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In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil

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In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil [#permalink] New post 05 Oct 2009, 01:35
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Question Stats:

61% (02:01) correct 39% (00:51) wrong based on 87 sessions
In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record, Mary Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting East African cave paintings.
A. Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting
B. Leakey contributed to archaeology by her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and by painstakingly documenting
C. Leakey was a contributor to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and with her painstaking documentation of
D. Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and her painstaking documentation of
E. Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovering the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstaking documentation of
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Zarrolou on 01 Jul 2013, 06:29, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA.
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Re: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink] New post 05 Oct 2009, 05:12
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This question is among the brutual SC list. I remeber it well because as you i was stunned when my answer choice was wrong.

I found an explaination in another forum. Just sharring it with you.
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In this case, the right answer might actually look wrong to many people (which often happens on tricky questions). The opening phrase is talking about her work and saying "in addition to" her work on the fossil record - so we need to say what it is that is referring to this work. Her work on the fossil record was one of her contributions, just as her discovery of hominid activity was one of her contributions. But that's pretty subtle - if you're reading too quickly, you'll think that the opening modifier is referring to Mary Leakey and so we need to have her follow the comma. (But that's not really what's going on - what's actually going on is that we have a list of 3 contributions, but one comes at the beginning of the sentence and the other two come towards the end.)

A simpler sentence with the same set-up:
In addition to food, the mother's contributions to her child include shelter and love.
And as a straight list:
The mother's contributions to her child include food, shelter, and love.
Mary Leakey's contributions to archaelogy include her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record, her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity, and her painstaking documentation of East African paintings.
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Re: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil [#permalink] New post 11 Aug 2013, 10:46
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kinghyts wrote:
Not convinced with the OA. The her in option D) cannot refer to Mary Leakey.

Experts please comment


Actually her in her work is used as a possessive pronoun, and it very neatly refers to the possessive noun: Mary Leakey’s contributions.

Even otherwise, GMAT is quite lenient when it comes to these kind of pronoun usage. For example, in the sentence below, the object pronoun her is referring to the possessive pronoun: Bona Dea's.

#109, OG-13:
Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.
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Re: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil [#permalink] New post 01 Jul 2013, 06:40
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fozzzy wrote:
Can someone explain this one! Thanks!


In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record, Mary Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting East African cave paintings.

A and B and E are not parallel with/by her discovery / painstakingly documenting
or her discovering and painstaking documentation in E.

C. Leakey was a contributor to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and with her painstaking documentation of
D. Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and her painstaking documentation of

C and D remain, and they both look fine taken by them self. Look at the initial modifier "In addition to her work": what should complete it?

"In addition to her work" Leakey’s contributions <== correct - in addition to her work there is her contributions to etc...
"In addition to her work" Leakey <=== not correct as it states that "she" is an addition to her work.

Hope it's clear
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Re: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink] New post 05 Oct 2009, 02:24
B.
In addition to her work...., <subject is needed>... so D, E out. C sounds horrible.

Between A and B.
A wrongly suggests that Leaky contributed with "her discovery of the earliest direct evidence" and "her discovery of painstakingly documenting"==>Wrong implication.
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Re: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink] New post 05 Oct 2009, 04:06
Economist wrote:
B.
In addition to her work...., <subject is needed>... so D, E out. C sounds horrible.

Between A and B.
A wrongly suggests that Leaky contributed with "her discovery of the earliest direct evidence" and "her discovery of painstakingly documenting"==>Wrong implication.


Even I marked the same answer, but the OA is something else
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Re: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink] New post 05 Oct 2009, 04:12
Economist wrote:
B.
In addition to her work...., <subject is needed>... so D, E out. C sounds horrible.

Between A and B.
A wrongly suggests that Leaky contributed with "her discovery of the earliest direct evidence" and "her discovery of painstakingly documenting"==>Wrong implication.



u mentioned that subject is needed, do you mean to say that the noun to which her is referring..
it's already given there "MARY"
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Re: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink] New post 05 Oct 2009, 04:42
Yes, D and E are clearly out. I am pretty sure about B. However, if there is any valid explanation then I will learn something new... Pls post the OA and OE :)
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Re: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink] New post 05 Oct 2009, 04:52
OA given is D...

sorry i dont have any explanation...since the question belongs to GMAT prep
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Re: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink] New post 05 Oct 2009, 04:52
I can't see how D can be the right answer. This is a dangling modifier. Are you sure it's D?
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Re: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink] New post 05 Oct 2009, 05:05
ariel wrote:
I can't see how D can be the right answer. This is a dangling modifier. Are you sure it's D?


Even I am surprised, but the answer mentioned is D.....
I thought it to be B...and i still believe i am correct
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Re: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink] New post 05 Oct 2009, 05:06
SC Gurus please take over ! :)
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Re: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink] New post 05 Oct 2009, 05:19
phewww , my brain's fuse is blown up.......http: :shock:
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Re: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink] New post 03 Nov 2009, 11:16
I initially chose C, but I can see why D is correct. It's almost self-explanatory.
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Re: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink] New post 03 Nov 2009, 12:55
In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record, Mary Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting East African cave paintings.
SUBJECT SHOULD MODIFY "HER WORK" AND NOT THE PERSON HIMSELF
SO LEAKY IS INCORRECT SUBJECT,LEAK'YS WORK/LEAKY'S CONTRIBUTION IS THE CRRECT SUBJECT.LEAKY (LEAKY WAS A CONTRIBUTOR) WOULD BE INCORRECT TO MODIFY "HER WORK"

HAD THE SENTENCE STARTED AS "IN ADDITION TO WORKING ON X",SUBJECT WOULD
HAVE BEEN LEAKY.

A. Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting
SUBJECT PROBLEM AS EXPLANIED ABOVE
WITH HER DOCUMENTING is incorrect form.should be WITH HER DOCUMENTATION
B. Leakey contributed to archaeology by her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and by painstakingly documenting
SUBJECT PROBLEM AS EXPLANIED ABOVE
"BY HER DISCOVERY" should be "WITH HER DISCOVERY"
C. Leakey was a contributor to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and with her painstaking documentation of
SUBJECT PROBLEM AS EXPLANIED ABOVE
"WAS A CONTRIBUTOR" IS WORDY
D. Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and her painstaking documentation of
"LEAKY'S CONTRIBUTIONS" IS A CORRECT SUBJECT since it modifies "HER WORK"(in addition to HER WORK)"
INCLUDE is a correct verb to point out 2 separate contributions
DISCOVER is correct usage
PAINSTAKING DOCUMENTATION is correct usage
E. Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovering the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstaking documentation of
DISCOVERING should be DISCOVERY
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Re: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink] New post 03 Nov 2009, 14:51
I chose D. I haven't studied SC yet, but that choice seemed the most correct to me.
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Re: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink] New post 04 Nov 2009, 02:37
:shock:Almost got it....missed parallelism her work non underlined portion:( and marked E as ans


Great ques...Thanks for posting it .
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Re: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil [#permalink] New post 01 Jul 2013, 06:23
Can someone explain this one! Thanks!
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Re: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil [#permalink] New post 10 Aug 2013, 20:14
Not convinced with the OA. The her in option D) cannot refer to Mary Leakey.

Experts please comment
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Re: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil [#permalink] New post 08 Oct 2014, 21:18
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Re: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil   [#permalink] 08 Oct 2014, 21:18
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