In a study of the behavior of adolescents to parental : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# In a study of the behavior of adolescents to parental

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02 Jan 2013, 00:26
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69% (02:03) correct 31% (01:39) wrong based on 206 sessions

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In a study of the behavior of adolescents to parental pressures,it was found that the use of pressure by parents did not always elicit a negative behavior in the adolescents. While most of them reacted adversely, a few developed mature and independent thinking as a reaction to such pressure. It seems that use of pressure does produce good in some cases.

Which of the following if true most weakens the conclusion reached by the author?

A. The adolescents who reacted adversely do so even when there is no parental pressure on them.
B. All the adolescents who reacted favorably were highly intelligent
C. The adolescents in the study were selected randomly from a group of college students
D. Factors other than parental pressure may play a role in developing positive traits in adolescents
E. Some of the adolescents said that they do not like to be pampered by their parents.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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02 Jan 2013, 01:30
umeshpatil wrote:
In a study of the behavior of adolescents to parental pressures,it was found that the use of pressure by parents did not always elicit a negative behavior in the adolescents. While most of them reacted adversely, a few developed mature and independent thinking as a reaction to such pressure. It seems that use of pressure does produce good in some cases.

Which of the following if true most weakens the conclusion reached by the author?

A. The adolescents who reacted adversely do so even when there is no parental pressure on them.
B. All the adolescents who reacted favorably were highly intelligent
C. The adolescents in the study were selected randomly from a group of college students
D. Factors other than parental pressure may play a role in developing positive traits in adolescents
E. Some of the adolescents said that they do not like to be pampered by their parents.

Conclusion: It seems that use of pressure does produce good in some cases.
In order to weaken the conclusion, try to find an alternate cause or try to prove that under pressure, something worse happens.
D does exactly one of the above. It finds an alternate cause and proves that it was because of some other factors, that helped adolescents to develop positive traits and not because of parental pressure.
+1D
Hope this helps.

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Re: In a study of the behavior of adolescents to parental [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2015, 02:19
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umeshpatil wrote:
In a study of the behavior of adolescents to parental pressures,it was found that the use of pressure by parents did not always elicit a negative behavior in the adolescents. While most of them reacted adversely, a few developed mature and independent thinking as a reaction to such pressure. It seems that use of pressure does produce good in some cases.

Which of the following if true most weakens the conclusion reached by the author?

A. The adolescents who reacted adversely do so even when there is no parental pressure on them.
B. All the adolescents who reacted favorably were highly intelligent
C. The adolescents in the study were selected randomly from a group of college students
D. Factors other than parental pressure may play a role in developing positive traits in adolescents
E. Some of the adolescents said that they do not like to be pampered by their parents.

This question is not a good one. Which source is it from?
For this type of weaken question, the alternative cause may not be a weakener. For instance, we cannot reason that overeating will not lead to overweight because not exercising leads to overweight.

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Re: In a study of the behavior of adolescents to parental [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2015, 03:22
Marcab wrote:
umeshpatil wrote:
In a study of the behavior of adolescents to parental pressures,it was found that the use of pressure by parents did not always elicit a negative behavior in the adolescents. While most of them reacted adversely, a few developed mature and independent thinking as a reaction to such pressure. It seems that use of pressure does produce good in some cases.

Which of the following if true most weakens the conclusion reached by the author?

A. The adolescents who reacted adversely do so even when there is no parental pressure on them.
B. All the adolescents who reacted favorably were highly intelligent
C. The adolescents in the study were selected randomly from a group of college students
D. Factors other than parental pressure may play a role in developing positive traits in adolescents
E. Some of the adolescents said that they do not like to be pampered by their parents.

Conclusion: It seems that use of pressure does produce good in some cases.
In order to weaken the conclusion, try to find an alternate cause or try to prove that under pressure, something worse happens.
D does exactly one of the above. It finds an alternate cause and proves that it was because of some other factors, that helped adolescents to develop positive traits and not because of parental pressure.
+1D
Hope this helps.

How about B. Altrenate Cause can be taken as intelligence. The intelligence caused them to develop +ve traits
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Re: In a study of the behavior of adolescents to parental [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2015, 23:27
Marcab wrote:
umeshpatil wrote:
In a study of the behavior of adolescents to parental pressures,it was found that the use of pressure by parents did not always elicit a negative behavior in the adolescents. While most of them reacted adversely, a few developed mature and independent thinking as a reaction to such pressure. It seems that use of pressure does produce good in some cases.

Which of the following if true most weakens the conclusion reached by the author?

A. The adolescents who reacted adversely do so even when there is no parental pressure on them.
B. All the adolescents who reacted favorably were highly intelligent
C. The adolescents in the study were selected randomly from a group of college students
D. Factors other than parental pressure may play a role in developing positive traits in adolescents
E. Some of the adolescents said that they do not like to be pampered by their parents.

Conclusion: It seems that use of pressure does produce good in some cases.
In order to weaken the conclusion, try to find an alternate cause or try to prove that under pressure, something worse happens.
D does exactly one of the above. It finds an alternate cause and proves that it was because of some other factors, that helped adolescents to develop positive traits and not because of parental pressure.
+1D
Hope this helps.

How about B. Altrenate Cause can be taken as intelligence. The intelligence caused them to develop +ve traits

I also voted for B. Option D talks about factors other than parental pressure. So doesn't that make it out of scope? We are concerned with effects of parental pressure.
Can someone comment on this?

daagh reto
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Re: In a study of the behavior of adolescents to parental [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2015, 01:53
Hi Rohan89,

A typical way to weaken the argument is to suggest an alternate explanation for the event.

Option D does just that. It tells that other factors may play the role and that the parental pressures are not responsible for the positive traits.

Option B tells that all who reacted favorably were intelligent(out of scope since intelligence was never the question).
Re: In a study of the behavior of adolescents to parental   [#permalink] 23 Nov 2015, 01:53
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