidates, but not voters who support the other candidate. Since a third-party candidacy affects the two major candidates unequally, for reasons neither of them has any control over, the practice is unfair and should not be allowed.
If the factual information in the passage above is true, which of the following can be most reliably inferred from it?
(A) If the political platform of the third party is a compromise position between that of the two major parties, the third party will draw its voters equally from the two major parties.
(B) If, before the emergence of a third party, voters were divided equally between the two major parties, neither of the major parties is likely to capture much more than one-half of the vote.
(C) A third-party candidate will not capture the votes of new voters who have never voted for candidates of either of the two major parties.
(D) The political stance of a third party will be more radical than that of either of the two major parties.
(E) The founders of a third party are likely to be a coalition consisting of former leaders of the two major parties.

C
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16 May 2008, 18:36
C is my choice. What's the OA?
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16 May 2008, 18:41
Grrrr.. Should have chosen B. I can't discipline myself not to waver from what I pick first. Anyway, the OA seems B. For a better explanation of the choices, click the link below:
http://www.beatthegmat.com/cr-500-section-1-t5026.html#19526
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18 May 2008, 08:34
OA is indeed B.
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18 May 2008, 09:08
Comes down to B vs C.
In C there is no reason to believe that the 3rd party will not attract new voters. So C is out.
That leaves B.
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18 May 2008, 16:59
Straight B for me.
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18 May 2008, 17:10
I am picking D

because you have 2 parties who stand on the left and on the right side of the middle. The 3rd party is more radical than either party, meaning that it is even further left or further right. So a radical 3rd party always siphons votes from only 1 party.
Re: CR-3rd Party system   [#permalink] 18 May 2008, 17:10
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