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In a political system with only two major parties, the

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In a political system with only two major parties, the [#permalink] New post 04 Jul 2010, 08:44
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80% (03:04) correct 20% (02:51) wrong based on 5 sessions
In a political system with only two major parties, the entrance of a third-party candidate into an election race damages the chances of only one of the two major candidates. The third-party candidate always attracts some of the voters who might otherwise have voted for one of the two major candidates, but not voters who support the other candidate. Since a third-party candidacy affects the two major candidates unequally, for reasons neither of them has any control over, the practice is unfair and should not be allowed.

If the factual information in the passage above is true, which of the following can be most reliably inferred from it?
(A) If the political platform of the third party is a compromise position between that of the two major parties, the third party will draw its voters equally from the two major parties.
(B) If, before the emergence of a third party, voters were divided equally between the two major parties, neither of the major parties is likely to capture much more than one-half of the vote.
(C) A third-party candidate will not capture the votes of new voters who have never voted for candidates of either of the two major parties.
(D) The political stance of a third party will be more radical than that of either of the two major parties.
(E) The founders of a third party are likely to be a coalition consisting of former leaders of the two major parties.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Critical Reasoning [#permalink] New post 04 Jul 2010, 09:30
EnterMatrix wrote:
In a political system with only two major parties, the entrance of a third-party candidate into an election race damages the chances of only one of the two major candidates. The third-party candidate always attracts some of the voters who might otherwise have voted for one of the two major candidates, but not voters who support the other candidate. Since a third-party candidacy affects the two major candidates unequally, for reasons neither of them has any control over, the practice is unfair and should not be allowed.

If the factual information in the passage above is true, which of the following can be most reliably inferred from it?
(A) If the political platform of the third party is a compromise position between that of the two major parties, the third party will draw its voters equally from the two major parties.
(B) If, before the emergence of a third party, voters were divided equally between the two major parties, neither of the major parties is likely to capture much more than one-half of the vote.
(C) A third-party candidate will not capture the votes of new voters who have never voted for candidates of either of the two major parties.
(D) The political stance of a third party will be more radical than that of either of the two major parties.
(E) The founders of a third party are likely to be a coalition consisting of former leaders of the two major parties.


The passage states that "The third-party candidate always attracts some of the voters who might otherwise have voted for one of the two major candidates, but not voters who support the other candidate." This means that 3rd part candidates take away votes from ONE of the major candidates. The only answer that has anything to do with this is B. B states that neither of the major candidates will have a majority if the vote was originally split evenly. This means that the 3rd party candidate takes away votes from one of the major candidates, as stated above. The voters don't "switch sides" due to the presence of a 3rd party candidate.
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Re: Critical Reasoning [#permalink] New post 04 Jul 2010, 10:57
Normal maths..Its B.. If votes are equally divided, how can one get more than 50%
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Re: Critical Reasoning [#permalink] New post 05 Jul 2010, 10:36
Thanks!...the explanation was helpful
Re: Critical Reasoning   [#permalink] 05 Jul 2010, 10:36
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